研究論文或技術報告段落寫作的一般準則有那些? / 我怎樣才能讓我的研究論文或技術報告的章節和子章節標題清楚? (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 11/26/2014

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研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 研究論文或技術報告段落寫作的一般準則有那些? (PART B)
* 我怎樣才能讓我的研究論文或技術報告的章節和子章節標題清楚?(PART B)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (311) Academic Integrity and Research Conduct at NC State
* 再次檢查錯誤的比較詞及粗心的疏漏 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (2 / 12)
* 醫療英文論文組織寫作 (45) : (第二部分:行動)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

研究論文或技術報告段落寫作的一般準則有那些?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART B)

* 開始每個段落的主題句。

– 確保該段最重要的信息放在第一句。

– 第一種,原意的主題句指明將在段落討論中的內容。

– 第二種,意見的主題句包含段落中最重要的信息。

* 把相關段落放在一起。

Technical Writing Skills by Kim van der Linden (p. 36 )

我怎樣才能讓我的研究論文或技術報告的章節和子章節標題清楚?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART B)

* 避免重複章節標題。

– 章節標題必須澄清不同子章節之間的連接,並解釋為什麼他們都被放進一個章節:

*子章節不要使用和章節相同的標題。

– 給子章節和章節相同的標題暗示整篇章節的信息可以在單一小節中找到;這可能使讀者不想閱讀整個章節。

* 保持章節標題簡潔:標題內容比長度更重要。

– 精心製作的句子並不適合成為章節或子章節標題。

* 章節或子章節標題時採用並行原則:使用同一類(通常是動詞或名詞)的用文字來創建章節之間的連接。

Technical Writing Skills by Kim van der Linden (p. 32 )

學術英文投稿教學影片 (311) Academic Integrity and Research Conduct at NC State
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
再次檢查錯誤的比較詞及粗心的疏漏 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (2 / 12)

不合邏輯及不完整的比較詞造成更多的含糊不清,同時注意不小心漏掉的字。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. The two step-procedure assumes that the sample standard deviation is proportional the sample
mean.

6. The novel material described herein has a higher withstanding temperature.

7. The university stresses discipline more than the institute.

8. The peak is as high, if not higher than, other ones.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (45) : (第二部分:行動)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 Based on the above, we should develop a therapeutic method that combines MRCP with conventional MR images to diagnose cholangiocarcinoma, pancreatic adenocarcinoma and liver tumor accurately. Doing so can clearly display various pancreaticobiliary obstruction lesions, including stones, cholangitis, pancreatitis and choledochal cysts.

達成目標的方法 To do so, upgraded computer software and improvements in scanning techniques can facilitate the production of high quality cholangiograms, even providing super visualization of normal pancreaticobiliary anatomy. Additionally, adopting the patient respiratory-trigger procedure can obviously decreases the motion artifact caused by a patient’s respiratory system, as facilitated by proper training of technical personnel to execute the standard examination procedure.

希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed therapeutic method can eliminate the motion artifact through the most appropriate pulse sequence chosen, better signal receive coil, and the respiratory-trigger procedure. Thoroughly training the instrumentation operator can significantly reduce both procedural time and patient discomfort. Moreover, the image work station and advanced computer hardware can reconstruct the raw data, subsequently decreasing the false diagnosis rate and increasing diagnosis accuracy to 99%.

領域的貢獻 While incorporating MRCP for direct visualization of the biliary and pancreatic ducts without the need for an invasive procedure, ionizing radiation or iodine contrast media administration, the proposed therapeutic method can produce MRCP with sufficient contrast and spatial resolution by incorporating the volume sequence of respiratory trigger turbo spine echocardiogram with MIP algorithm, even when a 0.5T MR unit is used. Given its increasing accessibility, lowering cost and enhanced spatial resolution, MRCP will become the preferred choice for imaging the pancreaticobiliary system.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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