期刊評審如何評估我研究論文中的科學行為? / 什麼是學術期刊上同行評審遵循的一些基本原則? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 8/1/2014

HDR on Spectacular Hualien, Taiwan (3987731382)

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*期刊評審如何評估我研究論文中的科學行為?
*什麼是學術期刊上同行評審遵循的一些基本原則?
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (194) Data, Journals and Academic Publishers
*常用主動語氣 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (5/12)
*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (16) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

期刊評審如何評估我研究論文中的科學行為?(柯泰德翻譯)

*沒有抄襲的任何實例。

*正確地指明研究想法和其他研究人員文獻來源。

*正確地指明文稿中數據來源或先前研究的作者。

*沒有明顯利益衝突。

*有倫理委員會或機構審查委員會批准,如果研究直接涉及人體實驗或和其相關的數據。

Guide Published for Peer Reviewers of Research Manuscripts by Barbara Gastel

什麼是學術期刊上同行評審遵循的一些基本原則?(柯泰德翻譯)

*國內外學術刊物審稿應該只同意審閱相同專業上的手稿, 做出及時的適當專業評估。

*國內外學術刊物審稿應該尊重作者的保密性和不露手稿審查期間或之後的同行評審過程的任何細節。

*國內外學術刊物審稿人不應該使用在同行評議過程中的優勢,獲得個人想要的信息。

*國內外學術刊物審稿應申明所有潛在的利益衝突。

*國內外學術刊物審稿人不應該讓自己的評論受到作者不同民族,宗教或政治信仰或性別上影響。

*國內外學術刊物審稿應該是呈現客觀和建設性的評論。

*國內外學術刊物審稿不應該是敵對; 審稿人不應該誹謗或貶損作者個人意見。

*國內外學術刊物審稿是準確和代表審稿人的專業知識的個人和專業信息。

*國內外學術刊物審稿應指明作者對他人的內容模仿是嚴重的不當行為。

Guidelines for Peer Reviewers by Irene Hames

學術英文投稿教學影片 (194) Data, Journals and Academic Publishers
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
常用主動語氣 (精確英文寫作) (英文編修訓練) (5/12)

就像先前所說,如何用最少的字來表達一個完整的意念通常是科技寫作者一個大挑戰,然而這裡有一個祕訣,那就是使用主動語法。請記住主動語氣使句子更直接,明確及更有說服力。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. Accurate measurement of a multi-response performance is required by the designer.

2. A series of steps is included in the proposed optimization procedure for when the Taguchi method is applied by an engineer.

3. Selections among some courses of action must be made by the user in the presence of multiple attributes.

4. Subjective assessment of the importance of each response by the user is allowed by the proposed method.

5. Assessment of a desirability value is impossible by a user under some circumstances.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (16) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Pioneered by Professor Rossi for microdosimetric investigation of radiation in 1960, a dosimetric method based on a low pressure tissue equivalent proportional counter has been extensively adopted in radiation dosimetry. According to the International Commission on Radiation Units and Measurements, microdosimetric parameters consist of energy deposited, specific energy and energy imparted. This counter is a spherical chamber with a tissue equivalent wall and filled with tissue equivalent gas. As the principal instrument of microdosimetry based on the Bragg-Gray cavity principle, this gas-filled counter determines the dose and dose equivalent to small volumes of human tissue when high energy radiation is behind the shielding of high energy accelerator and spacecraft.

研究問題 A linear accelerator can accelerate electrons to generate high energy electrons or x-ray with different energy regions, thus producing a photonuclear reaction when the energy exceeds 10 MeV. This reaction subsequently emits neutrons. When human tissue is irradiated by the bremmsstrahlung photon, as created in a linear accelerator, the patient receives a significant dose of photo-produced neutrons. However, the tissue equivalent proportional counter for a linear accelerator with one or more products and neutrons of microdosimetry has not been investigated experimentally.

研究問題的量化 Additionally, the neutron response of a tissue equivalent proportional counter depends on the atomic composition of gas in a neutron energy region below 300 keV. The neutron response depends on the atomic composition of the counter for neutrons above 300 keV. While the regular spherical shape of the counter was selected so that its response would be more or less independent of the direction from which the radiation emits, the spherical shape is a challenging task for design purposes.

研究問題的中心 Neutron response depends on construction of the tissue equivalent proportional counter and atomic composition of materials used in a counter design. Therefore, given various radiation types, measurement methods and angles for the linear accelerator, enhancing the counter design and materials is problematic. Moreover, measuring the equivalent dose of high energy neutrons is problematic for radiation protection dosimetry and microdosimetry owing to the lack of standard devices for investigating the mixed radiation field.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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