Category Archives: Publication ethics

學術期刊如何處理研究所負責人不正確的指控?(研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 4/12/2015

CambridgeSunset

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 學術期刊如何處理研究所負責人不正確的指控?(研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (448) Poster Presentations: Tips, Tricks, and Planning
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 11/4/2015
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (10/12)
* 非正式商用英文技術報告 (32) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

學術期刊如何處理研究所負責人不正確的指控?(研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

*在作者和若干修訂之後,期刊發表文章。

*研究所(也是大學倫理委員會的成員)的負責人致信該期刊,並表示關心如下的問題:文件資金來源不明;作者隸屬關係不正
確;和試驗尚未提交給當地的倫理委員會。

*在答覆中,作者提供了由研究所(投訴人)負責人簽署的文件指出該試驗進行時負責人一直是他協會的會員。

*作者還提供了法律諮詢,他們已經在試驗時完全遵守法律。

*為了驗證這一點符合,衛生部長致函該期刊,並說他已根據法律規定批准試驗。

*作者承認資金來源沒有清楚說明。

*該期刊隨後公佈作者的背景和資金來源。不過,該期刊對倫理委員會批准沒有進一步的關注。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 7-41)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (448) Poster Presentations: Tips, Tricks, and Planning
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 11/4/2015:
* Sử dụng động từ thay vì danh từ (Chỉnh sửa một cách chính xác) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn
bản tiếng anh) (3/10)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (36): 7 Habits of Successful Early Career Researchers* Tổ chức
lớp viết báo khoa học Y khoa đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (5) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Radiotechnology)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (10/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. Incomplete data is commonly referred to as censored data and often occurs when the response
variable is time to failure, e.g., accelerated life testing.

2. Their method suggested either using iterative least squares (ILS) to analyze censored data or the
initial fit is used to estimate the expected failure time for each censored observation.

3. The TOPSIS value for each trial and the optimal factor/level combination can be determined in the
following steps:

Apply equations (4) ~ (8) to compute the relative closeness of each trial.

The TOPSIS value in the ith trial is set to the designated value.

The factor effects based on the TOPSIS value are estimated.

Determine the optimal control factors and their levels.

4. The systems manager is in no case responsible for combining the experimental design techniques
with quality loss considerations and careful consideration of how the various factors affect
performance variation.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式商用英文技術報告 (32) (上)

強有力的商用英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述商用方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述商用機構對影響目標工業或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的商用環境:管理問題形成的商用環境背景描述。

* 介紹商用問題:商用問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹商用方案的目標:商用機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 商用方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 商用方案主要成果總結:商用方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 商用方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對商用機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

簡要的描述管理方案所關心的事項 Our project team expressed concern over how to analyze the market competitiveness of local pharmacies in Taiwan. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工業環境 Taiwanese living standards have dramatically risen in recent years, as evidenced by the availability of consumer goods, pursuit of cultural interests, and strong health consciousness. Public media emphasis on maintaining one’s health and the wide acceptance of nutritional supplements have pave the way for a health food products market, which is further promoted by the increasing popularity of genetically modified foods. The growth in daily consumption of health food products explains why, according to governmental statistics, medical and healthcare expenditures account for an increasing share of household consumption in Taiwan and, correspondingly, a rise in the number of local pharmacies established recently. A recent study on consumer trends in the health food products sector in Taiwan revealed not only that consumers prefer retail outlets over direct selling channels, but also that pharmacies are where consumers most often purchase health food products. While local pharmacies play a vital role in the island’s healthcare system, continuous changes in retail trends, commercial practices and the national health insurance scheme necessitate that pharmacists should remain abreast of marketing and promotional strategies to increase revenue profits. 介紹管理問題 Although the Taiwanese government has implemented separate frameworks for the medical and pharmaceutical sectors since 1997, the rate of hospital prescription drugs filled by pharmacies is extremely low. This trend explains why over-the-counter drug purchases, along with sanitary and other related medical products, have become major revenue for pharmacies. Local pharmacies have thus adopted a business model of one-stop shopping in recent years in which customers can purchase a wide array of medical and health food products. Despite the focus of empirical analysis of pharmacies in business management strategies, orientation of pharmacists on marketing practices, consumer purchasing behavior and pricing strategies, previous studies have not developed a forecasting model to help pharmaceutical managers increase their scope of effectiveness. The inability to accurately forecast medical and health care share of household consumption and the number of local pharmacies to be established makes it nearly impossible for managers to analyze market competition precisely and develop effective strategies. Unfortunately, conventional forecast methods rely on large quantities of data to predict medical and healthcare share of household consumption and the number of new pharmacies in coming years. When these methods are adopted, approaches such as line regression analysis and Time Series analysis depend on a regular pattern of data; however, accumulating such data is extremely difficult. Although twenty sources of data are available for healthcare expenditures per household consumption in Taiwan in recent years, only six sources of statistical data are available up to the present since the Taiwanese government implemented separate frameworks for the medical and pharmaceutical sectors.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

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學術刊物如何處理非英語期刊上已刋登的文稿的重複發表? (PART B)(研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 4/11/2015

Fresh water fountain

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 學術刊物如何處理非英語期刊上已刋登的文稿的重複發表? (PART B)(研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (447) Poster Presentation – How to?
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 10/4/2015 :
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (9/12)
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (32) (下)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

學術刊物如何處理非英語期刊上已刋登的文稿的重複發表? (PART B)(研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 在回覆信件中作者指出病例報告尚未提交給其他任何期刊。

* 該期刊的編輯分別聯繫了作者,要求他們作出解釋,並警告他們,如果未提供令人滿意的解釋,該期刊將取回病例報告。

* 兩位作者指出,以前的出版物不是一個科學的出版物。他們說,該期刊沒有編輯,沒有同行評議,也沒有簽署協議的作者。

* 但是,它是一個當地知名的期刊,它確實有一個編輯。

* 建議:雖然該期刊有理由收回文件,但應發表一個“重複發表的通知”。

* 筆者不當行為情況有兩個問題:(1)兩個文件作者署名權和(2)重複出版發行的文件。

* 該期刊的編輯應與作者的機構作進一步調查。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 7-42 )

學術英文投稿教學影片 (447) Poster Presentation – How to?
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 10/4/2015:
* Sử dụng động từ thay vì danh từ (Chỉnh sửa một cách chính xác) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn bản tiếng anh) (2/10)
* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (35): How to Use Mentors to Kick Start Your Academic Career
* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Y khoa đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (5) (phần 1)
* Nền tảng (Ví dụ: Radiotechnology)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (9/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. The two responses can be optimized on the basis of determination of the optimal settings for
factors B, C, D, E, F and G and to set factor A at level 1 and to set factor H at level 3.

10. The committee made a decision to set a new agenda and that the meeting should be adjourned.

11. The robust design focuses not only on collecting data accumulated from the designed experiment,
but also that the results obtained by using Taguchi’s two-step procedure are compared.

12. The proposed project is promising, creative, and has innovative ideas.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式工程英文技術報告 (32) (下)

介紹管理方案的目標 Therefore, we developed a control technology method for radiation patterns. 管理方案方法論的細節描述 The pattern direction was adjusted using an additional metal reflector from conventional patterns. However, this method increases the system size, which is inappropriate for portable device applications. Asymmetry of the antenna radiation patterns originates from various current distributions on the system ground plane and the antenna. Thus, cancelling the ground plane current can avert destructive interference in the far field. Next, out of phase ground plane current was changed to be in the phase current to produce interference in the far field. Additionally, the RF clock was placed into the system to filter out the phase current. Moreover, contracting the ground plane size was adopted to avoid an unnecessary ground current. 管理方案主要成果總結 Our results indicated that the proposed method can alter the location of the peak radiation power from *** to ***. Meanwhile, the antenna gain at *** can reach 0.5 dBi. 管理方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻Importantly, this modification can increase the communication distance, lower power consumption, and enhance communication quality. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

學術刊物如何處理非英語期刊上已刋登的文稿的重複發表? (PART A)(研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報

Matterhorn Riffelsee 2005-06-11

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 學術刊物如何處理非英語期刊上已刋登的文稿的重複發表? (PART A)(研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (446) Poster Presentation Practice & Feedback
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 9/4/2015
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (8/12)
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (32) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

學術刊物如何處理非英語期刊上已刋登的文稿的重複發表? (PART A)(研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 兩位作者提出了一個有趣的病例報告,但沒有用期刊的風格撰寫。

* 一旦改寫和重新提交的病例報告被送給同行評審,接受和發表。

* 作者之一的系主任然後寫信給期刊,說明該病例報告之前被刊登在一個非英語的期刊。

* 此外,該版本的病例報告(但不是最新版本),系主任被列為作者。

* 系主任沒有被要求同意或通知關於提交在英文期刊的病例報告。

* 檢查之後,編輯發現它似乎是相同的病例報告。

* 在以前的出版物,系主任被列為作者,連同提交病例報告給編輯的兩位作者。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 7-42 )

學術英文投稿教學影片 (446) Poster Presentation Practice & Feedback
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 9/4/2015

* Sử dụng động từ thay vì danh từ (Chỉnh sửa một cách chính xác) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn
bản tiếng anh) (1/10)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (34): How to be a Successful Digital Academic to Boost Your
Career

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Y khoa đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (4) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Radiotechnology)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (8/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. The maximum likelihood method is not only frequently used by statisticians, but also those having
limited statistical training find it difficult to comprehend.

6. Transforming the relative importance of each response into a fuzzy number consists of the
following steps:

(a) Express the relative importance of each response by a linguistic term.

(b) A formal scale system is established that can convert linguistic terms into their corresponding
fuzzy numbers.
(c) A conversion scale is found that matches all of the linguistic terms.

7. The numerical example concentrates mainly on illustration of the cases derived in the previous
section and demonstrating the effectiveness of the proposed model.

8. The most frequent issues encountered in multi-response problems are resolving the conflict among
responses, dealing with a different measurement unit for each response, and to assign a set of
weights to the current information about the relative response of each problem.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式工程英文技術報告 (32) (上)

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 Our group has thoroughly explored the increasing incidence of degraded performance of wireless communications. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 Wireless communications is increasingly popular, especially in mobile phone and USB dongle card applications. The antenna of these devices is arranged on the edge of a ground plane in a wireless system, making the antenna radiation patterns asymmetrical and the peak radiation power moving towards the system ground. For instance, in mobile phones, the human hand absorbs peak radiation power, subsequently degrading communication quality and shortening the range of communication. 介紹管理問題 However, an increased power consumption reduces usable time of mobile phones. For wireless devices, the peak radiation power is located at *** and the antenna gain at *** plane is lower than O dBi. Additionally, radiation power of 50% in a human hand makes the communication distance only half that of the theoretical value, which is estimated in free space. Asymmetrical characteristics of the patterns consume an excessive amount of power, thus degrading the performance of wireless communications.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

“我在研究論文中被點名感謝,但我應該是一個作家”(PART B) (研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 4/9/2015

Comet-Hale-Bopp-29-03-1997 hires adj

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:

* “我在研究論文中被點名感謝,但我應該是一個作家”(PART B) (研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (445) Evaluating Sources
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 8/4/2015
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (7/12)
* 非正式商用英文技術報告 (31) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

“我在研究論文中被點名感謝,但我應該是一個作家”(PART B) (研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 但筆者堅持認為投訴人對論文的形成沒有作用。

* 因雙方無法達成協議,該期刊編輯不能確定是拒絕還是接受投訴。

* 該期刊可以收回的文件,如果這起糾紛不能得到解決。

* 另外,該期刊的編輯可能會發布關於作者和投訴人無法通過編輯來解決之間爭端的通知。

* 建議:這是一個作家的爭端和編輯,不能指望編輯解決此問題。編輯不是來解決著作權糾紛。

* 本文不應該被收回。該期刊的編輯甚至可以發表作者署名有爭議的通知。

* 在未來,期刊編輯應該確認被點名感謝的人都知道此事,並且同意被列入。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 8-07 )

學術英文投稿教學影片 (445) Evaluating Sources
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 8/4/2015:

* Sử dụng thường xuyên thì chủ động (Chỉnh sửa một cách chính xác) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn
bản tiếng anh) (12/12)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (33): Turning your PhD into a book

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Y khoa đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (Ví dụ: ) (4) (phần 1)

* Nền tảng (Ví dụ: Radiotechnology)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (7/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. Yum and Ko [1] made a recommendation of starting with Taguchi’s two-step procedure and that the
transformation be applied in case (C1) is not satisfied.

2. The factors are in some cases identified, estimated, and easy for implementation.

3. Either the design factors should be examined or implementation of the two-step procedure should
not be made.

4. The proposed procedure is simpler than conventional methods and analyzes an experiment with singly
censored data.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式商用英文技術報告 (31) (下)

強有力的商用英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述商用方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述商用機構對影響目標工業或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的商用環境:管理問題形成的商用環境背景描述。

* 介紹商用問題:商用問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹商用方案的目標:商用機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 商用方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 商用方案主要成果總結:商用方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 商用方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對商用機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

介紹管理方案的目標 Therefore, we devised an administrative procedure for classifying and simplifying forms to pay insurance premiums and file other insurance-related claims in Taiwan’s National Health Insurance (NHI) scheme. A database containing detailed information of NHI insurance holders can also be accessed while ensuring the confidentiality of such information, thus reducing administrative costs and the number of personnel involved. 管理方案方法論的細節描述Three insurance claim-related forms were developed to reduce the redundancy of the more than thirty existing ones, thereby reducing data processing significantly. A highly restricted networked-based system was then accessed to ensure the confidentiality of NIH customer data and also reduce the amount of paperwork that insurance holders must submit. 管理方案主要成果總結 According to our results, the proposed administrative procedure can streamline the process of filing insurance-related claims by simplifying the form procedure and enable access to relevant customer data on line in an efficient manner. 管理方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻 Importantly, the proposed procedure can significantly reduce not only the amount of time to fill out insurance claims, but also postage fees owing to the ability of the network-based system to accelerate data processing. (NOTE : Add 2 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

“我在研究論文中被點名感謝,但我應該是一個作家”(PART A) (研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 4/8/2015

Adams The Tetons and the Snake River

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* “我在研究論文中被點名感謝,但我應該是一個作家”(PART A) (研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (444) Peer review in 3 minutes
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 7/4/2015
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (6/12)
* 非正式商用英文技術報告 (31) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

“我在研究論文中被點名感謝,但我應該是一個作家”(PART A) (研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 一個在手稿上被點名感謝的人寫信給編輯,並聲稱他應該被命名為一個作家,由於他的分析和解釋數據。

* 目前已明確雙方有一些研究報告之間的數據交換。

* 在一個點上,第一作者起先提供給投訴人作者署名權。然而在手稿被提交給期刊後,第一作者堅稱他們沒有使用投訴人的任何
分析或解釋,但他們起先是願意提供作者署名權。

* 投訴人拒絕了因為作者沒有考慮他值得署名權的貢獻。

* 不過,投訴人沒有看到提交給期刊最新版本的手稿。

* 主要作者可能已經使用了投訴人的想法,因為發表的論文確實使用了投訴人曾建議作出的解釋。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 8-07 )

學術英文投稿教學影片 (444) Peer review in 3 minutes
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 7/4/2015 :

* Sử dụng thường xuyên thì chủ động (Chỉnh sửa một cách chính xác) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn
bản tiếng anh) (11/12)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (32): Global Academic Careers: Exploring International
Opportunities

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (Ví dụ: ) (6) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Biotechnology)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (6/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. The proposed optimization procedure is made up of the following steps:
Step 1: Transform the relative importance of each response into a fuzzy number.
Step 2: Crisp scores must be assigned to the selected conversion scale.
Step 3: The quality loss is computed.
Step 4: Determine the TOPSIS value for each trial.
Step 5: The optimal factor/level combination must be determined.
Step 6: The confirmation experiment is conducted.

10. Wee [11] made a further extension of the conventional model to allow for shortages and assuming that the demand rate would decrease exponentially.

11. The relative closeness computed in TOPSIS can be used to assess the performance measurement and optimizing multi-response problems in the Taguchi method.

12. The experiment focused on determination of how process parameters affect the silicon nitride deposition process and to satisfy the industrial requirements.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式商用英文技術報告 (31) (上)

強有力的商用英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述商用方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述商用機構對影響目標工業或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的商用環境:管理問題形成的商用環境背景描述。

* 介紹商用問題:商用問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹商用方案的目標:商用機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 商用方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 商用方案主要成果總結:商用方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 商用方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對商用機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

簡要的描述管理方案所關心的事項 Our group has thoroughly explored the difficulty in reducing the amount of human resources involved in handling insurer and claimant errors. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工業環境 Complex administrative procedures within Taiwan’s National Health Insurance (NHI) scheme have led to errors in insurance claims and much inefficiency. For instance, adhering to all NHI regulations would require filling out nearly thirty forms, depending on various commercial demands, e.g., insurance claims, salary readjustment, and modification of insurer’s/claimant’s name. 介紹管理問題 With subsequent errors made over confusion in filling out appropriate forms, the NHI staff spends much time in handling errors and then requesting insurers and claimants to amend erroneous information. Despite the enormous amount of administrative time and costs involved in handling these errors, this growing concern and its larger implications have not been addressed in previous literature. The inability to gradually reduce the amount of human resources involved in handling insurer and claimant errors and simplify administrative procedures as well as NHI forms will lead not only to higher operational costs at NHI but eventually higher insurance premiums.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

高階期刊的一篇文章不當使用較低階期刊的研究發表 (PART B)(研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 4/7/2015

Macroglossum stellatarum

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 高階期刊的一篇文章不當使用較低階期刊的研究發表 (PART B)(研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (443) Literature Reviews: An Overview for Graduate Students
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 4/6/2015
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5/12)
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (31) (下)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

高階期刊的一篇文章不當使用較低階期刊的研究發表 (PART B)(研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 問題:期刊A應同意期刊B的作者發布回應? *這樣的回應將有關之前發表文件的數據和假設。

* 問題:期刊A應調查論文同行評審的過程,以解決該科學家的關注?

* 建議:同行評議一般在檢測欺詐或大多數形式的不當行為上無效。所以同行評審不應該是這個問題的焦點。

* 如果沒有監察員調查,作者應該接受期刊A的建議,把意見張貼在其網站上發表。

* 作者應該投訴到編輯,並要求他公佈他們的反應;然而,編輯不能強制公佈這樣的信。

* 如果筆者仍然認為編輯不公平的對待他們,那麼他們可以向一個更高的權威申訴,或許出版商和研究社群,如果它是一個研究社群上的
期刊。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 8-26)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (443) Literature Reviews: An Overview for Graduate Students
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 4/6/2015 :

* Sử dụng thường xuyên thì chủ động (Chỉnh sửa một cách chính xác) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn
bản tiếng anh) (10/12)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (31): Effective Phd seminars

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (Ví dụ: ) (6) (phần 1)

* Nền tảng (Ví dụ: Biotechnology)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. The standard procedure is for all intents and purposes inefficient, impractical, and creates problems.

6. Ullman [1989] not only used the Analysis of Means (ANOM) to study the mean response, but also a further
extension of the ANOM was made to analyze dispersion effects.

7. The Taguchi Method deals with a one-dimensional problem and multi-dimensional problems are handled by
TOPSIS.

8. The calculations are performed either to get a revised least squares fit or expected failure times are
estimated for the censored values.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式工程英文技術報告 (31) (下)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

介紹管理方案的目標 Therefore, we developed a high-speed and low-power divider. 管理方案方法論的細節描述The iterations of generating a quotient was significantly reduced by a high-radix arithmetic system. The operations of addition were then eliminated with a non-restoring algorithm. Next, the power dissipation was diminished via a domino logic circuit. 管理方案主要成果總結 According to our results, the proposed divider using a high-radix arithmetic system and a non-restoring algorithm is 35% faster than conventional dividers. Moreover, the divider based on a domino logic circuit can decrease power dissipation by 15%. 管理方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻 Furthermore, in addition to providing further insight into developing a high-speed and low-power divider, the proposed scheme can be easily implemented in portable devices owing to its low-power consumption. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

高階期刊的一篇文章不當使用較低階期刊的研究發表 (PART A)(研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 4/6/2015

Catedral de Segovia

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 高階期刊的一篇文章不當使用較低階期刊的研究發表 (PART A)(研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (442) Construct a theme for your literature review
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 5/4/2015:
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (4/12)
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (31) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

高階期刊的一篇文章不當使用較低階期刊的研究發表 (PART A)(研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 高階期刊(期刊A)一份發表文件嚴重使用在一個較低期刊(期刊B)的研究發表文件。

* 一個在期刊B論文的作者已經聯繫期刊A的編輯,表達了他的擔憂;其他幾個在該領域高階的科學家也已經表達了他們的擔憂。

* 這些科學家已分別要求期刊調查有問題文件同行評審過程。

* 在期刊B文章的作者還要求期刊A的編輯是否他可以寫一篇文章,並發表在期刊上說明相關情況。

* 期刊A否認了這一請求,而是建議作者在期刊A的網站發表評論。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 8-26)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (442) Construct a theme for your literature review
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 5/4/2015:

* Sử dụng thường xuyên thì chủ động (Chỉnh sửa một cách chính xác) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn
bản tiếng anh) (9/12)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (30): Academic Writing-Helen Sword

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (Ví dụ: ) (5) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Biotechnology)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (4/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. Conventional approaches offer an explanation of this phenomenon and providing alternative strategies to
solve the problem.

2. Their approach involves converting fuzzy data into crisp scores and to determine the ranking order of
alternatives.

3. Crisp scores are assigned to the selected conversion scale (fuzzy number) for the purpose of applying a
fuzzy scoring method and normalization of the scores.

4. The project concentrates mainly on reduction of the dependence between the sample mean and the sample
standard deviation and that an efficient procedure capable of attaining the minimum quality loss is
developed.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式工程英文技術報告 (31) (上)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 Our recent effort addressed how to remain abreast of the current trends in developing a high-speed and low-power divider. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 Computer architectures simplify complex arithmetic operations using a float-point process unit (FPU). 介紹管理問題 While many FPUs adopt a divider to achieve high-speed arithmetic operations, conventional dividers expend numerous basic arithmetic operations, including addition, subtraction and generation of a quotient. The execution time and power dissipation of a divider positively correlate with the number of basic operations, explaining why this divider consumes much time and power. (NOTE : For instance, a conventional divider requires m/2 additions, m subtractions and m shifts to produce the m-bit quotient. The time-consuming feature limits clock speed of the embedded divider. Portable devices have difficulty in using the conventional divider owing to high-power dissipation, necessitating the development of a high-speed and low-power divider.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

學術刊物如何處理嚴重抄襲的情況? (PART A)(研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 4/5/2015

IceBlockNearJoekullsarlon

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 學術刊物如何處理嚴重抄襲的情況? (PART A)(研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (440) Literature Review Productivity- The Pomodoro Technique
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym:
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (2/12)
* 非正式商用英文技術報告 (30) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

學術刊物如何處理嚴重抄襲的情況? (PART A)(研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 文章被提交到期刊並找來同行評審,評審之一指出,許多句子和文章是由他以前寫的書中逐字複製。

* 該期刊的編輯要求審稿人提供他以前寫的書內容。

* 比較投稿與審稿人提供的刊物後,期刊編輯的結論發現提交的文稿有嚴重抄襲。

* 編輯通過電子郵件聯繫通訊作者,並要求在一周內作出解釋。

* 在限期內通訊作者回應,但編輯也沒找到滿意的解釋。

* 該期刊主編隨即聯繫相應的作者的機構,但並沒有從他們得到回應,儘管期刊主編已經再發出一些提醒郵件。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 8-27)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (440) Literature Review Productivity- The Pomodoro Technique
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym:

* Sử dụng thường xuyên thì chủ động (Chỉnh sửa một cách chính xác) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn
bản tiếng anh) (8/12)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (28): Scientific writing: Why are facts not enough?

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (Ví dụ: ) (4) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Biotechnology)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (2/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. Experimental design is used in this method to arrange the design parameters and noise factors in the
orthogonal arrays and computing the signal-to-noise (SN) ratio based on the quality loss for each
experimental combination.

6. The relative importance of each response can be transformed into a fuzzy number through means of the
establishment of a formal scale system that can be used to convert linguistic terms into their
corresponding fuzzy numbers and to express the relative importance of each response by the linguistic
term.

7. The Taguchi approach provides a combination of experimental design techniques with quality loss
considerations and that the average quadratic loss is minimized.

8. The conventional approach happens to be cumbersome, complicated and wastes too much time.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式商用英文技術報告 (30) (上)

強有力的商用英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述商用方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述商用機構對影響目標工業或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的商用環境:管理問題形成的商用環境背景描述。

* 介紹商用問題:商用問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹商用方案的目標:商用機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 商用方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 商用方案主要成果總結:商用方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 商用方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對商用機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

簡要的描述管理方案所關心的事項 Our recent effort addressed how to adopt the 4P method in order to enhance marketing practices of cosmetics manufacturers. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工業環境 Globalization of the cosmetics sector is widespread in most industrialized countries. 介紹管理問題 Taiwan’s biotechnology industry has rapidly evolved in recent years, subsequently increasing marketing efforts in the local cosmetics sector, which originally focused only on healthcare products. For instance, according to the Industrial Technology Research Institute, revenues from the local cosmetics sector ranged between 1 billion and 7 hundred million U.S. dollars to 1 billion and 8 hundred million U.S. dollars in 2002.. This figure contrasts with the 7 hundred million U.S. dollars for the health food market and 9 hundred million U.S. dollars for the food testing experiment market. Many female consumers regard cosmetics as a daily necessity, as reflected by the wide array of cosmetic brands in the competitive market. Given the enormous female consumer demand and intense competition, manufacturers must more thoroughly understand the consumer purchasing behavior of this market niche. Cosmetic manufacturers are concerned not only with marketing practices, but also with the potential lowering of product and service quality, necessitating the adoption of 4P method. Despite receiving considerable attention in conventional marketing, the 4P method has seldom been explored with respect to its effectiveness in cosmetics marketing practices in order to enhance the competitiveness and market share of related manufacturers. The failure of cosmetics manufacturers to adopt the 4P method in its marketing practices will make it less competitive in promoting its market share as well as products and services.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

學術出版商應該如何處理作者沒有請求允許就使用他們的出版物內容? (PART A)(研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 4/2/2015

Common blue damselfly02

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 學術出版商應該如何處理作者沒有請求允許就使用他們的出版物內容? (PART A)(研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (438) How to use a literature review matrix
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 1/4/2015
* 代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (12/12)
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (30) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

學術出版商應該如何處理作者沒有請求允許就使用他們的出版物內容? (PART A)(研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

*發表在瑞士的德語書的一章幾乎完全使用作者醫療寫作的教學書內容。

*本章開頭感謝作者和他的網站也指出另外一個具體的參考。

*但是,一張圖及表是從作者之前一本書直接拷貝複製而沒有說明來源。

*幾個具體的概念也是從作者的作品而來。

*章節的作者沒有尋求從作者或他圖書出版商的許可。

*章節的作者向出版商聯絡,並說這項工作不是抄襲而是一種尊敬。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 8-30)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (438) How to use a literature review matrix
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 1/4/2015 :

* Sử dụng thường xuyên thì chủ động (Chỉnh sửa một cách chính xác) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn bản
tiếng anh) (7/12)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (26): Scientific writing: beyond tips and tricks

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học thương mại đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (Ví dụ: ) (6) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Healthcare Management)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (12/12)

如果代名詞所指的人物或事物不能交待清楚,也是徒增讀者困惑。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. Besides their method relying on the existence of MLEs, it does not consider the variability of control
factors.

10. Inventory replenishment policies are considered for deteriorating items in a declining market under a
continuous price increase. They lead to a differential equation that describes the system’s inventory
dynamics.

11. Driving a car and talking on a cellular phone at the same time is dangerous; this could cause an
accident.

12. When different approaches employ variables to implement the procedure, they encounter several obstacles.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式工程英文技術報告 (30) (上)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

簡要的描述管理方案所關心的事項 Our recent project examined how to ensure smooth time-to-market delivery of advanced technology products. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 Time-to-market delivery in semiconductor manufacturing is of priority concern in advanced R&D technology development. Ensuring that products reach time-to-market delivery goals requires that operational managers and fabrication (fab) personnel fully support R&D experimental lots (R&D Lot). Nevertheless, capacity shortage in a wafer fab fails to comply with output requirements of customers, leading to delays in the R&D lot schedule and the overall project. 介紹管理問題 Although an output-driven fab normally adopts Move and Turn Rates as key performance indicators (KPI), such indicators fail to assess the actual performance of R&D lots in monitoring R&D experiments and ensuring (exact OR prompt) experimental delivery. Fab managers are also interested in the overall R&D cycle time instead of local movement and turn rate indices, subsequently creating a conflict among indices between R&D and fab operations. For instance, the error rate exceeds 25% when using the conventional method of T/R or Cycle time per mask layer (days). Although managers are also concerned with solutions, the long cycle time of a R&D lot creates vague responsibilities the wafer fab and R&D, necessitating the development of a feasible cycle time model. As for the total cycle time of a R&D Lot, TCTRD, consists of fab-run RD lot time (TCTFab) and R&D development handling time (HT_RD). Restated, TCTRD= TCTFab + HT_RD. Vague responsibilities and inadequate indices may delay the lot schedule and impede time-to-market delivery of advanced technology products.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

期刊如何處理發表的論文是由另一位作者出版的另一篇論文的完整副本? (PART B)(研究出版倫理)研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 4/1/2015

Flaming cocktails

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 期刊如何處理發表的論文是由另一位作者出版的另一篇論文的完整副本? (PART B)(研究出版倫理)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (437) Literature review before and after a project
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 31/03/2015
* 代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (11/12)
* 非正式商用英文技術報告 (29) (下)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

期刊如何處理發表的論文是由另一位作者出版的另一篇論文的完整副本? (PART B)(研究出版倫理)(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 期刊中寫信給作者的機構,但沒有收到回應。

* 我們的期刊取回第一次發表文章。

* 我們的期刊還獲悉7本期刊在我們的領域不接受這個人或他的團隊的任何文件。

* 建議:既然審稿並沒有確定是否抄襲,也許這審稿要追究有關可能的行為。

* 該期刊應告知任何作者所屬專業學會或協會。

* 該期刊的編輯也可以說明證明該期刊的系統工作沒有問題,且不會容忍這種期刊行為失當。

Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE) (Case No. 9-01)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (437) Literature review before and after a project
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 31/03/2015:

* Những câu hỏi phỏng vấn học thuật dành cho du học và nghiên cứu (Phần 2)

– Giới thiệu kinh nghiệm làm việc và nghiên cứu

– Mô tả các hoạt động ngoại khóa có liên quan đến việc học tập

– Mô tả đặc tính cá nhân có liên quan đến việc học tập

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (25): Scientific writing tips

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học thương mại đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (Ví dụ: ) (6) (phần 1)

* Nền tảng (Ví dụ: Healthcare Management)

Vietnam Online Writing Lab
Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (11/12)

如果代名詞所指的人物或事物不能交待清楚,也是徒增讀者困惑。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. Increasing parameter k increases the optimal ordering quantity. This affects the total optimal total
system cost.

6. An optimal inventory policy which considers the simultaneous effects of deterioration and inflation should
be developed.

7. Optimizing a large-scale problem to demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach is problematic
when it adopts the integer programming model.

8. The uniformity of the output was unstable, which made it impossible for engineers to adjust the process
parameters when the wafer quality did not match the required specifications.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式商用英文技術報告 (29) (下)

強有力的商用英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述商用方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述商用機構對影響目標工業或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的商用環境:管理問題形成的商用環境背景描述。

* 介紹商用問題:商用問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹商用方案的目標:商用機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 商用方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 商用方案主要成果總結:商用方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 商用方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對商用機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

介紹管理方案的目標 Therefore, we created a marketing strategy for hospitals that emphasizes identifying and satisfying patient needs from a customer’s perspective. 管理方案方法論的細節描述 Factor analysis of a customer’s needs was performed through personal interviews. Those results were then analyzed, along with vital factors identified as well. 管理方案主要成果總結 According to our results, the proposed marketing strategy can increase the elongation of customer’s content by over 10% through hospital marketing by significantly reducing overhead costs and work time. 管理方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻 Results of this study provide a valuable reference for hospital managers attempting to develop an optimization procedure for implementing marketing practices precisely. (NOTE : Add 2 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: