我如何在我的研究論文或技術文件的引用加入內容? / 我怎樣才能在我的研究論文有效地使用首字母縮寫詞? : 研究生英文投稿日報 6/30/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我如何在我的研究論文或技術文件的引用加入內容? (PART B)

*我怎樣才能在我的研究論文有效地使用首字母縮寫詞?

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (162) : Data Citation Index

*強有力的動詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (9 / 14)

*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (8) : (第一部分:背景)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我如何在我的研究論文或技術文件的引用加入內容? (PART B)

*拼寫錯誤,錯誤的數據,或者在邏輯上明顯的錯誤可以顯示為“ [sic]”

*當正確的拼寫,數字,日期,或其他錯誤並不明顯,此時把正確的信息放在方括號中。

*請使用方括號 [ ] ,說明信息來源丟失。這種做法通常發生在來源已損壞且無法讀取。

*在括號中加入澄清說明文字。這樣的說明文字可能包括斜體字的來源,代名詞參考的解釋,翻譯,及其他種的澄清

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (8.48-8.53)

我怎樣才能在我的研究論文有效地使用首字母縮寫詞?

*如果在整個文件中只出現兩三次則不要使用縮寫詞,除非它是一個眾所周知的首字母縮寫詞,如IBM。

*根據您所提交期刊的規則,在文章的開頭你可能想要列出所有縮寫詞和它們的定義,使讀者可以更容易地找到它們。

*避免在插圖使用縮寫詞或在圖中的標題定義它們。

*避免在標題和研究論文的副標題使用首字母縮寫詞,因為讀者往往由此讀取一個文件的結構。

*保守地使用首字母縮寫。在你的研究論文中太多不必要首字母縮寫會混淆讀者。

*定義所有的首字母縮寫詞,除了那些在您發表期刊中讀者已通常理解的。

Scientific Writing by Jean-Luc Lebrun (p. 4)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (162) : Data Citation Index
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

強有力的動詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (9 / 14)

使用動詞使句子意念表現的更清晰,有些動詞則無法有力闡示一個動作,如 is、are、was、were、has、give、make、come,還有take等都屬此類。
作者應使用強有力的動詞來指明一個清楚的行為。

範例一
Original
Traditionally, to guarantee the quality of LED, the packaging factory is used to relying on human inspectors. LEDs produce diversity type of defects containing surface stains, wrong coating, foreign marks and contour defects in the manufacturing process, while it will destroy the whole packaging ribbon if anyone is wrong polar orientation or over turn in the packaging process.

Revised
In practice, ensuring LED quality necessitates that the packaging factory depends on human inspectors. LEDs produce diverse defects involving surface stains, wrong coatings, foreign marks and contour defects during manufacturing, subsequently destroying the entire packaging ribbon in case of an erroneous polar orientation or a turnover during the packaging process.

範例二
Original
As supply chain of LED manufacturers face competition from raw wafers to packaging, a greater emphasis for packaging factory is being placed on responsiveness to downstream vendors.

Revised
As the supply chain of LED manufacturers competes with producers of raw wafers to packaging, packaging factories must increasingly respond to downstream vendors.

範例三
Original
Results of this study provide a demonstration in manufacturing cost reduction by using of early-warning model for the power failure crisis, get further with providing more accurate reliability specifications for higher products reliability, to effectively solve the problems of product quality surplus and parts inventory excess.

Revised
Results of this study demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed early-warning model in reducing manufacturing costs during a power failure crisis, subsequently achieving accurate reliability specifications to enhance enhanced product reliability and resolve problems involving a surplus in product quality and excess of parts inventory.

範例四
Original
Although merger is one of the strategies for the company which is goingto expand, the long term result can have far reaching influence like R&D capability enhancement or destruction. The merger can also help or harm the whole industry, and even the general public, because of the close relation between drugs and public health.

Revised
Although a merger represents an effective strategy for company expansion, the long term outcome can either enhance or inhibit R&D capabilities of the entire industry, as well as the general public since pharmaceuticals and public health are closely related.

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (8) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 The conventional means of treating coronary artery disease is percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) combining stents. However, according to the results of a three-year follow up study, the restenosis rate approaches 25%, necessitating a more effective treatment procedure to decrease this rate.

研究問題 Conventional stent belongs to a foreign body for humans, easily inducing smooth muscle proliferation. If the stent is an eluted drug on its surface, avoiding the drug run off in a relatively short time and determining the most optimal dose area of priority concern. The inability to resolve this problem results in recurrent PTCA treatment for 20%-30% of all CAD patients.

研究問題的量化 For instance, a concentration under 10-2 ug for the eluted drug makes it impossible to control smooth muscle proliferation. However, a concentration exceeding 1 ug would be toxic, subsequently inducing an aneurysm. Eluted with a polymer technique, the drug is classified according to the speed of release: slow, medium or fast release. Exactly which approach is the most effective one must be determined.

研究問題的中心 The inability of the stent to resist the proliferation of a smooth muscle makes it impossible to decrease the incidence rate of in-stent restenosis. To avoid this situation, much effort has been expended in developing an effective drug that prevents the further proliferation of smooth muscles.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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