Category Archives: Engineering problem and hypothesis statements

我應該使用一本小冊子,宣傳冊或通訊提出我的技術信息? / 我怎麼能寫有效的技術信函? : 研究生英文投稿日報 5/30/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我應該使用一本小冊子,宣傳冊或通訊提出我的技術信息? (PART B)

*我怎麼能寫有效的技術信函? (PART A)

*學術英文投稿教學影片(131) : 3 ways to structure your literature review

*國外訪問: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 (上)

*工程英文假設描述 (102) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我應該使用一本小冊子,宣傳冊或通訊提出我的技術信息? (PART B)

*宣傳冊

– 說服讀者採取行動或做出決定

– 通常作為一個營銷或促銷手段

– 除了銷售產品或服務更提供簡短的描述性概述

– 通常是短暫的,很少超過16頁

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.45-1.50)

我怎麼能寫有效的技術信函? (PART A)

*技術信函應該包含日期,姓名和收件人的名稱,完整的郵寄地址和稱呼。

*在主題行提供一個描述性標題,以幫助收信人確定消息的重要性。

*檢查所有的技術信函的精準度。檢查文件的適當筆者簽名,鍵入姓名和職務。

*對不直接參與的人應放在抄送(cc)列表。

*技術信函對提出問題和查詢作出回應,並提供解釋或說明。

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.51-1.59 )

學術英文投稿教學影片 (131) : 3 ways to structure your literature review
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

國外訪問: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 (上)

提出訪問之行,並提供初步細節
“It would be much appreciated if you could arrange for me to observe your production line during my stay at ABC on March 19, 1993.”

“I would like to visit the Special Carbon Division (or the Technical Center) of ABC Corporation/Massachusetts during the upcoming trip.”

“Professor Liu from the Virginia Institute of Technology recommended that we visit your renowned institute and find a time to discuss our needs with you, as well as to learn of your own related experiences.”

“We recognize that ensuring continued success of this program depends on our observing and understanding similar work in other countries. At this stage, I would like to arrange for a visit to your country.”

“I am keenly interested in visiting Dr. Jones and his staff to learn of all the operational aspects involved with this program.”

解釋此行的目的

“We need to enhance our knowledge of carbon black in terms of the chemistry, characterization, and processing application (e.g., ESD protection, wire and cable, coating and UV protection). Such knowledge would also benefit our customers, many of whom are manufacturers.”

“Purpose: to understand and evaluate successful cases and the current status of the Japanese dye industry with respect to technology, equipment, and information on industrial waste minimization.”

“Visits to compressor system companies that manufacture systems for heat pump or vapor recompression would be equally beneficial. Information regarding the variety of available heat pump systems would also be quite useful for future promotion of such systems in Taiwan.”

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文假設描述 (102) (下)

*工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

*達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

*希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

*領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文假設描述

工程計劃目標 A method can be developed, capable of manufacturing 100 optical lenses in a single run using a glass molding process. 達成目標的方法 To do so, two 10 * 10 ceramic mold array plates, with each mold having a diameter of 1 mllimeter, can be produced based on the temperature distribution of a heating device. Glass with a refractive index of 2.003 can then be selected and pre-manufactured to the appropriate volume. Next, the required shape for an optical lens can be pressed by controlling the heating and cooling times through use of a high-temperature glass molding machine. 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed method can ensure the manufacturing of 100 precision optical lenses in 3 hours, along with homogeneity of the shape reaching 95%. 領域的貢獻 Importantly, in addition to its desired features of optimized batch production, precise speed control and shorter processing time, the proposed method ensures that the components cost less when a greater volume is produced. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

那個通信媒體格式是最適合我的研究論文或技術文件? / 我應該使用一本小冊子,宣傳冊或通訊提出我的技術信息? : 研究生英文投稿日報 5/29/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*那個通信媒體格式是最適合我的研究論文或技術文件?(PART B)

*我應該使用一本小冊子,宣傳冊或通訊提出我的技術信息? (PART A)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (130) : How to create a research question

*技術合作: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件(下)

*工程英文問題描述 (102) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

那個通信媒體格式是最適合我的研究論文或技術文件?(PART B)

*手冊: a)描述一個產品或工藝的細節; b)使用一個面向行動的風格

*報告: a)提交給一個建議的問題或問題的詳細回答; b)使用語言的正式和客觀的基調; c)廣泛使用支持證據

*幫助系統: a)以電子格式描述一個產品或過程; b)使用一個面向行動的風格

*奇才: a)以互動的方式指導用戶; b)如使用語言簡潔而注重行動的作風; c)使用非技術性的語言

*網站: a)使用一個動態線上指導格式對主題或一組相關主題呈現信息; b)許多圖形和動態元素使用

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.39)

我應該使用一本小冊子,宣傳冊或通訊提出我的技術信息? (PART A)

*小冊子

– 引入一個話題的介紹或概述信息,並不包括營售信息。

– 通常比宣傳冊更廣泛。

– 可能會像一本宣傳冊或技術手冊,這取決於它的目標

– 可能長度範圍從幾頁到50頁

– 通常針對特定的群體。

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.45-1.50)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (130) : How to create a research question
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

技術合作: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件(下)

讚揚組織的成就和聲譽

Sincerely acknowledging or commending the other party’s success in a particular technology expresses your intention to contribute toward as well as learn from the collaborative relationship:

“Your corporation has a long tradition of providing outstanding engineering TP (e.g., Noryl) that has various properties and excellent quality.”

“ABC Corporation is recognized as the global leader in developing, producing and marketing transdermal drug delivery systems.”

“ABC’s Biotechnology Group has developed some interesting products that we would like to understand in more detail before reaching the licensing stage.”

“Stat-Rite 2300 is an excellent anti-static polymer that blends well with other thermoplastics and can be used in ESD applications. We believe that this permanent anti-static plastic has a strong market potential, especially in light of the emerging electronics industry in Taiwan.”

描述技術合作的原因

More than merely attempting to describe your company’s interest, try to outline specific plans or describe what has been achieved so far:

“A new facility is to be established in Taiwan to design, develop and produce auto transmission parts. Therefore, we are seeking partners for technical cooperation through licensing and joint venture agreements.”

“We are currently involved in a gear box development program and are seeking foreign partners who are capable of developing gear boxes or who can engage in a cooperative technical program with automotive manufacturers in the R.O.C.

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文問題描述 (102) (上)

*工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?

*工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

*工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

*工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

*工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃建構 Advances in telecommunications and information technology have led to the transformation of optical storage media from CD, VCD, DVD to BD format. Consumer demand for an optical pick-up head in higher capacity portable optical storage media, e.g., near-field optical disc, focuses on a more compact and lightweight size with a larger storage capability, as well as fast read and write action capabilities. In particular, a glass material refractive index exceeding 2.0, a weight less than 80 gram and a size smaller than 1.0 millimeter in diameter are of priority concern. 工程計劃問題 For current specifications of a refractive index exceeding 2.0 for glass material and a diameter smaller than 1 millimeter for glass beads, conventional grinding and polishing glass processing methods fail to satisfy stability requirements and consumer demand regarding the shape of the optical storage media device in terms of precision and efficiency. (NOTE : Add 2 more sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 工程計劃問題的量化 (NOTE: You need to quantify the problem that you are trying to solve) 工程計劃問題的中心 The inability to comply with consumer demand regarding the specifications of optical storage media devices makes it impossible to produce a quality and sufficiently small optical pick-up head that can read and write data efficiently. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, a method must be developed, capable of manufacturing 100 optical lenses in a single run using a glass molding process.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

我應該用何種格式來寫我的技術報告? / 那個通信媒體格式是最適合我的研究論文或技術文件? : 研究生英文投稿日報 5/28/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我應該用何種格式來寫我的技術報告?

*那個通信媒體格式是最適合我的研究論文或技術文件?(PART A)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (129) : Writing for Publication

*技術合作: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 (上)

*工程英文假設描述 (101) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我應該用何種格式來寫我的技術報告?

*專業期刊:為在一個特定的區域或領域的學術寫作的正式研究成果

*貿易期刊:有關特定行業或學科,從業人員的專業,和商品評論的新聞

*商業及大眾媒體:關於技術和科學新產品的進步而給公眾的新聞

*只有專業和一些貿易期刊使用專業詞彙和符號,以及複雜的數據。

*對於商業媒體和大眾媒體的文章則專注於讀者的日常生活內容。

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.43-1.44)

那個通信媒體格式是最適合我的研究論文或技術文件?(PART A)

*研究論文:a)深入討論一個話題,通常為期刊或書籍; b)使用敘事風格,格式隨著觀眾的專業性發生變化

*小冊子: a)提供概述或介紹一次性的參考使用; b)使用不那麼正式的風格

*宣傳冊: a)要求採取行動 – 說服讀者做決定; b)使用易於閱讀的風格

*通訊: a)傳達一組相關主題定期信息; b)利用新聞風格

*通訊作者: a)使用外部和內部溝通; b)在形式和長度各不相同

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.39)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (129) : Writing for Publication
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

技術合作: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 (上)

*說明組織尋求合作的意圖
“I’d like to propose a technological information exchange between our two organizations regarding environmental pollution prevention-waste minimization.”

“We are seeking potential licensors of the Autoclaved Lightweight Concrete (ALC) product technology on behalf of local manufacturers in Taiwan, R.O.C.”

“In addition to our in-house R&D, we are also considering the possibility of technology transfer, from a foreign company, of a technology that is ready for (or close to) commercialization and that is already under patent protection.”

“We are currently involved in a gear box development program and are seeking foreign partners who are capable of developing gear boxes or who can engage in a cooperative technical program with automotive manufacturers in the R.O.C.”

“We are anxious to develop long-lasting cooperative relationships with manufacturers such as yours.”

“We recognize that the continued sucess of our work depends on our sharing and exchanging experience with similar organizations.”

*關於您的組織給予背景信息(例如,任務,重大活動和成果)
“Our organization, Mechanical Industry Research Laboratories (MIRL), is a subsidiary of the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI) established by the government of the Republic of China(R.O.C).”

“One of our missions is to aid the local industrial sector by upgrading technology levels.

‘One of our strategies is to license technology from abroad.”

“The experimental results generated so far in this project have already been most helpful in Taiwan’s environmental protection work.”

* “I am looking forward to hearing your ideas or suggestions regarding this information exchange opportunity. I would also like to arrange for a ten-day technical visit to your organization this upcoming May as the initial step of our cooperation.”

“If you are interested in licensing this technology, please send the above mentioned information to the above address for evaluation.”

*提供有關如何啟動合作的建議

“Further discussion, or a possible visit by members of ITRI to your production facility, would seem to be the appropriate next step.”

“I suggest that ABC Corporation send a technical expert to UCL before the end of July and give a presentation, regarding the product development of this technology, to our scientists and technical staff.”

“Please let me know if there are any areas of common interest you would like to discuss.”

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文假設描述 (101) (下)

*工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

*達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

*希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

*領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文假設描述

工程計劃目標 A vacuum performance system can be developed according to ISO standards, with automatic testing and human-machine interface functions. 達成目標的方法 To do so, pumping performance can be evaluated based on the flow meter method. The flow rate can then be adjusted to obtain a balanced inlet pressure. Next, the pumping speed can be determined based on this relationship. Additionally, results of the experimental pumping speed can be compared with those of simulations. 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed vacuum performance system can evaluate the throughput, pumping speed, ultimate pressure, and residue gas analysis via its automatic testing and human-machine interface functions in an inlet pressure range exceeding 1.3×10-6 Torr. 領域的貢獻 Importantly, the proposed system can eliminate the evaluated time and provide human-machine interface functions. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

我怎麼能寫技術文檔時採用工作協同的方法呢? / 我怎麼能寫技術文檔時採用參考的方法呢?: 研究生英文投稿日報 5/27/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我怎麼能寫技術文檔時採用工作協同的方法呢?

*我怎麼能寫技術文檔時採用參考的方法呢?

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (128) : Science Writing: Practice Makes It (Almost) Perfect

*國外訪問: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 (下)

*工程英文問題描述 (101) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我怎麼能寫技術文檔時採用工作協同的方法呢?

*技術文檔採用工作協同的方法包括任務卡,快速安裝指南嚮導,提供操作,維護或修理產品所需簡要的概念和說明。

*技術文檔採用工作協同的重點還包括快速參考材料,如功能列表。這些列表被頻繁提及。

*技術文檔採用工作協同下的觀眾經由產品或培訓材料相互作用而具有基本的概念性知識。

*快速性的資訊,如安裝指南等不常被閱讀。觀眾被假定對產品不熟悉。

*技術文檔採用工作協同有下列特徵:簡短的用語,而不是長的句子和段落; 頻繁的列表,示例和圖表;一些技術術語,專業的常規和符號。

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.31-1.33)

我怎麼能寫技術文檔時採用參考的方法呢?

*技術文檔參考材料包括用戶參考手冊,風格指南和政策手冊。

*技術文檔參考材料強調對產品或服務提出詳細的定義和描述信息。

*技術文檔參考材料下觀眾對基本概念熟悉,通過一個教程或互動方式獲得產品或服務訊息。

*技術文檔參考材料文檔以小段出現,而不是直線性地被使用。

*技術文檔參考材料有下列特徵:減少詞彙和專業術語;圖表,以及在一個特定主題領域下被有經
驗的用戶或專家了解的專業符號系統。

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.34-1.36)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (128) : Science Writing: Practice Makes It (Almost) Perfect
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

國外訪問: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 (下)

*讚揚該組織所取得的成就
“Waste minimization is a global trend, and your country already has much experience in this area.”

“As is well known, ABC Corporation has the resources needed to produce good quality diverse carbon blacks.”

*強調此訪的合作性質
“I hope this visit will strengthen the ties of cooperation that bind our organizations.”

“In light of these concerns, we are looking forward to collaborating with your organization in the near future.”

“We hope this visit will open doors for further cooperation between our two organizations.”

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文問題描述 (101) (上)

*工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?

*工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

*工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

*工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

*工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃建構 Increasingly larger substrate requirements have spurred advances in semiconductor manufacturing. Thus, to satisfy ultracleam environment requirements, the pumping performance of vacuum pumps is increasingly important in the etching process, chemical vapor deposition (CVD), and physical vapor deposition (PVD). 工程計劃問題 However, the processing pressure can not remain constant with a declining pumping performance. (NOTE : Add 3-4 more sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 工程計劃問題的量化 According to evaluations based on man-made and computational fluid dynamics (CFD) in previous studies, pumping lasts too long. 工程計劃問題的中心 The inability to evaluate the pumping performance efficiently and precisely makes it impossible to comply with the demand of actual processing pressure. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, a vacuum performance system must be developed according to ISO standards, with automatic testing and human-machine interface functions.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

我怎麼在寫技術文檔時採用過程方法? : 研究生英文投稿日報 5/26/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我怎麼在寫技術文檔時採用過程方法?

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (127) : How to choose reference management software

*國外訪問: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 (上)

*工程英文假設描述 (100) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我怎麼在寫技術文檔時採用過程方法? (PART A)

*包含過程信息技術文檔解釋了如何使用產品或服務。

*通常包含過程信息技術文檔提供所有產品或服務的功能。儘管技術文檔間過程信息水平差異很大。

*包含過程信息技術文件觀眾要尋求問題或中斷其成員工作成因的答案。

*包含過程信息技術文檔的讀者經常有通過使用產品而得到的一些知識。

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.25-1.27)

我怎麼在寫技術文檔時採用過程方法? (PART B)

*包含過程信息技術文檔支持日常使用的產品或服務。

*包含過程信息技術文件通常有以下幾種特徵:

– 產品運營的概述;模塊提出了支持一個或多個活動序列;

– 概念模型,類比和實例;導航設備

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.25-1.27)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (127) : How to choose reference management software
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

國外訪問: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 (上)

*提議訪問,並提供初步細節

“It would be much appreciated if you could arrange for me to observe your production line during my stay at ABC on March 19, 1993.”

“I would like to visit the Special Carbon Division (or the Technical Center) of ABC Corporation/Massachusetts during the upcoming trip.”

“Professor Liu from the Virginia Institute of Technology recommended that we visit your renowned institute and find a time to discuss our needs with you, as well as to learn of your own related experiences.”

“We recognize that ensuring continued success of this program depends on our observing and understanding similar work in other countries. At this stage, I would like to arrange for a visit to your country.”

“I am keenly interested in visiting Dr. Jones and his staff to learn of all the operational aspects involved with this program.”

*解釋此行的目的

“We need to enhance our knowledge of carbon black in terms of the chemistry, characterization, and processing application (e.g., ESD protection, wire and cable, coating and UV protection). Such knowledge would also benefit our customers, many of whom are manufacturers.”

“Purpose: to understand and evaluate successful cases and the current status of the Japanese dye industry with respect to technology, equipment, and information on industrial waste minimization.”

“Visits to compressor system companies that manufacture systems for heat pump or vapor recompression would be equally beneficial. Information regarding the variety of available heat pump systems would also be quite useful for future promotion of such systems in Taiwan.”

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文假設描述 (100) (下)

*工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

*達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

*希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

*領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文假設描述

工程計劃目標 A non-invasive inspection method can be developed, capable of examining the inner quality of fruit efficiently by incorporating use of near infrared absorbance spectrum. 達成目標的方法 To do so, the fruit quality can be evaluated based on measurements of near infrared absorbance spectrum from the fruit skin and partial least square regression (PLSR) analysis. (NOTE: Add at least two to three more sentences in order to more describe the methodology more completely) 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed non-destructive inspection method can determine the sugar content of fruit with an accuracy exceeding 85%. 領域的貢獻 Importantly, the proposed method can demonstrate the effectiveness of near infrared absorbance spectrum in accurately predicting the sugar contents of fruit. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

我怎麼能在我的技術文檔中採取營銷方式? / 我怎麼能寫技術文檔時採用教程的方法呢?: 研究生英文投稿日報 5/25/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我怎麼能在我的技術文檔中採取營銷方式? (PART B)

*我怎麼能寫技術文檔時採用教程的方法呢?

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (126) : How the scientific peer review process works

*洽商技術合作之出國計畫書: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

*工程英文問題描述 (100) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我怎麼能在我的技術文檔中採取營銷方式? (PART B)

*營銷材料使用具有以下特徵:

-段落格式

-頻繁的總結和概述

– 豐富的圖形,表格和列表

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.19-1.21)

我怎麼能寫技術文檔時採用教程的方法呢?

*技術文檔教程重點包括設計使用有或無教練的教程和培訓手冊。

*技術文檔教程強調提供長期的核心知識而不是外圍信息。

*技術文檔教程的觀眾對產品很少或沒有經驗,雖然它的成員可能是這方面主題的專家。

*技術文檔教程建立在觀眾現有的概念性知識。

*技術文檔教程很可能只使用一次,無論是在一個訓練課程或在較長時間內。

*技術文檔教程有下列特徵:產品運營,概念模型,類比和實例的概述,以及集中在一個單一活動的模組。

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.28-1.30)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (126) : How the scientific peer review process works
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

洽商技術合作之出國計畫書: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

You may have already received my letter dated November 30, 2013 concerning the Waste Exchange Information Center(WEIC) here in Taiwan.

I am pleased to inform you of a long-term environmental project that is being undertaken at WEIC. This long-term program, ” the Industrial Waste Minimization Informational Service,” has been sponsored by the Industrial Development Bureau (IDB) for nearly three years. WEIC is a non-profit subsidiary of the Industrial Technology Research Insititute. The goal of the long-term program is to provide relevant information in the practice of industrial waste minimization. This is a service made available free of charge to all interested organizations.

Our major work includes the publication of a bimonthly waste minimization magazine, facilitation of waste exchange, and accumulation of commercialized waste minimization technologies. The results obtained from this program have helped expedite environmental protection efforts in Taiwan.

We recognize that ensuring continued success of this program necessitates that we observe and understand similar works in your country. Waste minimization is a global trend and your country already has much experience in this area.

I would like to arrange for a visit to your facilities. If this is agreeable with you, please contact me at your earliest convenience.

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文問題描述 (100) (上)

*工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?

*工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

*工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

*工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

*工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃建構 As concern over food quality has grown with increased consumption, rapidly inspecting such quality must satisfy market demand. Fruit market consumers often purchase their favorite fruits by selecting them individually based on their subjective experiences. 工程計劃問題 Although individuals spend considerable money and time in selecting fruit, whether the fruit is tasty remains unclear. Moreover, conventional inspection methods of fruit quality by examining the fruit skin fail to determine the inner quality of fruit. (NOTE : Add 3-4 more sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 工程計劃問題的量化 For instance, weighing the fruit provides only a quantitative means of comparing with its proper size. 工程計劃問題的中心 The inability to inspect the inner quality of fruit makes it impossible to increase agricultural profits. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, a non-invasive inspection method must be developed, capable of examining the inner quality of fruit efficiently by incorporating use of near infrared absorbance spectrum.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

我怎麼在寫技術文檔時採用概念方法? / 我怎麼能在我的技術文檔中採取營銷方式?: 研究生英文投稿日報 5/24/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我怎麼在寫技術文檔時採用概念方法?

*我怎麼能在我的技術文檔中採取營銷方式? (PART A)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (125) : Tell A Story with Action Details

*住宿/交通工具之安排: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

*工程英文假設描述 (99) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我怎麼在寫技術文檔時採用概念方法?

*概念信息出現在各種技術文檔,包括信件,備忘錄,報告,文章,小冊子和技術手冊。

*包含概念信息技術文檔中假定讀者具有專業知識,可以用來擴展他們現有的概念框架的具體水平。

*包含概念信息技術文檔中通常有以下幾種特徵:

– 敘事,段落格式;部分集中在一個單一的概念或想法;

– 理論模型,類比和實例;引進新的術語,圖,表或列表

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.22-1.24)

我怎麼能在我的技術文檔中採取營銷方式? (PART A)

*營銷材料技術文件包括小冊子,公關通訊和網站。

*一個營銷重點是試圖說服而不是簡單的告知。

*技術文檔中營銷材料的觀眾已經有基本概念知識,但有些觀眾可能有更多的技術專長。

*技術文檔中營銷材料是快速讀取,隨機,及不太注意小心。

*營銷材料中技術文件的語言和語氣是不太正規

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.19-1.21)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (125) : Tell A Story with Action Details
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

住宿/交通工具之安排: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

I plan to arrive in San Francisco on February 27 (Sunday) at 9:15 A.M. on Flight No. UA844 (I will let you know as soon as possible if there is any change). Would you please reserve hotel accomodations (within walking distance of ABC, about $US 200 per night) for me? Also, please arrange for a taxi to pick me up at the airport. I plan to stay at ABC from 2/29 to 3/4 and from 3/8 to 3/11. I will be visiting New York on 3/7. I really appreciate all of your help.

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文假設描述 (99) (下)

*工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

*達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

*希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

*領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文假設描述

工程計劃目標 An inspection system can be developed to identify defects in silicon-based solar cells, in particular unqualified cells, by locating them and calculating the percentage of the defective area immediately. The proposed system consists of near-infrared (NIR) image sensing electronic circuits and a data processing control computer in real time. 達成目標的方法 To do so, solar cell performance can be evaluated using the I-V curve. If the I-V curve represents inadequate electrical power behavior, the grain structure can then be observed using scanning electron microscopy (SEM) to identify the problem. Next, before I-V testing for solar cell defects, the proposed inspection system can be implemented to identify the defective area for the entire solar cell rapidly. Additionally, the percentage of the defective area in the entire solar cell module can be determined immediately owing to the real time data processing control computer of the proposed system, making it feasible to locate unqualified cells without constructing an I-V curve. 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed inspection system can locate defects immediately and determine the detailed reason for defects in the grain structure by using SEMS. 領域的貢獻 Importantly, the proposed inspection system for solar cell defects is highly efficient in terms of identifying defective areas. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

我怎樣才能強調我技術文件的重點? / 我怎麼能清楚地識別我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾類型?: 研究生英文投稿日報 5/23/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我怎樣才能強調我技術文件的重點? (PART B)

*我怎麼能清楚地識別我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾類型? (PART B)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (124) : Sell Your Ideas the Steve Jobs
Way

*討論主題說明: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

*工程英文問題描述 (99) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我怎樣才能強調我技術文件的重點? (PART B)

*教學重點:通過提供長期的知識來完成重要的任務教導技能

– 提出了基本概念支持的必要程序,經常使用的是章節格式

*提供援助重點:提供關鍵任務的快速參考信息

– 提供了一個模塊化的,不連續的格式操作詳細說明

*參考重點:提供百科全書式的,深入的了解一個產品或服務信息

– 任務支持,但不是連續的,這種強調提供了一個更廣泛的範圍和深度

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.17)

我怎麼能清楚地識別我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾類型? (PART B)

*我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾未來會經常或很少叄考文檔?

*我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾未來會如何叄考文檔,部份或簡略地叄考內容?

*我的研究論文或技術文檔包含以下內容:概述和總結部分?一步一步的指示?敘事的解釋?概念模型,類比和實例?圖形和表格?交叉引用和/或導引設備?技術術語的定義是什麼?

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.14-1.16)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (124) : Sell Your Ideas the Steve Jobs Way
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

討論主題說明: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

I am a Senior Researcher at Union Chemical Laboratories, ITRI. My expertise is in the area of catalyst development.

My colleague Mr. Chen and I will be attending the 1993 North American Meeting of the Cayalysis Society to be held in Pittsburgh. While we are in America, we would like to take the opportunity to visit the ABC Research Center in San Francisco on May 7 (Following the meeting, we will fly directly to San Francisco). We would appreciate it if you could arrange a visiting program for us.

We would like to discuss the following topics:
1. The function of ABC’s software in catalysis application.
2. The performance of ABC software in Zeolite analysis and how to use the software.
3. ABC software analysis of organometallics.
4. How to use your software to estimate the layer distance of pillaring clays.

Please let me know if it is convenient for us to visit on May 7. If so, could you arrange for a our of your facilities? I am looking forward to hearing from you.

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文問題描述 (99) (上)

*工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?

*工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

*工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

*工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

*工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃建構 Despite the ability of SEM to identify the grain structure of a solar cell, the area that it scans is relatively small for the entire solar cell. As constructing I-V curve data requires time for testing, a wafer must be scanned many times using SEM to cover the entire area. 工程計劃問題 However, the conventional procedure to identify defective cells in a module is laborious and time consuming. (NOTE : Add 3-4 more sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 工程計劃問題的量化 (NOTE: Quantify the problem to be solved) 工程計劃問題的中心 The inability to identify defects in silicon-based solar cells, especially unqualified cells, makes it impossible to calculate the percentage of the defective area immediately. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, an inspection system must be developed to identify defects in silicon-based solar cells, in particular unqualified cells, by locating them and calculating the percentage of the defective area immediately.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

我怎麼能清楚地識別我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾類型? / 我怎樣才能強調我技術文件的重點? : 研究生英文投稿日報 5/22/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我怎麼能清楚地識別我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾類型? (PART A)

*我怎樣才能強調我技術文件的重點? (PART A)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (123) : MS Word – How to make Table of Contents Automatically

*國內相關成果說明: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

*工程英文假設描述 (98) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我怎麼能清楚地識別我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾類型? (PART A)

*什麼是我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾所需的培訓或專業知識以充分了解文稿?

*我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾熟悉的手稿中提到的產品,服務,工具或軟件?

*我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾熟悉文檔任務,形勢或研究的問題?

*我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾對文檔中討論的基本概念或背景問題有把握?

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.14-1.16)

我怎樣才能強調我技術文件的重點? (PART A)

*營銷重點:提供摘要和概述信息,說服聽眾採取行動

– 使用不太正規,旨在說服的語言來傳達信息列表或段落非技術信息

*概念強調:提供了背景和理論資料來說明中心思想

– 採用正規的,有時技術信息以敘述的方式解釋中心思想

*程序重點:幫助用戶通過提供短期的知識完成緊迫任務

– 提供詳細的一步一步的指示而沒有採用概念背景。

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.17)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (123) : MS Word – How to make Table of Contents Automatically
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

國內相關成果說明: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

Your e-mail of 3/7/2013 was received with much appreciation. Regarding your information on item 4 of the fax, I would like to introduce waste exchange activities in Taiwan, R.O.C.

The waste exchange information services in Taiwan were first offered in 1988 (Please refer to the program of the Fifth North American Waste Exchange Conference). The majority of funding initially came from governmental agencies; the industrial sector contributed only a small portion. These information exchange services have continued to gain respect in the industrial sector.

However, local industry was cautious about waste recycling practices, since (a) the codification of environmental laws and regulations in Taiwan had not been fully developed, and (b) the related environmental enterprises (e.g., treatment/storage/disposal facilities and landfill sites) were not quite ready.

Because environmental regulations are increasingly stricter, the government has actively promoted industrial waste minimization; we expect the local industrial sector to undertake such practices to a larger extent in the near future.

The Taiwan Waste Exchange Center is particularly interested in acquiring more information about the various management system models of waste exchange, as well as the recycling regulations of other countries. Information regarding successful cases of waste exchange and recycling is also of priority concern.

Please feel free to let me know if I can be of further assistance.

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文假設描述 (98) (下)

*工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

*達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

*希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

*領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文假設描述

工程計劃目標 An injection molding method can be developed, capable of accurately estimating shrinkage defects during product manufacturing. 達成目標的方法 To do so, shrinkage of wafer products can be reduced based on mold shrinkage compensation. The shrinkage compensation rates for various materials can then be determined via simulation. Next, design and manufacturing time can be significantly lowered by using those compensation rates, which are stored in a database made available for engineers. 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed injection molding method can streamline product design by decreasing the shrinkage rate of defective products to less than 2%. 領域的貢獻 Importantly, the proposed method can ensure pre-compensation of the mold part, ultimately ensuring high precision in the manufacturing of exterior injection mold parts. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

我如何確保我的研究論文或技術文件的讀者了解稿件的目的和結構? / 我怎麼可以評估觀眾的目標和閱讀我的研究論文或技術文檔的需求? : 研究生英文投稿日報 5/21/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我如何確保我的研究論文或技術文件的讀者了解稿件的目的和結構?

*我怎麼可以評估觀眾的目標和閱讀我的研究論文或技術文檔的需求?

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (122) : Networking

*資訊交流之聯繫: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

*工程英文問題描述 (98) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我如何確保我的研究論文或技術文件的讀者了解稿件的目的和結構?

*我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾需要長期或短期的知識?

*我的研究論文或技術文檔觀眾熟悉研究或產品或工作的概念框架?或者我應該呈現這些信息?
概念性框架允許你的研究論文或技術文件觀眾明白從一個情況論到另一個情況。

*我的研究論文或技術文件觀眾有外設需要及必要明白的信息?

*觀眾會需要什麼我的研究論文或技術文件廣度和深度為何?

*什麼是組織我的研究論文或技術文件最合乎邏輯的方式: – 按時間順序,字母順序,或以任務為導向?
Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.13)

我怎麼可以評估觀眾的目標和閱讀我的研究論文或技術文檔的需求? (PART B)

*為了滿足不同的觀眾的需求,按照以下的指引同時滿足不同經驗水平和不同的目標:

– 在這些問題方面,排名觀眾目標的研究論文或技術文檔必須首先回答第二個,第三個,依此類推。

-在同一時間只為一個觀眾群體撰寫,並註明您正在處理哪個組。請記住,其他的觀眾可能需要同樣的信息。

– 所有組製成一個文檔,或者將信息分解成多個文件。

– 使信息容易找到,包括引導的數字和表格內容。

Science and Technical Writng : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.6-1.9)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (122) : Networking
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

資訊交流之聯繫: 有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件

I am a researcher at the Waste Exchange Information Center (WEIC) of Union Chemical Laboratories, of the Industrial Technology Research Institute, Taiwan, R.O.C. We have received your publication “Waste Watcher” on a regular basis for quite some time and have found it to provide valuable information.

WEIC is a non-governmental, non-profit organization. Our goal is to assist industries in the recycling and reuse, before disposal, of their waste materials. Enclosed please find a document that may give further insight into WEIC. Since our goals closely match that of your organization, we would like to develop a partner relationship with you, for information exchange and for possible future collaboration.

Would you please send me introductory information as well as any other relevant publications which describe your strategies, methodologies, achievements and future objectives?”

有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件 柯泰德

工程英文問題描述 (98) (上)

*工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?

*工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

*工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

*工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

*工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃建構 Extensively adopted in the opto-electronics industry, injection molding technology varies the temperature and pressure in a polymer-based mold to reduce the number of shrinkage defects in products. 工程計劃問題 However, the conventional means of optimizing process parameters is inaccurate owing to its reliance on the subjective experience of an operator to eliminate shrinkage defects in products. (NOTE : Add 3-4 more sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 工程計劃問題的量化 For instance, the conventional approach fails to reduce shrinkage defects in products to less than 2%. 工程計劃問題的中心 The inability to reduce shrinkage defects in products to less than 2% makes it impossible to comply with assembly specifications and increases overhead manufacturing costs. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, an injection molding method must be developed, capable of accurately estimating shrinkage defects during product manufacturing.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德