研究所學生和他們學術顧問間有意義的對話 (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 6/7/2015

Eye iris

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 研究所學生和他們學術顧問間有意義的對話
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (504) Writing in the Sciences 8.4 – Stanford University Online
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym
* 常用主動語氣 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (9/12)
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (45) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

研究所學生和他們學術顧問間有意義的對話

* 知識內涵:研究生和學術顧問談話有助學生發展批判性思維技能,形成思路來提出問題及區別問題。學術顧問應在交談中使用
明確定義的術語。

* 對話:學術顧問與研究生互動及交流思想。

* 合乎邏輯的延伸和合成:研究生與學術顧問建立他們之間的談話基於對這個問題的研究思路有共同的理解。

* 持續交流。研究生和學術顧問,應有一系列的意見的交流和討論,而不是簡單的問題和回答。

* 權力的作用角色和授權,權力關係在研究所的學生和他們的學術顧問之間是一個重要組成部分。他們的關係總是在變化。在開始
的時候,研究生,既不知道他們的研究課題,及如何進行研究。但在他們畢業的時候,他們和學術顧問有較平等的地位,因為他
們現在可以進入其研究的專業領域工作,並感受到被他們的同儕所接受。好的學術顧問,授權學生並定期監測他們之間的關係,
尋找機會,鼓勵研究生自主的進行研究。

Source: Considering the researchstudent-supervisor dialogue(supervisorsfriend)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (504) Writing in the Sciences 8.4 – Stanford University Online
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym

* Viết kế hoạch học tập du học cho trường tốt nghiệp (phần 2): Thể hiện kiến thức về một lĩnh vực đã
nghiên cứu

– Giới thiệu chủ đề có liên quan đến lĩnh vực nghiên cứu

– Nhấn mạnh tầm quan trọng của chủ đề thuộc lĩnh vực nghiên cứu

– Khen ngợi tổ chức tiến hành bồi dưỡng chuyên nghiệp

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (109): Reaxys tutorial

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học Y khoa đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (Ví dụ: ) (14) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Radiotechnology)

Viet OWL – Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

常用主動語氣 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (9/12)

就像先前所說,如何用最少的字來表達一個完整的意念通常是科技寫作者一個大挑戰,然而這裡有一個祕訣,那就是使用主動語法。請記住主動語氣使句子更直接,明確及更有說服力。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

6. The complexity of the computational process is increased in the presence of the conventional method.

7. The equation is difficult to explain by Taguchi’s quality loss.

8. A safety valve is contained in the machine for when cautionary measures must be taken by the
inspector.

9. Evaluation of the course materials must be made by the class leader.

10. Design of the system by the engineer is allowed by the department manager.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式工程英文技術報告 (45) (上)

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。

* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。

* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。

* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應

* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。

* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。

* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。

強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:

簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 Our recent effort addressed the increasing incidence of insufficient computational power and performance of hand-held devices owing to battery constraints 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境 Time to market delivery and reduction of overhead costs in the electronics industry have received increasing attention in recent years owing not only to stringent competition in audio and video hand-held devices, but also to the increasing number of companies in this market. For instance, this market niche includes various mp3, photo and MPEG4 players, allowing customers to base their decisions on price, appearance, storage capacity of FLASH or mini hard disk, audio or video quality, as well as functions and operational interfaces. A notable example is iPod. As a fascinating operational interface, the Apple Click Wheel possesses 20G or 30G large capacity that enables users to store thousands of mp3 files. 介紹管理問題 However, the conventional hardware design method depends only on experience of the designer. As mentioned above, time to market delivery and reduction of overhead costs are vital to product success or failure. Unfortunately, such requirements are normally exclusive if designers adopt the conventional method. Consequently, designers add redundant hardware components if hardware computational power is insufficient. Insufficient hardware computational power fails to satisfy the basic product requirements. Additionally, more functions required complicate hardware design, explaining the redundancy in hardware components. For instance, the likelihood of success in hardware design at ABC Company using the conventional method is roughly 50%. Therefore, ABC Company mandates that two teams process the same hardware design, resulting in at least one team experiencing success. Given the competition between the two teams to succeed, more hardware components are added to ensure sufficient hardware computational power in order to comply with product requirements. Such tendency increases hardware costs and power consumption. Power consumption is essential hand-held devices given that batteries are the power resource of such devices. An excessive amount of human resources expended in hardware design lowers the success probability below 100%. Additionally, success probability varies according to knowledge expertise of the designers. Given the inability to reduce high hardware costs, many redundant hardware components are added owing to the impossibility of ensuring sufficient computational power, ultimately resulting in the failure of hand-held devices owing to battery constraints.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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