Tag Archives: 新竹

在你的論文中建立有效的條形圖 / 為你的研究論文創建有效的表格 : 研究生英文投稿日報 12/27/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 在你的論文中建立有效的條形圖 (PART B)

* 為你的研究論文創建有效的表格 (PART B)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (348)

* 產品資訊之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (4 of 5)

* 工程英文假設描述 (58) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

在你的論文中建立有效的條形圖 (PART B)

* 照邏輯順序排列條形。

– 對於一個垂直條形圖,如果可能的話使用年表。

– 對於一個水平條形圖,照大小的順序排列。

* 在圖下方寫標題(不像表格標題放在上方中)。

* 指明您的信息來源,如果不是你自己提供的數據。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 326 )

為你的研究論文創建有效的表格 (PART B)

* 在列中按順序安排數據。

* 不要讓表列出不必要信息。

* 盡量減少使用規則。

* 必要時提供註腳。

* 如果不是自己提供的信息,應表明你的信息來源。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 321 )

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (348)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

產品資訊之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (4 of 5)

技術對應的實例:

We have some questions regarding the installation and commission of your weighing systems: I refer specifically to the A1B2C3, (purchasing order No. D4E5F6G7, dated February 19 2009) for our liquid flow laboratory. Please respond to the following items:
1. The installation procedure should begin around November. Please fax us the resumes of those engineers who will come to Taiwan.
2. Please list the equipment and tools necessary for your engineers to complete the installation procedure.

If you have any advice or comments, please do not hesitate to let us know. We hope to receive your response soon.

工程英文假設描述 (58) (下)

* 工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

* 達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

* 希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

* 領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文假設描述

工程計劃目標 The Tapster can be developed as the transparent proxy redirector for mobile computing. 達成目標的方法 To do so, the Tapster can be implemented in a Windows XP environment. Experiments can then be performed to demonstrate the effectiveness of the (NOTE: Add 1-2 more sentences to describe the methodology) 希望的結果 As anticipated, simulation results can indicate that the Tapster can quietly redirect the requests of applications to the nearby proxy without application awareness, configuration and modifications. The applications function as if they were staying at the home network and interacting with the configured proxy. 領域的貢獻 Importantly, the Tapster can support various proxies, not just the HTTP proxy (NOTE: Elaborate more on the theoretical and practical contributions of the Tapster in your research field and industry).

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

為你的研究論文創建有效的表格 / 在你的論文中建立有效的條形圖 : 研究生英文投稿日報 12/26/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 為你的研究論文創建有效的表格 (PART A)

* 在你的論文中建立有效的條形圖 (PART A)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (347)

* 產品資訊之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (3 of 5)

* 工程英文問題描述 (58) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

為你的研究論文創建有效的表格 (PART A)

* 表示度量單位。

– 如果所有的數據都在同一單元中,在標題中表明單元

– 如果數據在不同的列表示不同的單位,表示單位標示在列頭

– 如果在一列中的所有的數據使用相同的單位,表示單位標示在列頭

* 在左欄中列出進行比較的項目。

– 按邏輯順序排列項目:大,小,重要性,按字母順序排列,按時間順序,和按地理

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 321 )

在你的論文中建立有效的條形圖 (PART A)

* 比例公平。

– 垂直軸約25%,比水平軸短。

* 開始的數量規模為零,從而使條形準確代表數量。

* 沿軸線使用標記以代表數量。

* 照邏輯順序排列條形。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 326 )

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (347)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

產品資訊之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (3 of 5)

技術對應的實例:

I talked to Mr. Jones over the phone regarding product information of scopolamine free base. He suggested that I contact you. In October 2009, we ordered one kilogram of scopolamine from your company (Batch No. 12345). The drug has been used for the transdermal delivery system development project currently underway at our laboratory. We plan to file an IND with the Bureau of Drugs (Taiwan’s counterpart of the FDA) for scopolamine T.D.D.S. Please provide us with the following documents and samples required by the Bureau:
1. a certificate of Analysis of Scopolamine Free Base, especially for this batch
2. 10 grams of reference standard
3. analytical profiles and test protocols of Scopolamine (for QA purposes)
4. a Material Safety Data Sheet (M.S.D.S.)
5. any other pertinent information your company can release regarding this drug

Thanks in advance for your kind assistance.

工程英文問題描述 (58) (上)

* 工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?

* 工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

* 工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

* 工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

* 工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃建構 Among the numerous advantages of proxies include controlling access, conserving network bandwidth, reducing communication delay and alleviating loads of original server. Therefore, various proxies appear in the Internet based on application requirements, e.g., a HTTP proxy for the Internet, a FTP proxy for file transmission, and a SOCKS proxy for firewall traversal. Meanwhile, most applications can communicate through a proxy. 工程計劃問題 However, the mobile computing paradigm negatively impacts certain applications. Referred to as mobility-unaware applications, applications designed for fixed network environments are unaware of the movements of mobile devices. When roaming, such applications access the Internet through the configured proxies – probably far from the visited network rather than through nearby proxies. Such behavior barely achieves advantages of the proxy. Additionally, communication may incur interferences, e.g., becoming congested, incurring a long delay, encountering a firewall’s obstacle, or becoming intercepted. 工程計劃問題的量化 For instance, in addition to the difficulty of manually changing the proxy configurations of applications during handoff, using a Proxy Auto-Config file (pac file) neither satisfies non-HTTP applications nor enables users to roam freely. Despite the many proposals to obtain the address of the nearby proxy, applications must still detect the movements, acquire the address of the nearby proxy and utilize the nearby proxy. 工程計劃問題的中心 While creating mobility-aware applications hinders developer, modifying applications may be infeasible owing to a lack of source codes. Providing applications is an effective means of communicating through a nearby proxy without modifying applications. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, the Tapster must be developed as the transparent proxy redirector for mobile computing.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

研究文件圖形規劃檢查清單 / 研究論文建立有效圖形要素 : 研究生英文投稿日報 12/23/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 研究文件圖形規劃檢查清單 (PART A)

* 研究論文建立有效圖形要素 (PART A)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (344)

* 公司相關資料之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) ( 2 of 2 )

* 工程英文假設描述 (57) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

研究文件圖形規劃檢查清單 (PART A)

* 觀眾

– 讀者了解您要使用的這種圖形?

– 讀者會知道在你領域的標準圖形?

– 讀者有何動機來閱讀您的文件,或者你需要以內容以保持他們的注意力?

* 用途

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 310 )

研究論文建立有效圖形要素 (PART A)

* 要建立一個複雜的圖形要花很多時間,所以你需要建立一個時間表

* 金錢:高品質的圖形是昂貴的。

– 項目預算有多大?

– 你怎麼有效地使用這筆錢?

* 裝備:你會需要什麼樣的工具和軟體?

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 312 )

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (344)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

公司相關資料之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) ( 2 of 2 )

技術對應的實例:

UCL is a member of the PEP & CEH Program at ABC International. We have ordered your multi-client report on Metallocenes. Mr. Smith (after visiting UCL on May 21) suggested that we contact you regarding licensing information. We would like to know which company is interested in licensing their technology. Could you please let me know as soon as possible? I appreciate your assistance

.

工程英文假設描述 (57) (下)

* 工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

* 達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

* 希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

* 領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文假設描述

工程計劃目標 A novel LDPC structure called a repeat-accumulate (RA) code, as originally proposed in 2002, can be developed. RA codes can provide the system with an extremely low error rate of data, yet an efficient encoding process. Its encoding resembles the encode of convolutional codes, explaining the low complexity. Of priority concern is how to design an RA code such that the system performance can approach the “system capacity”, as mentioned by the renowned communications researcher Shannon in 1948. 達成目標的方法To do so, an extrinsic information transfer (EXIT) chart can be simulated in MIMO channel to become the design baseline of MIMO systems. The MIMO system capacity can then be determined by some formulas, as provided by Channon, to derive an appropriate value of the signal-to-noise ration (SNR). Additionally, based on this appropriate SNR, a curve fitting can be derived to match the EXIT chart. Moreover, a probability density function of “variable nodes” and “check nodes” in the RA code can be determined by the above curve and, finally, the design of RA codes can be completed. Furthermore, confirmation can be made that the RA code determined via the above methods performs well in MIMO systems. 希望的結果 As anticipated, applying the adequately designed RA code can ensure that the MIMO system achieves an extremely low data error rate and, simultaneously, maintains the advantage of a high data rate. Based on the simulation results, the MIMO system with RA codes can perform equivalent to the SISO system. Hence, the low performance problem in MIMO systems is averted by adopting the well-designed RA code. 領域的貢獻 While cable-free wireless communication devices require batteries, their power supply is limited, accentuating the importance of the power resources. For wireless devices to perform efficiently, a battery can supply the system for an extended period. Hence, the encoding process must be simplified when applying LDPC to MIMO systems. The proposed RA code, one class of LDPC, is feasible for use in a MIMO system device, the encoding process can become efficient and a significant amount of power is saved. Hence, small wireless communication devices can operate for extended periods without using battery chargers.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

為您的研究文件創建誠實圖形 / 研究論文如何整合圖形和文字 : 研究生英文投稿日報 12/22/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 為您的研究文件創建誠實圖形

* 研究論文如何整合圖形和文字

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (343)

* 公司相關資料之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) ( 1 of 2 )

* 工程英文問題描述 (57) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

為您的研究文件創建誠實圖形

* 如果你沒有創建圖形或數據則應引用文獻出處,並取得許可。

* 包括所有相關數據。如果你有一個數據無法解釋則不改變規模來消除它。

* 在你的圖表清楚地標記數據 – 並表示誠實數量。

* 不要使用一個表來表明一個數據點,應使用明顯的圖形來表示。

* 真實地顯示影像。例如,不操縱電腦顯示器使圖形看起來更大。

* 不要使用顏色或陰影歪曲圖形的重要性。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 309 )

研究論文如何整合圖形和文字

* 將圖形直接放在適當的位置。

* 文字中引入圖形。

– 如果可能的話,請參閱出現在正文之前圖形。

– 參照圖形號碼(如“See page 7”)。

* 解釋圖形文字。說出你希望讀者由圖形中學會的知識。

* 使圖形清晰可見。使圖形周圍的文字容易區分。

* 使圖形容易使用。考慮包括一系列的插圖,使讀者能很容易地找到他們。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 310 )

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (343)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

公司相關資料之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) ( 1 of 2 )

技術對應的實例:

I sent you a fax, dated July 17, that requests the following information:
1. A list of USA or global catalyst manufacturers, including:
a. company names, adresses, telephone and fax numbers, and
b. product lines and sales records for each product.
2. Information on n-butene skeletal isomerization to iso-butylene. I know that ABC Corporation, DEF Corporation, GHI Corporation (Skeletal process), and JKL Corporation (BLISS process) are the global leaders in this field. The last company may already be in the pilot plant or demo plant stage.

I urgently need the above information. I appreciate your kind attention to this matter and I look forward to hearing from you soon.

工程英文問題描述 (56) (上)

* 工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?

* 工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

* 工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

* 工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

* 工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃建構 Multi-input multi-output (MIMO) schemes attempt to increase the data rate in wireless communications. If N antennas are used in MIMO systems, the data rate of MIMO systems can be N times that of conventional systems, i.e. single-input single-output (SISO) systems, subsequently increasing the data rate significantly. Despite the higher data rate of MIMO systems, its performance is markedly lower than that of SISO systems since MIMO systems can maintain many channels; in addition, recognizing data of each antenna is extremely difficult. MIMO systems thus adopt an advanced channel coding scheme called low-density parity-check (LDPC) code. 工程計劃問題 However, although capable of significantly upgrading system performance, LDPC codes are limited owing to their complex encoding process. In LDPC codes, an extremely large generator matrix G must be multiplied for encoding. (NOTE : Add 3-4 more sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 工程計劃問題的量化 For instance, while the dimension of G approximates to 2000 by 2000 in the IEEE 802.11n standard, multiplying G expends a considerable amount of time. However, only six registers are necessary to complete encoding for conventional channel coding, i.e. convolutional codes, explaining why LDPC and conventional codes significantly differ in encoding complexity. 工程計劃問題的中心 An extremely complex encoding process requires a significant amount of power for the system to complete all encoding tasks. However, for a small wireless communication device such as a mobile phone, notebook computer and PDA, power is a highly valuable resource since the battery power supply is crucial. Moreover, an efficient encoding process for LDPC codes is problematic for MIMO systems. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, a novel LDPC structure called a repeat-accumulate (RA) code, as originally proposed in 2002, must be developed.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

為什麼圖形對研究論文是重要的? / 研究論文有效圖形的特性 : 研究生英文投稿日報 12/21/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 為什麼圖形對研究論文是重要的?

* 研究論文有效圖形的特性

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (342)

* 專案開發資訊之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) ( 1 of 1 )

* 商用英文假設描述 (12) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

為什麼圖形對研究論文是重要的?

* 圖形展示邏輯和數字的關係。

* 圖形可以比言語更有效地溝通空間信息。

* 圖形可以比言語更有效地說明過程中的步驟。

* 圖形可以節省空間。

* 圖形可以減少國際讀者文字轉換的成本。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 307 )

研究論文有效圖形的特性

* 一個有效圖形應該用於一個目的:不要使用圖形,除非它會幫助讀者理解或記住信息。

* 一個有效圖形應該是簡單而整潔。

* 一個有效圖形應該只包括一個可管理的信息量:呈現太多信息會混淆讀者。

* 一個有效圖形應符合期刊格式或他們讀者的期望。

* 一個有效圖形應該清楚地標示:給每個圖形一個獨特的及明確的信息標題。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 308 )

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (342)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

專案開發資訊之提供 (資訊之提供) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) ( 1 of 1 )
http://www.chineseowl.idv.tw/html/correspondence/inform.html

技術對應的實例:

I am a researcher at the Waste Exchange Information Center(WEIC) at Union Chemical Laboratories, of the Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan, R.O.C. We have received your publication ‘Industrial Material Exchange Service’ on a regular basis for some time.

WEIC is a non- governmental, non-profit organization. Our primary goal is to assist industries recycle and reuse waste before disposal. Enclosed please find a document that may give further insight into WEIC. Proposed information exchange relationship between your two organizations Since our goals closely resemble those of your organization, we would like to develop a partner relationship with Industrial Material Exchange Service, and in this way facilitate information exchange and other possible collaborations. Information request Would you please send me introductory information as well as other relevant publications that provide information on your strategies, methodologies, achievements and future objectives? Thanks in advance for your assistance.

商用英文假設描述 (12) (下)

* 商用目標 : 商用提案的目標 ?

* 達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

* 希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

* 領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關商用領域的貢獻?

商用英文假設描述:

商用目標 An optimal operating model can be developed, capable of choosing an effective monitor to adequately implement a real option model in assess investment strategies practices, subsequently providing business managers with the most effective strategic policy to promote assess investment efforts and construct optimal exercise time through the assistance of the probability method value and variance of fuzzy numbers. 商用目標的方法 To do so, a real option method that incorporates fuzzy theory can be constructed to select or refuse an investment decision within a certain period. (NOTE: Add 2 or 3 more sentences for a more complete methodology.) 商用的結果 As anticipated, the proposed optimal operating model can provide business managers with the ability to assess investment decision by combining the real option method and fuzzy theory, subsequently reducing investment risk. Managers lacking strong analytical skills can still adopt this model to assess an investment or forecast a potential risk. 領域的貢獻 While enabling business managers to assess an investment opportunity, the proposed model emphasizes the role of real options in flexibly allowing managers to increase profits or to reduce overhead costs. A fuzzy pattern of real option is a promising means of popularizing real option analyses in which other alternative decision-making frameworks could be adopted, an area which future investigations should explore. (NOTE : Add 1 more sentence that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

簡易網站的設計指南 / 設計易於閱讀的網站內文 : 研究生英文投稿日報 12/20/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 簡易網站的設計指南

* 設計易於閱讀的網站內文

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (341)

* 受訓後去函致謝 (科技訓練) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (2 of 2 )

* 商用英文問題描述 (12) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

簡易網站的設計指南

* 使用簡單的背景,最好是純白色背景或柔和淡雅背景。

* 避免誇張的模式分散讀者對文字和圖形的專注。

* 使用相對保守的顏色組合以增加文字的可讀性。

* 內文顏色和背景顏色的對比度高使文字更清晰易讀。

* 避免用裝飾圖形。

* 使用圖形的縮圖,使讀者可以點擊它,如果他們想看到一個更大的版本。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 297 )

設計易於閱讀的網站內文

* 保持內文精短。

– 不佳的螢幕解析度使得閱讀長內文變得困難。

– 每頁不超過二或三個區塊信息。

* 使用大分類的信息,而不是分成太細,太多的小信息點。

* 經常使用標題,簡短的段落和列表。

* 盡可能使用簡單的文字:如使用常見的單詞和簡短的句子。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 298 )

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (341)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

受訓後去函致謝 (科技訓練) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (2 of 2 )

技術對應的實例:

I returned to Taiwan safely on April 27, and I am now back to my work in the Dimensional Measurement Group at CMS/ITRI.

I learned much from you about the use of laser micrometers in Gage-block calibration and thin wire measurement. Thank you for your instruction and advice.

I’ve already sent the photographs taken at the luncheon party on April 23 to Miss Lin. She will pass the duplicates on to you.

I thoroughly enjoyed the time spent in your group. I also hope to have another opportunity to serve as a visiting researcher at your institute.

商用英文問題描述 (12) (上)

* 商用提案建構 : 你商用提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭商用提案的內容嗎?

* 商用問題 : 你的商用提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

* 商用問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

* 問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對商用提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

* 商用計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

商用英文問題描述:

商用提案建構 Despite the abundance of theoretical models to identify investment opportunities, many uncertainties still exist. Business managers highly prioritize the effectiveness of timely strategic decisions in grasping investment opportunities owing to their ability to maintain corporate competitiveness. Business must thus adopt effective strategic models to clearly evaluate potential investment opportunities. 商用問題 However, the conventionally adopted decision making method DCF is unreliable owing to its inability to clearly assess management competence. (NOTE : Add 2-4 sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 商用問題的量化 Linear and static in nature, the DCF method assumes that an investment opportunity is not totally reversible or will never appear again. When using DCF, the current value of anticipated profits is first determined. The current value of the expenditures required is then estimated. Finally, whether the difference between the two-the Net Present Value (NPV) of the investment is greater than 0 is determined. However, difficulties arise in calculating this net present value. Specifically, conventional investment theory does not recognize the important qualitative and quantitative implications of the interaction. This method also implicitly assumes that net present value (NPV) positive projects exist only when either firms can exploit temporary competitive advantages or governments do not intervene (Myers, 1977, 1984; Pinches and Lander, 1997). However, if unforeseen circumstances influence investment opportunities, business managers often lack the analytical skills to determine their impact. Baldwin (1987) suggested that, given increasing variability in product and financial markets worldwide, companies that recognize option values and build a degree of flexibility into their investments hold an advantage over those that do not consider available options when designing and evaluating capital projects. 問題的中心 Consequently, conventional decision strategies may neglect the importance of not only uncertainties in value investment strategies, but also modeling and valuing real options within a concise framework. 商用計劃需求 Therefore, an optimal operating model must be developed, capable of choosing an effective monitor to adequately implement a real option model in assess investment strategies practices, subsequently providing business managers with the most effective strategic policy to promote assess investment efforts and construct optimal exercise time through the assistance of the probability method value and variance of fuzzy numbers.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

如何讓失能障礙人士更容易使用你的網站 / 設計誠實合法的網站 : 研究生英文投稿日報 12/19/1013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 如何讓失能障礙人士更容易使用你的網站 (PART B)

* 設計誠實合法的網站

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (340)

* 受訓後去函致謝 (科技訓練) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (1 of 1 )

* 工程英文假設描述 (56) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

如何讓失能障礙人士更容易使用你的網站 (PART B)

* 聽力障礙

– 如果您使用視訊則應提供字幕,如果視訊中包含聲音則要提供音量控制功能。

– 使用視覺反饋技術。

* 行動不便。

– 有些人行動不便使用鍵盤比鼠標更容易找到信息。

– 盡可能使用鍵盤快捷鍵。

– 把讀者點擊區域變大,這樣很容易看到點擊處。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 296 )

設計誠實合法的網站

* 在網路上的文字和圖像都受版權保護,即使你沒有看到版權宣明。

* 你需要有受版權保護的文字和圖像使用許可。

* 公共領域不包括版權,因為版權已經過期或信息的創造者明確指出在公共領域的信息
可以被自由複製。

* 幾乎所有的網頁設計人員花費了大量的時間在他人網頁上尋找靈感。以上是道德的。

* 許多網頁設計師觀看他人作品的設計代碼。以上是道德的。

* 下載一整頁的代碼,包括佈局和設計然後加入自己的數據是不道德的。

* 法律上和道德上,你必須創建自己的信息並實現在自己的設計上。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 297)

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (340)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

受訓後去函致謝 (科技訓練) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (1 of 1 )

技術對應的實例:

I would like to express our appreciation for the hospitality and technical guidance you provided to Mr. Chang during his six-month guest work period at your laboratory. As I’m sure you know, he participated in your re-examination of the quantized Hall effect at i=2 and i=4 plateau, and set a new limit for the metrology of quantized Hall effect in resistance standards. His work, under the supervision of Dr. Smith, compared different SQUID types in CCC circuits. The paper he prepared was accepted at CPEM’05, and this subsequently earned him a Young Scientist Award at that conference. We believe that it was your laboratory’s committment to excellence that enabled him to have such a fruitful experience.

Mr. Chang has paved the way for closer relations between our two laboratories. I hope that we can continue to strengthen friendship through more such cooperative efforts. I look forward to seeing you at CPEM’06.

工程英文假設描述 (56) (下)

* 工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

* 達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

* 希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

* 領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文假設描述

工程計劃目標 An economically feasible scheme can be developed to reduce the cost of installing VPN and increase efficiency based on the ability to prevent attacks of a company firewall from the Internet. 達成目標的方法 To do so, rather than using a customized VPN server, a pure software environment can be created that comprises both the server and client programs. Each computer can function as a VPN server by installing the server once. The software solution can effectively lower construction costs of a VPN environment. Next, to achieve transparency among all firewalls, a tunneling scheme based on “https” protocol can be adopted to pass through the firewalls since the https protocol is transparent among all firewalls. This protocol can possess sufficient security capabilities to protect the confidentiality of transactions. Additionally, transaction performance can be enhanced by basing this program on network layer consisting of two MAC layers, rather than three IP layers, thus increasing the efficiency of this program. 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed scheme can enhance performance by nearly 50% over that of the conventional VPN topology. The economically feasible setup cost ensures transparency among firewalls. Until now, this program has passed through 50 testing firewalls without being filtered out. 領域的貢獻 In addition to reducing installation costs of a VPN, the proposed scheme can also make transactions transparent to firewalls. Setting the VPN server behind firewalls can ensure security and increase efficiency. Results of this study can contribute to establish other VPN mechanisms that are economically feasible for small companies.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

如何讓失能障礙人士更容易使用你的網站 / 為多元文化觀眾設計網站: 研究生英文投稿日報 12/18/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 如何讓失能障礙人士更容易使用你的網站 (PART A)

* 為多元文化觀眾設計網站

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (339)

* 申請被拒絕之回覆 (科技訓練)(有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (1 of 1 )

* 工程英文問題描述 (56) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

如何讓失能障礙人士更容易使用你的網站 (PART A)

* 視力障礙

– 對看不到或看不清楚的讀者提供語音轉換軟體。

– 只提供一個純文字版本的網站或只提供對所有圖形做文字描述的版本。

– 不要依賴單獨顏色或圖形做信息溝通。

– 如果你使用表格則應清楚地用文字做標記。

– 使用12點或更大的字型。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 296 )

為多元文化觀眾設計網站

* 大約75%的人使用網路是非英語母語人士。

* 你在網站設計時應預想許多讀者並不是精通英語的。

* 使用常見的單詞和簡短句子和段落。

* 避免成語(口頭上和視覺上),可能會造成混亂。

* 如果你的讀者有很大比例是講英語以外的其他語言,這時應創建一個使用該語言版本的網站。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 296 )

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (339)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

申請被拒絕之回覆 (科技訓練)(有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (1 of 1 )

技術對應的實例:

Thank you for your e-mail dated July 19, 2011. I was quite disappointed to learn that you will be unable to receive me as a visiting researcher. However, I will re-submit my application in the near future in the hope that I can have this opportunity. Please recall that my living expenses as a visiting researcher would be entirely supported by my organization, and would therefore not require any financial assistance.

As our laboratory does not have much experience in the primary pressure standard (PPS) of the mercury manometer, could you please send us some technical reports or papers regarding your laboratories work on the PPS of the mercury manometer?

工程英文問題描述 (56) (上)

* 工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?

* 工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

* 工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

* 工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

* 工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃建構 Internet security has significantly increased in recent years, as evidenced by the growing number of enterprises that construct computer firewalls to withstand external attacks and viruses. Capable of protecting data transactions between the Internet and a company’s intranet, a VPN utilizes a reliable encrypting mechanism to protect all data transfers. VPN is normally adopted within a company or between several companies to establish a private communication network over the Internet. 工程計劃問題 However, constructing a VPN requires a customized hardware server and complex expertise settings, often involving prohibitively high overhead costs that small companies cannot afford. Additionally, VPN uses a tunnel scheme, e.g., IPSec and SSL, thus preventing these protocols from passing through all firewalls. Thus, some VPN servers must stationed outside of the firewall, thus compromising the security of the VPN server. 工程計劃問題的量化 For instance, recent statistics indicate that 70% of all VPN servers are under attack each hour if firewall protection is unavailable. Withstanding these attacks expends considerable computational power of VPN servers, subsequently degrading VPN performance. 工程計劃問題的中心 Above limitations incur high overhead costs in transaction time. Additionally, the prohibitively expensive outlay setup compromises the security of transactions from small companies that can not afford VPN. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, an economically feasible scheme must be developed to reduce the cost of installing VPN and increase efficiency based on the ability to prevent attacks of a company firewall from the Internet.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

如何讓你的網站易於瀏覽 / 您網站的讀者可能會需要的額外功能 : 研究生英文投稿日報 12/17/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 如何讓你的網站易於瀏覽

* 您網站的讀者可能會需要的額外功能

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (338)

* 住宿安排 (國外訓練之申請) (科技訓練)(有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (1 of 1 )

* 商用英文假設描述 (11) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

如何讓你的網站易於瀏覽

* 使用一個網站地圖或索引。

* 在長頁面的頂部列表。

* 讓讀者可以快速回到長頁面的頂部。

* 在每一頁的頂部包含一個主頁連接。

* 在每一頁的底部包含一個導覽連接。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 293 )

您網站的讀者可能會需要的額外功能

* 常見問題列表為如何使用該網站提供基本信息,並指導新讀者如何使用網站

* 搜索引擎可以讓讀者使用關鍵字或短語找到相關的所有網頁

* 如果你的網站有教育性則應提供連結使讀者可以接到其他網站

* 提供可列印的網站

* 提供只有文字的版本。這是因為許多讀者有視力障礙,依賴的專門軟體無法解釋網站上的圖形。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 293 )

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (338)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

住宿安排 (國外訓練之申請) (科技訓練)(有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (1 of 1 )

技術對應的實例:

Thank you for your fax regarding the accomodations during my guest working period. As you suggested, I will rent a one-room apartment for at least one month. However, I still need to know the following:

*The monthly rent for a lease of six months
*What facilities there are in the apartment
*Whether the apartment is within walking distance from the institute?
Enclosed please find my confirmation of one month’s rental.
If there are any further developments, I’ll keep you informed. Thank you again for your generous help.

Please confirm this transmission by e-mail.

商用英文假設描述 (11) (下)

* 商用目標 : 商用提案的目標 ?

* 達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

* 希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

* 領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關商用領域的貢獻?

商用英文假設描述:

商用目標 An AHP-based method can be developed to select objectively medical waste disposal firms based on the results of interviews with experts in the field, thus reducing overhead costs and enhancing medical waste management. 達成目標的方法 To do so, an AHP-based framework can be constructed based on interviews with hospital administrators. A questionnaire can then be designed and submitted to experts that handle medical waste issues. Next, those questionnaire results can be analyzed using the AHP method to identify the most important factors in selecting medical waste disposal firms. Additionally, candidate medical waste disposal firms can be evaluated based on the criteria. 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed AHP-based method can offer a more efficient and precise means of selecting medical waste firms than subjective assessment methods, thus reducing the potential risks for hospitals and clearly defining for medical waste disposal firms what the hospital expects. 領域的貢獻 Additionally, the proposed method can enhance the way in which administrators manage medical waste matters, enabling hospitals to clearly classify and define the contents of potentially dangerous medical waste, thus establishing precise guidelines for medical waste disposal firms to provide a better service. (NOTE : Add 2 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

網站設計指南 / 技術文件規劃設計 : 研究生英文投稿日報 12/16/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 網站設計指南

* 技術文件規劃設計 (PART C)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (337)

* 訓練行程之更改 (國外訓練之申請) (科技訓練)(有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (1 of 1 )

* 商用英文問題描述 (11) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

網站設計指南

* 創建有資訊價值的頭條新聞。

* 幫助讀者導覽網站。

* 你的讀者可能需要額外的功能。

* 幫助讀者與他人連接溝通信息。

* 為殘疾讀者設計。

* 為多元文化讀者設計。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 292 )

技術文件規劃設計 (PART C)

* 確定你的資源

– 時間:你的日程安排為何?

– 金錢:你能負擔得起的專業設計師,印刷店和網路開發?

– 設備:複雜的設計要求繪圖,網路軟體和佈局方案。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 265)

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (337)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日-2000年6月21日),亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家,20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。

訓練行程之更改 (國外訓練之申請) (科技訓練)(有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (1 of 1 )

技術對應的實例:

I sent you a letter concerning the details of your offered training course at Leeds University. Thank you for your arrangement of the training course “Technique for optimization of the dyeing processes” (by Dr. Thompson). We can prolong the duration of the course by one week (for a total of three weeks). It would be preferable to begin the training course around April 14. Please forward to me the course schedule and list of tuition fees as soon as possible. Thanks for your kind attention.

商用英文問題描述 (11) (上)

* 商用提案建構 : 你商用提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭商用提案的內容嗎?

* 商用問題 : 你的商用提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

* 商用問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

* 問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對商用提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

* 商用計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

商用英文問題描述:

商用提案建構 Taiwanese hospitals must effectively cope with not only severe budgetary constraints in the national health insurance scheme, but also stringent mandates on medical waste treatment from the Environmental Protection Administration. While hospitals dispose of large amounts of medical waste to ensure sanitation and personal hygiene, doing so inefficiently creates potential environmental hazards and increases operational expenses. The environmental protection sector is just beginning to address harmful waste that the waste treatment sector is emitting, largely owing to the lack of effective management experience in closely monitoring daily operations. 商用問題 However, the scope of services that medical waste disposal firms provides does not always match the needs of individual hospitals. According to the Environmental Protection Administration, although 456 medical waste disposal firms were operating by the end of 2000, their small-scale size limited its scope of services in handling certain wastes. Therefore, the ability to efficiently handle medical waste depends on the ability of hospitals to adopt sound waste management practices and coordinate their efforts with waste disposal firms. However, Taiwanese hospitals lack an objective criterion to select the most appropriate waste disposal firm and evaluate its performance, instead relying on their own subjective judgment and previous experiences. 商用問題的量化 According to Department of Health statistics, with approximately 17,500 hospital clinics operating domestically with a bed capacity of roughly 120,000 beds, nearly 300 metric tons of medical waste are produced daily; among which, 15% is infectious, with its amount increasing as well. Given the growth trend of increasing medical waste, the inability of hospitals to adopt an objective means of evaluating a waste disposal firm and its performance may lead to an inappropriate selection and higher operational costs, necessitating the development of an effective means of evaluating the performance of waste disposal firms objectively, thus reducing overhead costs and enhancing medical waste management. Owing to that either hospital staff or contracted waste firms must handle the medical waste, such a mechanism would set an allocated budget for medical waste disposal and closely monitor expenditures. 問題的中心 Previously, while most hospitals had facilities to process medical waste, expenses incurred were must higher than contracting a firm to perform the task. Therefore, as most hospitals contract waste disposal firms to handle their waste, administrators need a reliable method to select the most appropriate contracted firm in order to closely monitor and reduce expenditures associated with this process. 商用計劃需求 Therefore, an AHP-based method must be developed to select objectively medical waste disposal firms based on the results of interviews with experts in the field, thus reducing overhead costs and enhancing medical waste management.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德