當我正在進行一項定性研究的同行評議時我應該問的一般問題有那些? / 學術期刊同行評議的一些潛在缺點是什麼? (研究生英文編修出版投稿日報) 10/4/2014

Ma Lin-Strolling at Night Holding a Candle

研究生英文編修出版投稿日報:
*當我正在進行一項定性研究的同行評議時我應該問的一般問題有那些?
*學術期刊同行評議的一些潛在缺點是什麼?
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (258) Principles of Memory
*明白寫作 (英文編修訓練) (12 / 15)
*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (32) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文編修出版新聞

當我正在進行一項定性研究的同行評議時我應該問的一般問題有那些?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

*作者充分說明採樣的方法和設置是什麼?

*作者試圖減少數據收集過程中的主觀性?

*作者試圖最大化數據的可靠性?

– 例如,是否有第二個獨立的研究者重複數據的收集?

*作者對數據的解釋和結果加以分開?

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson (p. 55 )

學術期刊同行評議的一些潛在缺點是什麼?(柯泰德英文編修翻譯)

*期刊審稿人很少同意手稿被公開,使得同行評審過程不可靠。

*期刊審稿人的建議往往失之偏頗。

– 判斷並非完全基於科學價值,而且還受作者或審稿人個人素質影響。

*審稿人的判斷和論文對科學界的後續效用之間很少或根本沒有關係,由以後對科學論文的引用看出。

*同行評議是低效的,因為它延遲論文發表。

*同行評議往往抑制了創新的和非常規的想法公佈;同行評議也是費時又費錢。

*同行評議可造成對個人的傷害,尤其使新作者痛苦。

Scientific Peer Review by Lutz Bornmann (p. 203)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (258) Principles of Memory
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
明白寫作 (英文編修訓練) (12 / 15)

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

6. The proposed procedure can be easily implemented in an industrial setting. This is despite the
fact that it lacks a rigorous theoretical justification.

7. The SN ratio allows optimization of the parameter design procedure and that this procedure is
decomposed into two smaller optimization steps.

8. The proposed method is accurate, effective and does not cost that much.

9. The derived solution not only provides a feasible strategy, but also measurements of the
position are accurate.

科技英文寫作者常常寫非所想,當然誤導了讀者,此時明白寫作就很重要,除了要把文章寫得精確以外,更要使讀者不誤解您的意思。

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (32) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 With the increasing incidence of acute ischemia strokes in recent year, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to diagnose its early early stages. While diffusion weighted MRI is an effective means of detecting acute strokes, water diffusion has been introduced as an additional MRI contrast parameter. While demonstrating the feasibility of using diffusion MRI to detect acute strokes in early stages, Mosely indicated a significantly lowered diffusion coefficient in acute stroke areas. This finding has become an important application of diffusion MRI since conventional MRI has too low of a contrast for ischemic results, especially in the very early and potentially reversible phase. As is well known, among the available MRI aproaches, diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is an important clinical procedure for diagnosing acute cerebral infarctions.

研究問題 However, the conventional means of diagnosing acute cerebral infarctions, in which clinical physicians review the medical history of patients and current conditions as well as make a subjective assessment in diagnosing stroke cases, normally makes it impossible not only to diagnose patients with an acute stroke the first time, but also to identify the type and regional geography of such a stroke accurately.

研究問題的量化 For some stroke patients, conventionally used computed tomography methods examine acute brain strokes, whose acute infraction area has normally extended for over 24 hours. However, diffusion-weighted MRI examines acute infraction stroke more effectively than CT does, i.e. up to 6 hours less time during examination of acute infract strokes. However, when traditional DWI examination is performed to understand precisely the stroke type and field range aspect, clinical physicians can only diagnose an acute brain stroke from an image through visual observation. For instance, a small infarct has a size of less than 3 mm.

研究問題的中心 The inability to diagnose an acute infract stroke accurately upon first examination makes it impossible for clinical physicians to perform gold period grant medication therapy for stroke patients. Consequently, the therapeutic outcome is poor, with the extent of brain tissue damage not minimized to the lowest possible level, possibly losing the opportunity for complete recovery of functions.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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