為我的分析研究選擇一個課題時應該問什麼問題? / 為我的研究課題進行文獻回顧時我應該問什麼問題?: 研究生英文出版投稿日報 7/8/2014

研究生英文出版投稿日報:

*為我的分析研究選擇一個課題時應該問什麼問題? (PART B)

*為我的研究課題進行文獻回顧時我應該問什麼問題?

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (170) Why many students fail in academic research writing

*避免過度使用It 及 There開頭句 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3 / 10)

*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (10) : (第一部分:背景)

Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

為我的分析研究選擇一個課題時應該問什麼問題? (PART B)

*你有沒有發現你的因變量?

*你有沒有考慮,如果你因變量實際上是兩種或兩種以上的,每個都需要一個單獨的因果解釋?

*你有沒有亝照過專業著作,以制定相關的獨立變量的列表?

*你有沒有對任何有關你的主題記筆記?

*在做筆記時,你有沒有引用一個準確的記錄格式?

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 17)

為我的研究課題進行文獻回顧時我應該問什麼問題?

*什麼樣的關係在我的研究文章中進行討論,以及它們如何與我的命題相關?

*什麼影響,約束, 變量和連結在研究文章中使用? 它們如何與我的模型相關?

*哪些變量或信息被遺漏了,無論是在研究文章或研究人員的模型中?

*什麼證據被提出及通過什麼方法呢?

*有什麼替代理論可適用於研究人員的模型?

*有沒有文章的作家有一個明顯的偏見,並已研究這個偏見在他或她自己的工作可能出現的偏差?

*研究文章有什麼假設?有沒有其他假設似合理的,並導致不同的結論?

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (p. 18)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (170) Why many students fail in academic research writing
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

避免過度使用It 及 There開頭句 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3 / 10)
使用It 及 There 開頭的句子容易使文章語多累贅及曖昧不清。除非It 指的是先前句子所提特定的名詞,否則完全的避免 It is 的句型。數個由It is 開頭的句型應去除掉,因為他們對句意並沒幫助。如果不能完全省略去除掉這種句型,則應更為精簡的描述全句。

範例一
Original
It was the recommendation of that study that the four measures: setting fuel efficiency standard for new vehicles, promoting hybrid vehicles, requirement of low emission vehicle for fleet, and settle vehicle use limitation in rush hours, should be initiated in Taiwan’s near future.

Revised
That study recommended four timely measures for Taiwan, i.e. establishing a fuel efficiency standard for new vehicles, promoting hybrid vehicles, mandating low emission vehicles for fleets, and limiting vehicular use during rush hour traffic.

範例二
Original
It is found that the percentage of metro users have increased drastically given the last quarter of average number of metro passengers are more than the annual average number of metro users of 2009 by nearly 200 people, corresponding to Zhao (2009)’s founding that there is a trend of urban transport demand shifting from taxies and buses to rail transits. Therefore, the policy scenarios are designed according to the trend of ascending number in the volume of metro users, given that the overall public transport ridership remains the same.

Revised
The number of metro passengers has significantly increased in percentage, as evidenced by their average number reaching nearly 200 during 2009 over the same period of the previous year. This finding corresponds to the observation of Zhao (2009) of a trend of shifting demand in urban transportation from taxis and buses to rail transit. Subsequent transportation policies thus reflect the growing volume trend of metro passengers, given that the overall number of public transportation passengers remains the same.

範例(三)
Original
It was summarized that, for LDVs, fossil or nuclear feedstock, the percentage changes in CO2-equivalent emissions lie between -27.6% and 102.1%; for LDVs, biomass feedstock, the percentage changes in CO2-equivalent emissions lie between -65.0% and 10.9%; for Battery EVs, the percentage changes in CO2-equivalent emissions lie between -99.0% and -22.7%.

Revised
According to their results, for LDVs, fossil or nuclear feedstock, CO2-equivalent emissions range from a change of -27.6% to 102.1%; for LDVs, biomass feedstock, CO2-equivalent emissions range from a change of -65.0% to 10.9%; and for battery EVs, CO2-equivalent emissions range from a change of -99.0% to -22.7%.

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (10) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 As is well known, silver nanoparticles have an affinity with a protein’s thiol and amino group. Surface plasma resonance (SPR), a biosensor, can detect proteins because silver nanoparticles have a coating on SPR, necessitating the ability to use SPR sensitively and accurately to detect proteins. For instance, a protein containing amyloid B-derived diffusible ligands (ADDLs) causes Alzheimer’s disease.

研究問題 Although local SPR (LSPR) is more sensitive and accurate than the conventionally adopted SPR, LSPR has many nanostructures, explaining why sensitivity and accuracy are of priority concern. Moreover, the conventionally adopted SPR is more expensive than LSPR.

研究問題的量化 While the sensitivity of SPR is 100pM, LSPR must have a higher sensitivity and accuracy, hopefully below 1pM.

研究問題的中心 Developing a biosensor without a LSPR would lead to a more expensive detector. Moreover, the inability to increase the sensitivity and accuracy of a biosensor makes it impossible to detect the biomolecular structure in early stages, subsequently creating greater probles such as an increased societal burden in caring for such patients.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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