我怎樣才能最有效地收集研究數據? / 我的定性研究中可導致偏見的因素? (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 10/26/2014

'Lofty Hermitage in Cloudy Mountains', ink on paper by Fang Fanghu

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
*我怎樣才能最有效地收集研究數據?(PART A)
*我的定性研究中可導致偏見的因素?(PART B)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (280) Case study report writing
*代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (7/12)
*科學英文論文組織寫作 (38) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

我怎樣才能最有效地收集研究數據?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART A)

* 你有什麼明確的分析單位,如人,城市,企業,還是國家?

* 你有沒有考慮多層次分析需要, 在個人層面和組織層面?

* 你有沒有仔細定義研究採樣設計?

* 你有沒有詳細描述你抽樣設計選擇的過程和理由?

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 246)

我的定性研究中可導致偏見的因素?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART B)

* 引導性的問題:不要合法化正面或負面的反應 – 只有一個反應,但不能同時出現

* 回想項目:人回憶過去的能力是有限的

* 術語或行話,不用調查受訪者不熟悉的用語

* 要求不可訪問的信息:調查項目可以使用熟悉的術語,但需要的信息大多數受訪者不知道。

* 多維性:項目以模糊的形式出現。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 240)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (280) Case study report writing
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (7/12)

如果代名詞所指的人物或事物不能交待清楚,也是徒增讀者困惑。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. While the GA method searches along the contour of the optimized function, it makes no
assumption about the problem space.

2. The proposed technique is similar to industrial control charts, which makes it easily
understood by the practitioner.

3. Conventional approaches for analyzing censored data are computationally complicated and often
difficult to explain to practitioners. That explains why this work presents an effective
procedure based on the rank transformation of the responses.

4. In Taiwan’s semiconductor industry, they are applying state-of-the-art technologies in view of
the fact that the island has a highly skilled labor force.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (38) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Latent membrane protein (LMPI) expressed in EBV-infected cells is a major transforming protein. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a herpesvirus that infects more than 90% of the human population, despite the fact that most carriers remain asymptomatic. EBV, the causative agent of infectious monucleosis, is associated with several human lymphoid and epithelial malignancies, including Burkit’s lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), T cell lymphoma and Hodgkin’s disease. LMPI, an integral membrane protein comprising 386 amino acids, consists of the N-terminus cytoplasmic domain of twenty four amino acids, six membrane-spanning domains of 162 amino acids, and a long cytoplasmic C-terminus of 200 amino acids.

研究問題 The phosphorylation of LMPI plays a significant role in regulating the function of LMPI. The C-terminus of LMPI, i.e. the main domain engaging the intracellular signal transductions, can be phosphorylated. The C-terminus contains several activating regions, i.e. CTAR1, CTAR2, and CTAR3, that determine the biological functions of the molecule. Although the function of CTAR2 has been extensively studied, certain aspects require further consideration. For instance, LMPI is known to activate at least seven signaling pathways.

研究問題的量化 According to previous studies, CTAR2 domains of LMPI activate around 75% of NT-KB activity compared with full-length LMPI. Whether CTAR1 accounts for the remaining 25% of NF-KB activity is unknown.

研究問題的中心 The inability to identify and characterize the remaining 25% function of CTAR1 prevents us from thoroughly understanding how this versatile molecule implements its function in EBV-induced transformation and, possibly, preventing the development of potential therapeutic targets for EBV-associated cancers.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

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