用何有系統的方法來寫論文或技術報告? / 我該如何寫研究論文或技術報告以符合有決策者身份讀者的需求? (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 11/20/2014

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研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 用何有系統的方法來寫論文或技術報告?
* 我該如何寫研究論文或技術報告以符合有決策者身份讀者的需求?
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (305) Starting and Running Your Research Lab at a New Institution
* 去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (8 / 12)
* 科學英文論文組織寫作 (44) : (第二部分:行動)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

用何有系統的方法來寫論文或技術報告?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 步驟一:確定主要問題,經由i)提供明確任務的分配,ii)分析你的讀者,以及iii)主要問題加以公式化。

* 步驟二:設計行動計劃,經由i)作出調查問題清單,ii)製作內容臨時目錄iii)制定時間表,以及iv)編寫行動計劃。

* 步驟三:寫初稿,經由i)進行研究,ii)迅速撰寫初稿,及iii)修訂初稿。

* 步驟四:寫最後定稿,經由i)若有時間壓力應確定優先事項,ii)簡潔,及iii)完成本文,並根據學術期刊的標準進行格式
化。

Technical Writing Skills by Kim van der Linden (p. 9 )

我該如何寫研究論文或技術報告以符合有決策者身份讀者的需求?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 提出了一個組織問題,而不是技術問題。

* 提供一個實際的研究問題,如成本效益分析,質量管理和安全性。

* 在總結,介紹,結論和建議避免使用太多的專業術語;不要只在意技術細節。

* 在介紹和總結中專注組織事項。定義組織問題。

* 在結論,建議和總結說明有關您可以滿足標準要求的解決方案,如效用,成本,實現方案及使合於法律條件可能節省的時間。

* 留意可視化:使用吸引人的圖表和曲線圖,可以獨立於本文來使讀者理解。

Technical Writing Skills by Kim van der Linden (p. 12)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (305) Starting and Running Your Research Lab at a New Institution
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
去除修飾語所造成的問題 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (8 / 12)

修飾語必須放在所要修飾的字之旁。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. Several investigations calibrated errors related to camera distortion, which occurred in the
1990s.

6. The pedestrian warned the passing car with an angry look.

7. The cellular manufacturing system has been increasingly applied to industry, which is an
important group technology application.

8. A genetic algorithm is appropriate for the machine-component grouping problem which is a robust
adaptive optimization method based on principles of natural evolution.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (44) : (第二部分:行動)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 Given that thermophilic microorganisms are good sources of thermostability and novel amylases have potential industrial importance, we should examine the feasibility of producing this extracellular amylase by maltotriose-producingα-amylase from Thermobifida fusca NTU22 substitute for thermophilic microorganisms.

達成目標的方法 To do so, a thermophilic actinomycete, Thermobifida fusca NTU22 can be isolated from compost soils collected in this study. A maltotriose-producing α-amylase from Thermobifida fusca NTU22 can then be purified from crude culture filtrate by ammonium sulfate fractionation, Sepharose CL-6B and DEAE-Sepharose CL-6B column chromatography. Next, the overall yield of the purified enzyme can be determined. Additionally, the purified enzyme can produce SDS-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE).

希望的結果 An anticipated, analysis results can indicate that, to produce enzymes for enzymatic degradation of renewable lignocellulose, a potent extracellular lignocellulolytic enzyme-producing thermophilic actinomycete, Thermobifida fusca NTU22 from compost soils collected in Taiwan can be isolated. Results of the α-amylase gene from hermobifida fusca NTU22 can provide further insight into the structure and the regulation of α-amylase production in this thermophilic actinomycete.

領域的貢獻 In addition to the commercial interest associated with producing high yields of a specific maltooligosaccharide on degradation of starch by α-amylase, maltotriose has many excellent properties, including a mild sweetness, an ability to store well in moisture, and anti-retrogradation capabilities of starch in foodstuffs.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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