我該如何寫研究論文或技術報告當讀者是某一領域的專家? / 修改我的研究論文或技術報告初稿一般準則? (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 11/21/2014

Tree in sunset

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 我該如何寫研究論文或技術報告當讀者是某一領域的專家?
* 修改我的研究論文或技術報告初稿一般準則?(PART A)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (306) A career in academic research: A perspective on ethics.
* 去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (9 / 12)
* 醫療英文論文組織寫作 (44) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

我該如何寫研究論文或技術報告當讀者是某一領域的專家?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 每章開始有一個簡短的介紹,以便讀者可以立即明白內容是關於什麼。

* 附錄請獨立及並記錄技術細節。

* 確認在你的領域的專家會問的典型問題,並納入本文信息中。

* 準確證明所用的方法。

* 充分和正確引用參考文獻。

* 最好是由一個表提供詳細的結果。

Technical Writing Skills by Kim van der Linden (p. 13)

修改我的研究論文或技術報告初稿一般準則?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART A)

* 結構清楚了嗎?閱讀前言和結論看主要問題是否已回答。

– 快速讀過章節, 僅讀主題句:檢查讀者是否知道你想說的內容。

* 文字有沒有明確?問問自己是否讀者熟悉你的用詞。

– 句子不要太長(30〜40個字),以及是否長句和短句(5〜10個字)互換。

* 你的研究論文或技術報告的語氣是否適合你的讀者?問問自己語氣是否既不過於猶豫,也沒有太強勢。

Technical Writing Skills by Kim van der Linden (p. 23)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (306) A career in academic research: A perspective on ethics
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (9 / 12)

修飾語必須放在所要修飾的字之旁。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. To encourage adult literacy, public reading rooms have been established in the city.

10. When logging onto the Internet, complicated programming tasks are unnecessary.

11. As a child, my mother encouraged me to read many books.

12. Entering the apartment, the lights had been left on.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (44) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Developed by Professor Rossi for microdosimetric investigation of radiation in 1960, a dosimetric method based on a low pressure tissue equivalent proportional counter has been extensively adopted in radiation dosimetry. According to the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, microdosimetric parameters consist of energy deposited, specific energy and energy imparted. This counter is a spherical chamber with a tissue equivalent wall and filled with tissue equivalent gas. As the principal instrument of microdosimetry based on the Bragg-Gray cavity principle, this gas-filled counter determines the dose and dose equivalent to small volumes of human tissue when high energy radiation is behind the shielding of high energy accelerator and spacecraft.

研究問題 A linear accelerator can accelerate electrons to generate high energy electrons or x-ray with different energy regions, thus producing a photonuclear reaction when the energy exceeds 10 MeV. This reaction subsequently emits neutrons. When human tissue is irradiated by the bremmsstrahlung photon, as created in a linear accelerator, the patient receives a significant dose of photo-produced neutrons. However, the tissue equivalent proportional counter for a linear accelerator with one or more products and neutrons of microdosimetry has not been investigated experimentally.

研究問題的量化 Additionally, the neutron response of a tissue equivalent proportional counter depends on the atomic composition of gas in a neutron energy region below 300 keV. The neutron response depends on the atomic composition of the counter for neutrons above 300 keV. While the regular spherical shape of the counter was selected so that its response would be more or less independent of the direction from which the radiation emits, the spherical shape is a challenging task for design purposes.

研究問題的中心 Neutron response depends on construction of the tissue equivalent proportional counter and atomic composition of materials used in a counter design. Therefore, given various radiation types, measurement methods and angles for the linear accelerator, enhancing the counter design and materials is problematic. Moreover, measuring the equivalent dose of high energy neutrons is problematic for radiation protection dosimetry and microdosimetry owing to the lack of standard devices for investigating the mixed radiation field.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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