研究生如何提高做筆記的技能 (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 5/31/2015

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研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 研究生如何提高做筆記的技能
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (497) Writing in the Sciences 7.3 – Stanford University Online
* Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 31/5/2015
* 常用主動語氣 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (2/12)
* 非正式工程英文技術報告 (45) (下)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

研究生如何提高做筆記的技能

* 準備比你需要更多的筆記。 太多比太少好,因為有些信息兩年後可能有用。

* 不要把整個語句全部逐字地複製出來。

*不僅僅劃線強調重點,更要在頁緣使用自己明瞭的記號記錄重點,以便日後回查。

* 在和你的問題有直接關係的問題做記號。不斷地問自己你正在閱讀的信息如何和你的研究有關。這樣有助於你縮小做筆記範
圍。為填入更多意見和使用交叉引用預留做筆記的空間。

*使用線上筆記管理工具。

Source: Take Note: How to make, manage and store high quality notes (postgraduatetoolbox)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (497) Writing in the Sciences 7.3 – Stanford University Online
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
Viết tiếng Anh học thuật Bảng tin hàng ngàym 31/5/2015:

* Cách chọn từ thay thế (phần 1) Chỉnh sửa một cách kỹ thuật và khoa học

* Video giảng dạy viết bài báo tiếng Anh (93): How to Be a Successful Scientist: Part 2

* Tổ chức lớp viết báo khoa học thương mại đăng trên tạp chí quốc tế (Ví dụ: ) (13) (phần 2)

* Thực hiện (Ví dụ: Healthcare management)

Viet OWL – Chỉnh sửa báo Khoa học đăng trên tạp chí Quốc tế

常用主動語氣 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (2/12)

就像先前所說,如何用最少的字來表達一個完整的意念通常是科技寫作者一個大挑戰,然而這裡有一個祕訣,那就是使用主動語法。請記住主動語氣使句子更直接,明確及更有說服力。
請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

6. The manager can be assisted by the proposed model so that the order size can be precisely
determined.

7. The temperature is increased by uncontrollable factors, as indicated in the experimental results.

8. The proposed model can be further extended in a future study so that more realistic assumptions can
be incorporated.

9. A more detailed description of the three design types is provided in Kackar and Phadke (1991).

10. The GRG algorithm may be difficult for users with limited statistical training to implement.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

非正式工程英文技術報告 (45) (下)
強有力的工程英文技術報告包括以下要素:
* 簡要的描述工程方案所關心的事項 。經由一個句子描述工程機構對影響目標工程或客戶有關事項的關心程度。
* 闡明特定部門或客戶所關心的工程環境:管理問題形成的工程環境背景描述。
* 介紹工程問題:工程問題的本質和對與其相關的特定部門或客戶的負面影響。
* 介紹工程方案的目標:工程機構對以上問題最合理的回應
* 工程方案方法論的細節描述:精確的方案步驟描述。
* 工程方案主要成果總結:工程方案對特定部門或客戶立即的利益。
* 工程方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻:研究結果和所提方法對工程機構以外更廣大讀者的牽涉。
介紹管理方案的目標 Therefore, we developed a predictive DBA method based on pseudo status report from ONTs to increase the DBA efficiency. The proposed method fully grants the excess bandwidth and grants each active ONT at least once in a W period to decrease the packet delay and increase the link throughput. 管理方案方法論的細節描述 The usage pattern for ONT bandwidth was monitored as pseudo status reports. In a period W, the allocated bandwidth and used bandwidth of each ONT were then compared. Next, several parameters were manipulated to control the trade-off between optimizing link throughput and packet delay. Additionally, the bandwidth in the next W period was predicted. Moreover, a bandwidth assignment map for the next W period was constructed based on these demand predictions. Furthermore, the DBA can be fine-tuned for various scenarios, e.g., FTTH vs. FTTC. 管理方案主要成果總結 According to our results, the predictive DBA method can elevate the PON efficiency. While the overall bandwidth utilization can exceed 80%, the packet delay can be reduced to less than 4 ms. In addition to low buffer requirements under 4 MB and a low packet loss ratio not exceeding 5%, the predictive DBA method also implies buffer requirements less than 4 MB, and an extremely low packet loss ratio under 5%., thus satisfying requirements of delay and packet loss sensitive services. Additionally, the predictive DBA method can simplify ONT design and reduce the risk of having inter-operability problems between OLTs and ONTs from different vendors. Moreover, the predictive DBA method can support not only dynamic bandwidth allocation, but also a static one that is used for fixed bandwidth traffic such as voice and leased line traffic such as voice and leased line traffic. Furthermore, the proposed method can contain several parameters that not only control the trade-off between throughput optimization and packet delay optimization, but also provide the ability to fine tune the DBA for various scenarios. The predictive DBA method can also be used accurately reflect a certain level of fairness among ONTs by determining the effective traffic rate and packet delay. 管理方案對特定部門或領域的全面貢獻 Importantly, the proposed predictive DBA method can be more efficient than SR-DBA with respect to increasing the PON efficiency in order to reduce the amount of equipment in PON systems The proposed method can also reduce overhead costs of the service providers implementing PON networks., ultimately making next generation network services less expensive and of high quality.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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