*為我的分析研究選擇一個課題時應該問什麼問題？ (PART B)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (170) Why many students fail in academic research writing
*避免過度使用It 及 There開頭句 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3 / 10)
*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (10) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞
*什麼影響，約束, 變量和連結在研究文章中使用? 它們如何與我的模型相關？
學術英文投稿教學影片 (170) Why many students fail in academic research writing
避免過度使用It 及 There開頭句 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3 / 10)
使用It 及 There 開頭的句子容易使文章語多累贅及曖昧不清。除非It 指的是先前句子所提特定的名詞，否則完全的避免 It is 的句型。數個由It is 開頭的句型應去除掉，因為他們對句意並沒幫助。如果不能完全省略去除掉這種句型，則應更為精簡的描述全句。
It was the recommendation of that study that the four measures: setting fuel efficiency standard for new vehicles, promoting hybrid vehicles, requirement of low emission vehicle for fleet, and settle vehicle use limitation in rush hours, should be initiated in Taiwan’s near future.
That study recommended four timely measures for Taiwan, i.e. establishing a fuel efficiency standard for new vehicles, promoting hybrid vehicles, mandating low emission vehicles for fleets, and limiting vehicular use during rush hour traffic.
It is found that the percentage of metro users have increased drastically given the last quarter of average number of metro passengers are more than the annual average number of metro users of 2009 by nearly 200 people, corresponding to Zhao (2009)’s founding that there is a trend of urban transport demand shifting from taxies and buses to rail transits. Therefore, the policy scenarios are designed according to the trend of ascending number in the volume of metro users, given that the overall public transport ridership remains the same.
The number of metro passengers has significantly increased in percentage, as evidenced by their average number reaching nearly 200 during 2009 over the same period of the previous year. This finding corresponds to the observation of Zhao (2009) of a trend of shifting demand in urban transportation from taxis and buses to rail transit. Subsequent transportation policies thus reflect the growing volume trend of metro passengers, given that the overall number of public transportation passengers remains the same.
It was summarized that, for LDVs, fossil or nuclear feedstock, the percentage changes in CO2-equivalent emissions lie between -27.6% and 102.1%; for LDVs, biomass feedstock, the percentage changes in CO2-equivalent emissions lie between -65.0% and 10.9%; for Battery EVs, the percentage changes in CO2-equivalent emissions lie between -99.0% and -22.7%.
According to their results, for LDVs, fossil or nuclear feedstock, CO2-equivalent emissions range from a change of -27.6% to 102.1%; for LDVs, biomass feedstock, CO2-equivalent emissions range from a change of -65.0% to 10.9%; and for battery EVs, CO2-equivalent emissions range from a change of -99.0% to -22.7%.
研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?
研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?
研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
研究建構 As is well known, silver nanoparticles have an affinity with a protein’s thiol and amino group. Surface plasma resonance (SPR), a biosensor, can detect proteins because silver nanoparticles have a coating on SPR, necessitating the ability to use SPR sensitively and accurately to detect proteins. For instance, a protein containing amyloid B-derived diffusible ligands (ADDLs) causes Alzheimer’s disease.
研究問題 Although local SPR (LSPR) is more sensitive and accurate than the conventionally adopted SPR, LSPR has many nanostructures, explaining why sensitivity and accuracy are of priority concern. Moreover, the conventionally adopted SPR is more expensive than LSPR.
研究問題的量化 While the sensitivity of SPR is 100pM, LSPR must have a higher sensitivity and accuracy, hopefully below 1pM.
研究問題的中心 Developing a biosensor without a LSPR would lead to a more expensive detector. Moreover, the inability to increase the sensitivity and accuracy of a biosensor makes it impossible to detect the biomolecular structure in early stages, subsequently creating greater probles such as an increased societal burden in caring for such patients.