Category Archives: peer review

如何評審期刊文章 (PART B) 研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 11/15/2015

Tour Eiffel IMG 2159

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 如何評審期刊文章 (PART B)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(657) Planning Your Research Proposal
* 動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (9 / 10 )
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (128) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

如何評審期刊文章 (PART B)

* 指出拼寫,語法和寫作風格錯誤。

* 指出期刊文章上的表達問題 – 文章的主要論點為何?

– 是否明確組織文章?

– 是否提供足夠的證據證明在研究論文介紹部份中所提出的論點聲明?

Source: How to Give Advice on a Peer’s Paper (patthomson)

學術英文投稿教學影片(657) Planning Your Research Proposal
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (9 / 10 )

句子冗贅的原因也可能是使用太多的名詞,通常這些名詞是由動詞轉化來的,而結果是使動詞更無力,此部份會在第四單元詳論。此外,過份的濫用名詞也帶來了多餘的介係詞。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. How to adjust the multiple settings of the process parameters was outside of the knowledge of the engineers.

2. Standardization of the accreditation procedures was achieved by the committee.

3. For optimization of the conditions for robust design problems, the applicability of a novel
approach is performed in this study.

4. An experiment of the PCVD process in the IC manufacturing field is required of the
engineer.

5. Significant contributions by the proposed procedure are made to the manufacturing sector.

6. Transformation of the structure is achieved by strict control of the variables.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* Mô tả kiến thức, kỹ năng và khả năng lãnh đạo mà cá nhân thu được (phần 2) (Kỹ năng viết đơn xin việc) (Giới thiệu kinh nghiệm làm việc và nghiên cứu)
* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (290): Duke University Student Chat – Academics and Research
* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (73) (phần 2)
* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Electrical Engineeering)
非正式工程英文技術報告 (128) (上)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 Our recent effort investigated how to integrate a wireless LAN environment with mobile phone design. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 Internet hot spots enable online access in many public areas, including airports, campuses and theaters. 介紹管理問題 However, the commonly adopted authentication, authorization and accounting (AAA) procedure is too complex. For instance, customers at McDonalds stand in line with others purchasing food to buy an ID/password card for one hour use. After the user’s computer is turned on and the browser is opened, the ID/password on the card is entered for authentication and authorization. The entire process may last more then 10 minutes. After an hour passes, the user must stand in line again and repeat the process. Such complexity seriously inhibits consumer desire to use wireless LAN in public places. Given the popularity of mobile phone use, the inability to develop an efficient AAA procedure that uses a wireless LAN environment integrated with mobile phone design seriously falls below consumer expectations.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

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如何評審期刊文章 (PART A) 研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 11/14/2015

Bateleur Eagle

Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞
研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 如何評審期刊文章 (PART A)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(656) Writing a research proposal
* 動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (8 / 10 )
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (127) (下)
如何評審期刊文章 (PART A)
* 總結期刊文章主要論點。
* 確定某個特定領域或期刊上文章的理論和實際貢獻。
* 確定期刊上文章長處
* 指出有關具體問題的內容。列出每個問題在期刊上的文章引用頁碼。
Source: How to Give Advice on a Peer’s Paper (patthomson)
學術英文投稿教學影片(656) Writing a research proposal
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (8 / 10 )

句子冗贅的原因也可能是使用太多的名詞,通常這些名詞是由動詞轉化來的,而結果是使動詞更無力,此部份會在第四單元詳論。此外,過份的濫用名詞也帶來了多餘的介係詞。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

6. The fact that the attributes must be numerical and comparable is stipulated by TOPSIS.

7. The relative closeness computed in TOPSIS can be used as a performance assessment of multi-
response problems in the Taguchi method.

8. Measurement of each response must be carefully made by the standard.

9. Systematic optimization of the problem is the focus of this section.

10. Determination from the experience of an engineer shows how much pressure is affected by
time.

11. Further analysis of the facility is necessary for the practitioner to make an adjustment of
the parameter settings.

12. Minimization of A and B levels can be achieved by setting factors A and B at A2.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

<strong>Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym

* Mô tả kiến thức, kỹ năng và khả năng lãnh đạo mà cá nhân thu được (phần 1) (Kỹ năng viết đơn xin việc) (Giới thiệu kinh nghiệm làm việc và nghiên cứu)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (289): Teaching Critical Thinking

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (73) (phần 1)

* Nền tảng (Ví dụ: Electrical Engineeering)

非正式工程英文技術報告 (127) (下)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

介紹管理方案的目標 Therefore, we developed a centralized multimedia advertising system, capable of using a client-server architecture that enables advertising staff to replace the advertising contents for numerous multimedia advertising clients simultaneously through a centralized server. 管理方案方法論的細節描述 Various networking capabilities were implemented in a multimedia advertising system to support not only wired networks, e.g., Ethernet LAN, but also wireless ones, e.g., WLAN, PHS, GPRS and CDMA. A network management program was then developed to facilitate a dynamic switch among all networking capabilities under various environmental constraints. Next, an administrative program was implemented in the server, allowing a user to send updated multimedia advertising contents to all clients. Additionally, a receiver program was executed for each client to continuously update multimedia advertising contents from the server. Moreover, a current status program was executed for each client to calculate the display time, analyze the status of the client, and report all results to the server. 管理方案主要成果總結 According to our results, the centralized multimedia advertising system with a client-server architecture can enable staff to continuously and simultaneously update multimedia advertising contents for all clients from a centralized server, thus reducing the amount of personnel and company resources required to do so. 管理方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻 In addition to providing shopping malls and department stores with an efficient means of continuously updating multimedia advertising contents, the proposed system can ultimately increase company profits. Moreover, the diverse networking ability of the proposed system can adopt itself to various network environments, thus streamlining efforts to deploy numerous multimedia advertisement clients in shopping malls and department stores.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

為什麼你應該寫信給期刊編輯來批判已刊登的文章 (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 9/30/2015

Pippit-closer

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 為什麼你應該寫信給期刊編輯來批判已刊登的文章
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(611) How to Summarize & Critically Respond to an Article
* 再次檢查錯誤的比較詞及粗心的疏漏 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (6 / 12)
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (104) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

為什麼你應該寫信給期刊編輯來批判已刊登的文章

* 寫信給期刊編輯可以發展至關重要的寫作和溝通能力,這比只在小組討論及批判文章的效果更好。

* 寫600-800字,只包含兩到三個要點是一個學習如何寫簡潔文字的好方法,以及如何提高你的編輯技能。你可以盡可能簡短而批判您已經閱讀文章。

* 寫信給期刊編輯現在比以前更有效率。以前,你的批判文章可能要等一年或一年以上才會在期刊出現,現今72小時後,編輯已可收到你的來信。

* 寫信給期刊編輯的目的不是要得到期刊文章作者承認錯誤。寫信給期刊編輯的目的是在讓整個研究社會(區)有自行批判能力。

* 寫信給期刊編輯可能會導致其他研究人員聯繫你,並可能在未來與他們合作。因此,它可能是一個建立網路連結的好辦法。

* 寫信給期刊編輯同時是給作者發送重要信息,讓他們不要輕易發表不準確的研究結果。

Source: Why You Should Write Letters to Journal Editors(jamescoynequickthoughts)

學術英文投稿教學影片(611) How to Summarize & Critically Respond to an Article
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
再次檢查錯誤的比較詞及粗心的疏漏 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (6 / 12)

不合邏輯及不完整的比較詞造成更多的含糊不清,同時注意不小心漏掉的字。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. Kaiser et al. (5) more thoroughly described the fusion reaction.

10. I respect the teacher more than him.

11. The CF method is as reliable, if not more reliable than, THI method.

12. C&C analysis is only appropriate for parts that easily recognized.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym

* Kết hợp “viết chính xác” và “viết rõ ràng“ (2/6) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn bản tiếng anh)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (241): Form A Question: SQ3R

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (48) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Electrical Engineering)

非正式工程英文技術報告 (104) (上)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素
:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 Our recent effort addressed how to abate the increasing incidence of a relatively long recovery time of conventionally adopted PLL CDR to PON systems. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 In high-speed optical communications, the clock and data recovery (CDR) circuit is largely responsible for recovery of the clock used to sample the data bits. The signal stream in point-to-point communication systems such as SONET is continuous; otherwise, during the idle time, some synchronization bits are transmitted to maintain the bit-level synchronization between the transmitter and the receiver. In these systems, CDR based on Phase Lock Loop (PLL) design is widely recognized as the optimal solution. PLL-based CDR has been increasingly studied to remain apace of higher data rate system requirements. Time division multiplexing (TDM) passive optical network (PON) is a promising means of resolving bottlenecks in broadband access. Among the standards specified and the most widely accepted ones include Ethernet PON and Gigabit PON standardized by IEEE and ITUT-T, respectively. In these TDM PON systems, the upstream traffic aggregating to the optical line terminal consists of bursts from various optical network units. 介紹管理問題Therefore, recovering a clock in a relatively short time to increase efficiency is problematic given that the burst length in conventional PON systems is no longer than thousands of bits. Applying the conventionally adopted PLL CDR to PON systems is problematic given its relatively long recovery time. For instance, a commercially available PLL-CDR chip used in a legacy continuous optical link generally takes two thousand bits to lock its voltage controlled oscillator (VCO) to the incoming data in both phase and frequency. This long locking time appears to be intolerable for systems like PON.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART D) 研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 9/19/2015

Eastern Grey Squirrel in St James's Park, London - Nov 2006 edit

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART D)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(600) Classic disasters in academic writing
* 去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (7 / 12)
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (98) (下)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART D)

*回應

– 在可能和適當的情況下,說明針對你原來論文可能潛在的問題所增加的內容。

– 承認任何可能發生在你的手稿或空間上的限制或錯誤。

– 感謝您的評審對論文作出了積極的評價,但重點放在如何應對負面評論。

*審閱
嘗試使用任何以往作為一個評審的經驗,以了解您稿件被評審的過程。
尋找做為評審的機會,讓您可以更好地理解這個評審過程。

Source: Rational Responses to Referees (theresearchwhisperer)

學術英文投稿教學影片(600) Classic disasters in academic writing
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (7 / 12)

修飾語必須放在所要修飾的字之旁。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. To keep in shape, exercise is a must for an athlete.

2. When an engineer, customer satisfaction should be attempted.

3. After simulating a real environment, a consensus was reached.

4. Being radioactive, the technician handled the materials with extreme care.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym

* Kiểm tra các lỗi và thiếu sót bất cẩn và so sánh với lần đầu (12/12) (Chỉnh sửa cho rõ rang) (Đào tạo
chỉnh sửa trong viết văn bản tiếng anh)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (230): Speed Reading Techniques for Textbooks

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (43) (phần 1)

* Nền tảng (Ví dụ: Information Techniology)

非正式工程英文技術報告 (98) (下)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

介紹管理方案的目標 Therefore, we developed an inspection system to identify defects in silicon-based solar cells, in particular unqualified cells, by locating them and calculating the percentage of the defective area immediately. The proposed system consists of near-infrared (NIR) image sensing electronic circuits and a data processing control computer in real time. 管理方案方法論的細節描述 Solar cell performance was evaluated using the I-V curve. If the I-V curve represents inadequate electrical power behavior, the grain structure was then observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to identify the problem. Next, before I-V testing for solar cell defects, the proposed inspection system was implemented to identify the defective area for the entire solar cell rapidly. Additionally, the percentage of the defective area in the entire solar cell module was determined immediately owing to the real time data processing control computer of the proposed system, making it feasible to locate unqualified cells without constructing an I-V curve. 管理方案主要成果總結 According to our results, the proposed inspection system can locate defects immediately and determine the detailed reason for defects in the grain structure by using SEMS. 管理方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻 Importantly, the proposed inspection system for solar cell defects is highly efficient in terms of identifying defective areas. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART C) 研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 9/18/2015

Sunset-cartagena-tower-Igvir

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART C)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(599) 50 Years of Research on Writing: What Have We Learned?
* 去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (6 / 12)
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (98) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART C)

*理解和解釋評審的意見

-您的同事可以幫助解釋評審的意見和檢討你的回應。

*回應

– 要清晰,簡潔答复審稿人的意見。

– 具體說明在什麼部分您對原稿所做的更改。

Source: Rational Responses to Referees (theresearchwhisperer)

學術英文投稿教學影片(599) 50 Years of Research on Writing: What Have We Learned?
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (6 / 12)

修飾語必須放在所要修飾的字之旁。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. When a research assistant, my colleague helped me conduct many experiments.

10. To calibrate the instruments, accuracy should be emphasized.

11. To measure the boundary parameters, precision must be incorporated.

12. When preparing for an interview, background information of that company should be researched.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym

* Kiểm tra các lỗi và thiếu sót bất cẩn và so sánh với lần đầu (11/12) (Chỉnh sửa cho rõ rang) (Đào tạo
chỉnh sửa trong viết văn bản tiếng anh)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (229): How To Remember More of What You Read

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (42) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Information Techniology)

非正式工程英文技術報告 (98) (上)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 Our working group has become increasingly intrigued with how to identify defects in silicon-based solar cells. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 Despite the ability of SEM to identify the grain structure of a solar cell, the area that it scans is relatively small for the entire solar cell. As constructing I-V curve data requires time for testing, a wafer must be scanned many times using SEM to cover the entire area. 介紹管理問題 However, the conventional procedure to identify defective cells in a module is laborious and time consuming. 介紹管理問題 (NOTE: Quantify the problem to be solved) The inability to identify defects in silicon-based solar cells, especially unqualified cells, makes it impossible to calculate the percentage of the defective area immediately.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART B) 研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 9/17/2015

Pisaura mirabilis Listspinne

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART B)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(598) Effective Writing for Scholarly Work
* 去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5 / 12)
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym:
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (97) (下)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART B)

*理解和解釋評審的意見

-看一些評審在其單獨報告中作出的批評。這將有助於你了解其中的意義。

-尋找積極評價,讓您可以更好地了解你論文的優勢。嘗試使用這些優勢。

-有系統整理每個評審的批評,不要忽視正面的評價,或過分注重負面評論。

-小心審閱建議當評審建議你改變研究題目時。即使批評可能是合理的,應對您所選擇的研究目標充滿信心。一定要感謝評審的建議,因為其提供未來研究的可能發展方向。

Source: Rational Responses to Referees (theresearchwhisperer)

學術英文投稿教學影片(598) Effective Writing for Scholarly Work
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5 / 12)

修飾語必須放在所要修飾的字之旁。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. The technology has been advanced to satisfy consumer demand in recent years.

6. After considering the consumer reaction, which is volatile in the early stages of development, a decrease in production output was his decision.

7. When only seventeen years old, the university president granted her a doctorate degree.

8. To fully understand a lecture, note taking skills must be developed by the seminar participant.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym

* Kiểm tra các lỗi và thiếu sót bất cẩn và so sánh với lần đầu (10/12) (Chỉnh sửa cho rõ rang) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn bản tiếng anh)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (228): How To Improve Your Reading Comprehension

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (42) (phần 1)

* Nền tảng (Ví dụ: Information Techniology)

非正式工程英文技術報告 (97) (下)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

介紹管理方案的目標 Therefore, we developed an injection molding method, capable of accurately estimating shrinkage defects during product manufacturing. 管理方案方法論的細節描述 Shrinkage of wafer products was reduced based on mold shrinkage compensation. The shrinkage compensation rates for various materials were then determined via simulation. Next, design and manufacturing time was significantly lowered by using those compensation rates, which are stored in a database made available for engineers. 管理方案主要成果總結 Our results indicated that the proposed injection molding method can streamline product design by decreasing the shrinkage rate of defective products to less than 2%. 管理方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻 Importantly, the proposed method can ensure pre-compensation of the mold part, ultimately ensuring high precision in the manufacturing of exterior injection mold parts. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART A) 研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 9/16/2015

Canthigaster valentini 1

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART A)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(597) Critical Thinking and Scholarly Writing
* 去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (4 / 12)
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym:
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (97) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

如何合理應對期刊評審 (PART A)

* 態度和語氣

– 感謝他們的意見和建議。

– 針對評審的意見,冷靜和禮貌,即使你對批評不滿。

– 確定評審的意見很重要。強調這些意見並有條不紊地回答。

* 理解和解釋評審的意見

Source: Rational Responses to Referees (theresearchwhisperer)

學術英文投稿教學影片(597) Critical Thinking and Scholarly Writing
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (4 / 12)

修飾語必須放在所要修飾的字之旁。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. Closely examining the test results, the final trial was delayed by the laboratory manager for another two weeks.

2. He observed the phenomenon conducting the simulation run.

3. The technician detected the error analyzing the samples.

4. Having a large database, much information is contained in the system’s network.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* Xác định hướng tương lai và thách thức phát triển một sản phẩm hoặc dịch vụ (phần 2) Anh Viết tại nơi
làm việc
– Trích dẫn một ứng dụng cụ thể
– Mô tả định hướng tương lai hoặc các ứng dụng tiềm năng của sản phẩm hoặc dịch vụ này
* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (227): The Four Levels of Comprehension
* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (41) (phần 2)
* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Information Techniology)
非正式工程英文技術報告 (97) (上)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 Our recent effort examined the increasing incidence of shrinkage defects in products that ultimately increases overhead manufacturing costs. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 Extensively adopted in the opto-electronics industry, injection molding technology varies the temperature and pressure in a polymer-based mold to reduce the number of shrinkage defects in products. 介紹管理問題 However, the conventional means of optimizing process parameters is inaccurate owing to its reliance on the subjective experience of an operator to eliminate shrinkage defects in products. For instance, the conventional approach fails to reduce shrinkage defects in products to less than 2%. The inability to reduce shrinkage defects in products to less than 2% makes it impossible to comply with assembly specifications and increases overhead manufacturing costs.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

如何成為一個好的學術期刊編輯 (PART A) 研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 9/14/2015

Tamias-rufus-001

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 如何成為一個好的學術期刊編輯 (PART A)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(595) Critical Thinking Intro-
* 去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (2 / 12)
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (96) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

如何成為一個好的學術期刊編輯 (PART A)

編輯會問以下一些問題:

* 本論文的目的是什麼?

* 本論文明確指出什麼問題?

* 作者明確指出重點?

* 作者明確告訴你他或她之前已完成的研究結果?

* 論文是在期刊的研究領域範圍嗎?

* 研究方法有效嗎?

Source: The Task of the Referee by Alan Jay Smith (scribd)

學術英文投稿教學影片(595) Critical Thinking Intro-
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (2 / 12)

修飾語必須放在所要修飾的字之旁。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. The program contains the proposed itinerary that was implemented yesterday.

6. The container held by the experimenter with many leaks must be replaced.

7. To select the levels of the design parameter, the effects of the noise factors must be
minimized.

8. Analyzing the SN ratios, the optimal settings can be determined.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym

* Trích dẫn ví dụ về sản phẩm / dịch vụ Thương mại (phần 2) Anh Viết tại nơi làm việc

– Mô tả những lợi ích trung hạn và dài hạn của thương mại hóa như vậy cho một lĩnh vực cụ thể của công nghệ

– Mô tả những lợi ích trung hạn và dài hạn của thương mại hóa như vậy cho các mục đích thực tế

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (225): Reading Comprehension: Scientific & Technical Terms

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (40) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Information Techniology)

非正式工程英文技術報告 (96) (上)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 Our most recent project focused on the current trend in commercializing the photo-electrochemical fuel cell for portable energy applications 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 Direct methanol fuel cell (DMFC) is a highly feasible alternative for portable energy supply owing to its high power density, efficient start up time, and liquid fuel fed mechanism. 介紹管理問題 However, the development of DMFC is limited mainly by the slow kinetics of methanol oxidation reaction (MOR), i.e. a series of proton stripping processes that ultimately leave carbon monoxide adherent to a catalyst (normally platinum), a phenomenon known as catalyst poisoning. Among the many approaches developed to facilitate MOR include adding Ruthenium as a second alloy and Ruthenium oxide. Unfortunately, the effect is limited and Ru is relatively expensive. As is generally assumed, the hole- electron pairs ejected from TiO2 under UV illumination participate in the degradation o nearby organics. Additionally, Pt can function as a sink of electrons to prevent the recombination of hole- electron pairs, facilitating the release of additional holes involved in organic degradation. Despite a recent finding that Pt-TiO2 facilitates the above-mentioned degradation of UV induced organics, high power Hg lamps (over 100 W) are required to drive Pt-TiO2 photo-electrodes in order to observe a significant increase in the current in DMFC. The inability to reduce the excitation power source to a certain order (~W) makes it impossible to commercialize the photo-electrochemical fuel cell for portable energy applications.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

如何審查學術期刊論文 (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 9/10/2015

Zireiner See Rofanspitze 2006 10

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 如何審查學術期刊論文
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(591) How to Avoid Plagiarism in your Writing: using an Authentic Voice and Effective Narrative
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (10/12)
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (94) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

如何審查學術期刊論文

*用一到三個句子總結這個論文,表示你明白內容並可以比作者在他的摘要中的說明更簡潔。

*寫一個段落,介紹有關這個論文的優點。這在審查時一般是有利的。尤其在審查是具批評性。在這種情況下,可以鼓勵作者實質上重新修訂他/她的論文。

*作出重大的評論,包括針對作者的假設,技術方法,分析,結果,結論,參考的主要意見。

*作出建設性的意見,包括論文若要被接受,筆者需要做什麼。並幫助找出問題,提出可行的解決方案。

*作出輕微的評論,包括寫作風格,數字和表格,格式和語法。糾正一些拼寫錯誤,但不編輯的文件。建議重新投稿論文之前,筆者應由以英語為母語的專業人士編輯該論文。

*提出建設性的建議,該論文是否應被接受,或在內容做出修正後接受或應予直接拒絕。

Source: How to Review a Technical Paper by Alan Meier (scribd)

學術英文投稿教學影片(591) How to Avoid Plagiarism in your Writing: using an Authentic Voice and Effective Narrative
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (10/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. Incomplete data is commonly referred to as censored data and often occurs when the response variable is time to failure, e.g., accelerated life testing.

2. Their method suggested either using iterative least squares (ILS) to analyze censored data or the initial fit is used to estimate the expected failure time for each censored observation.

3. The TOPSIS value for each trial and the optimal factor/level combination can be determined in the following steps:

Apply equations (4) ~ (8) to compute the relative closeness of each trial.

The TOPSIS value in the ith trial is set to the designated value.

The factor effects based on the TOPSIS value are estimated.

Determine the optimal control factors and their levels.

4. The systems manager is in no case responsible for combining the experimental design techniques with quality loss considerations and careful consideration of how the various factors affect performance variation.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* Kiểm tra các lỗi và thiếu sót bất cẩn và so sánh với lần đầu (6/12) (Chỉnh sửa cho rõ rang) (Đào tạo
chỉnh sửa trong viết văn bản tiếng anh)
* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (220): Asking and Answering Questions for Reading Comprehension
* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (38) (phần 1)
* Nền tảng (Ví dụ: Information Techniology)
非正式工程英文技術報告 (94) (上)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:
簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 Our recent effort addressed how to help managers to implement an information system, with an emphasis on increasing end user satisfaction. 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 End-user satisfaction increasingly represents the focal point of successfully implementing an information system. Incapable of fulfilling user requirements independently, information systems require individuals to fully exploit their expertise before yielding organizational benefits. Factors influencing user satisfaction with information systems have received considerable interest. Several studies have attributed information system failures to psychological and organizational issues, rather than technological ones. 介紹管理問題 Among the various theoretical perspectives adopted to explore this phenomenon include the technology acceptance model, theory of planned behavior, and information system success model. However, in contrast with previous findings, Au et al. (2008) found that expectations regarding information system performance are not significantly related to user satisfaction. Additionally, Iivari (2005) found that quality of the end user perceived information only slightly impacts system usage. Despite the considerable amount of scholarly research on end-user satisfaction in recent decades, available evidence contradicts the expected relationships. Still, the role of self-efficacy in the context of information system usage has seldom been addressed. Therefore, the role of self-efficacy in end-user satisfaction model warrants further study. According to social cognitive theory, end user beliefs (referred to herein as self-efficacy) may influence their behavior and perceived outcomes. This study examines the role of self-efficacy in how end-user satisfaction, its antecedents, and consequences are related. The inability to increase end user satisfaction by elucidating the factors affecting the effects of antecedents of user satisfaction and the consequences of end-user satisfaction makes it extremely difficult for managers before, during, and after an information system is implemented.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

(結論 /參考 / 表和圖): 進行學術期刊論文審查時應該問的問題 (PART B) 研究生英文編修出版投稿日報 9/3/2015

Osteospermum ecklonis1

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* (結論 /參考 / 表和圖): 進行學術期刊論文審查時應該問的問題 (PART B)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片(584) Academic Writing: The literature review
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3/12)
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (90) (下)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

(結論 /參考 / 表和圖): 進行學術期刊論文審查時應該問的問題 (PART B)

* 表和圖

– 每個表和圖都是必要的嗎?

– 可以用期刊引用替換表或數字?

– 表包含太多的數據?

– 表中包含的數據是不是具有實質意義?

– 表中的數據可以用圖更好地表示?

– 圖和表的標題是否準確描述表格的內容?

Source: How to Review a Technical Paper by Alan Meier (scribd)

學術英文投稿教學影片(584) Academic Writing: The literature review
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. The two-step procedure not only identifies those factors that significantly affect the signal-to-noise (SN) ratio, but also the levels that maximize SN are found.

10. Logethetis (1988) proved that strong non-linearities exist and the B technique was also recommended for use by him.

11. This work not only proposes an effective procedure based on the rank transformation of responses and regression analysis, but also the singly censored data are discussed.

12. The following steps describe the procedure:

Step 1: Calculate the normalized decision matrix.

Step 2: The weighted normalized decision matrix is calculated.

Step 3: The ideal and negative-ideal solution is determined.

Step 4: Calculate the separation measures.

Step 5: The relative closeness to the ideal solution is calculated.

Step 6: The preference order is ranked.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym

* Loại bỏ các vấn đề về chỉnh sửa (11/12) (Chỉnh sửa cho rõ rang) (Đào tạo chỉnh sửa trong viết văn bản
tiếng anh)

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (209): How to use SQ3R to Understand and Comprehend Written
Material

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Kỹ thuật đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (31) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Information Technology)

非正式工程英文技術報告 (90) (下)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

研讀以下工程計劃以辦別包含的科技論點:

介紹管理方案的目標 Therefore, we developed a modified FJP method to ensure not only that the shape is close to Gaussian distribution with a low pressure air source, but also that the resolution of material removal should be small and stable. 管理方案方法論的細節描述 Slurry was carried with low air pressure, based on use of siphonic and laminar flow theories. The Gaussian shape was then achieved by using a nozzle different from the conventional one, in which both air and slurry passed through simultaneously. Next, fine resolution of material removal was obtained by optimization of the slurry concentration and air pressure. 管理方案主要成果總結 According to our results, the modified FJP method can produce stable material removal less then 50 nm deep by using 1~2 bar air pressure source and the new nozzle. Via the modified FJP method, small optical elements can be fabricated using accurate material removal. 管理方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻 Furthermore, the enhanced capability of material removal can fabricate precise optical elements, ultimately improving the performance of an optical system.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: