選擇論文委員會成員的策略 / 如何為我的研究計劃會議做準備? (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 11/5/2014

Framed seascape in Nauru, March 2013. Photo- Angela Spalding, Australian adviser (12045933424)

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:

* 選擇論文委員會成員的策略 (PART C)
* 如何為我的研究計劃會議做準備?(PART B)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (290) Duke University Student Chat – Academics and Research
* 句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5/12)
* 醫療英文論文組織寫作 (40) : (第一部分:背景)

Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

選擇論文委員會成員的策略(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART C)

* 中間道路:選擇“高路”的專家作為委員會主席,其他委員會成員則選擇使論文較容易通過的教師。

– 同時給予學生較少的反饋,這樣一個委員會可以大限度地減少分歧,加快了論文評審過程。

* 不管所採取的策略,論文候選人應開始就選定委員會主席,然後再與他或她密切磋商如何選擇其他委員會成員。

* 方法論是第二考慮因素,因為研究生的論文寫作過程中需要有方法上的指導。

– 該教師委員會有關方法論的成員可以幫助學生的論文或論文答辯過程中捍衛自己的統計程序。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 291)

如何為我的研究計劃會議做準備?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART B)

* 在一個不錯的會議,你可以期望以下幾種類型的反饋

– 擴大或者縮小你的計劃範圍

– 建設性的意見轉移到另一種更可行的研究課題

– 對其他研究人員建議聯繫

* 研究計劃文件強調三個主要部分:你的理論和假說,你的初步文獻回顧,並提出您的數據收集和分析方法。

* 承認你還沒有研究過某些事情,甚至感謝委員建議的事情。

* 你的研究方法越是標新立異,你越必須為你的推理和方法提出解釋。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 294)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (290) Duke University Student Chat – Academics and Research
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
句子的結構須有一致性 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5/12)

科技英文寫作中,句子的建構必須有一致性。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. The standard procedure is for all intents and purposes inefficient, impractical, and creates problems.

6. Ullman [1989] not only used the Analysis of Means (ANOM) to study the mean response, but also a further extension of the ANOM was made to analyze dispersion effects.

7. The Taguchi Method deals with a one-dimensional problem and multi-dimensional problems are handled by TOPSIS.

8. The calculations are performed either to get a revised least squares fit or expected failure times are estimated for the censored values.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (40) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Computer tomography (CT) plays a prominent role in diagnosing medical ailments owing to its ability to achieve precise treatment without unnecessarily high radiation levels that would harm patients. Restated, while effective in therapeutic treatment, CT can not be used during a routine examination. Efforts to integrate CT into routine examinations is thus of priority concern.

研究問題 Although medical images are normally taken through conventional x-ray procedures, such procedures are limited in that while confined to capturing three-dimensional objects, many organs overlap each other, making it impossible to distinguish between them. Conversely, CT can not only detect diseases in their early stages, but also more effectively treat diseases. Nevertheless, CT is not adopted in routine examinations owing to its higher radiation dose than in normal examinations. Conventional medical imagery procedures emit a low radiation dose owing to the limited exposure time.

研究問題的量化 For instance, a normal chest x-ray examination, a radiation dosage of only 0.5mGy poses a relatively low risk to the human body. However, a CT examination may contain ten to twenty times higher dosage levels than a conventional x-ray examination would owing to the longer exposure time, possibly causing human injury.

研究問題的中心 Despite the advantages of CT images over those of conventional x-ray images, the inability to reduce its radiation dose to a safe level makes it impossible to detect and subsequently treat cancer in its early stages. The feasibility of accelerating the scanning time during a CT examination must be examined, thus reducing radiation dose levels.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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