徵求調查研究中受訪者的態度為什麼很難? / 我如何使用焦點小組在我的定性研究數據收集策略? (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 10/24/2014

Jiao Bingzhen - Landscapes - Leaf 2

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
*徵求調查研究中受訪者的態度為什麼很難?
*我如何使用焦點小組在我的定性研究數據收集策略?(PART B)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (278) Essay structure and literature review
*代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5/12)
*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (37) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

徵求調查研究中受訪者的態度為什麼很難?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

* 可能沒有明確的態度來表達行為調查問題。

* 受訪者態度可能反映了幻想或昇華超過現實的回應。

* 受訪者可能不願意透露若干意見。

* 個人可以把意見化成無法預測的行動,如抑制和無所作為,位移到其他領域,和合理化。

* 個人可能缺乏信息資源採取行為。

* 個人可能沒有機會採取行動。

* 個人可能缺乏緊迫感採取行動。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 239)

我如何使用焦點小組在我的定性研究數據收集策略?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART B)

* 然而,焦點小組方法有幾個限制:

– 討論主持人可能有過於強烈的影響。

– 從總體觀點分離各個觀點可能是困難的。

– 獲得在一個小焦點小組具有代表性的樣本可能是困難的。

– 在團隊中,個人可能不太願意透露敏感信息。

– 焦點小組方法還可以具有對受試者有正面或負面的影響,尤其是當組成員彼此有專業或社會上關聯。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 236)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (278) Essay structure and literature review
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5/12)

如果代名詞所指的人物或事物不能交待清楚,也是徒增讀者困惑。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. Their consumption rate item in most cases stipulates that its demand rate depends on the stock
level when it is increasing.

6. As the machine operator, you must assume that a hazardous situation could occur on the shop
floor at any time.

7. Developing a more feasible approach to resolve the MCG problem is extremely difficult when it
contains many unknown variables.

8. The regression coefficient is statistically significant, which implies that a significant
relationship exists in the following form.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (37) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Radiation exposure increases the risk of cancer among the general population, as evidenced by medical radiation or radiation-contaminated environments such as 60Co contaminated buildings, nuclear power plants, professional use of radiation and radioactive substances. Given the complexity of radiation exposure in Taiwan, more thoroughly understanding irradiation safety-related issues is of priority concern.

研究問題 Despite the use of radiation dosimetery for acute high dose exposure as an effective means of estimating the exposure for individuals chronically exposed to ionizing radiation over a protracted period, dose reconstruction for individuals with previous long-term and low dose-rate radiation exposure has seldom been examined, especially when attempting to assess ionization radiation in order to define low dose rate exposures.

研究問題的量化 Exposure to high dosages of ionizing radiation may increase the incident rate of various cancers. For instance, more than 200 buildings constructed in Taiwan since 1982 were found to contain cobalt-60 contaminated steel. The rate at which individuals receive long-term and low dose-rate radiation exposure ranges from 0.50 to 500.00 uSv/hour, while the background dose rates in most buildings in Taiwan range from around 0.08 to 0.10uSv. Exposure to a low dose of ionizing radiation over an extended period of time leads to chronic illnesses.

研究問題的中心 While possibly damaging DNA and creating errors in DNA transcription, ionizing radiation may also directly induce the death of cells or cause gene mutation, subsequently increasing the incidence rate of cancer. The lack of an effective low dose rate assessment strategy for radiation-contaminated buildings, nuclear power plants, professional use of radiation and radioactive substances) poses a major health threat to the general public.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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