我如何在我的研究中有效地實行數據收集策略? / 在我的定性研究數據收集策略中我如何採用參與觀察? (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 10/22/2014

Album of the Yongzheng Emperor in Costumes 2

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
* 我如何在我的研究中有效地實行數據收集策略?(PART A)
* 在我的定性研究數據收集策略中我如何採用參與觀察?(PART A)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (276) Writing Research Proposals: Academic Writing for Business Students
* 代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3/12)
* 科學英文論文組織寫作 (37) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

我如何在我的研究中有效地實行數據收集策略?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART A)

* 不同的策略來收集數據,包括實驗,模擬,參與觀察,個案研究,焦點小組,調查研究,檔案數據的分析和內容分析。

* 結合不同的數據採集策略為一體的方法:讓每一個概念的多種措施導致比通過一個策略,採取單一測量更有效的結果。

* 結合數據收集策略的一個例子:焦點小組經常被用來支持調查問卷的數據。

* 結合數據收集策略的另一個例子:案例研究往往執行以支持存檔數據進行統計分析。

* 數據收集策略分為定性和定量。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 234 )

在我的定性研究數據收集策略中我如何採用參與觀察?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯) (PART A)

* 參與觀察提供了第一手資料,產生高效度,並且只用簡單和經濟的方法。

* 然而,參與觀察的數據收集技術依賴非系統性地主觀的測量,觀察到的行為可能產生曲解。

* 現象學的方法來參與觀察強調主觀認識和同情。現象學的方法有以下元素:

– 對時間的認識:根據觀察者的經驗,就某特定情況下時間順序記錄研究

– 對物理環境的認識: 觀察人和物理環境的關係

– 對比較經驗的認識:記錄對比社會環境中人的經驗

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 234)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (276) Writing Research Proposals: Academic Writing for Business Students
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
代名詞必須清楚的使用 (明白寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3/12)

如果代名詞所指的人物或事物不能交待清楚,也是徒增讀者困惑。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. Factors C, D, F, G and H significantly affect the response average. This indicates that F can
be adjusted based on the target value.

10. You should maintain a constant cutting speed even though the effective diameter of the cutting
changes during machining.

11. In most previous investigations, they do not consider the simultaneous effects of deterioration
and inflation.

12. A numerical example demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed method, which further
indicates that the total system cost will be incorrectly estimated if the deteriorating effect
and/or inflationary effect are neglected.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (37) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Originally an agricultural based economy that has shifted to an industrial based one, Taiwan now overproduces agricultural produce that can be found in rice as well as in traditional vegetable and fruit markets. However, even with these traditional markets, effectively dealing with agricultural overproduce is problematic. For agricultural overproduce in the international community, the cellulose microbe can not curtail food processing effectively, largely owing to the natural boundary of enzyme production for a thermostable enzyme.

研究問題 The cellulase in cultural heritage is subjected to hot stability, which is insufficiently high; the enzyme yield is low as well. Additionally, the natural boundary only has a small amount of mold and actinomyceses for the cellulase. Therefore, owing to that the natural boundary is not fast enough, agricultural overproduce can not be processed efficiently.

研究問題的量化 For instance, according to the Environmental Protection Administration of the Republic of China, Taiwan has 6,000,000 tons of agricultural overproduce that must be processed annually. However, this overproduce can not be processed entirely. Taiwan has 2,300,000 tons of agricultural overproduce in rice, while traditional vegetable and fruit markets generate 600,000 tons. Such overproduce can not be processed efficiently.

研究問題的中心 The inability to produce a thermostable enzyme would make it impossible to handle the overwhelming amount of agricultural produce in Taiwan, resulting in serious environmental pollution.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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