什麼是使用引語時一般性的準則? / 在我的研究論文或技術文件中我應該在什麼時候引用信息來源? : 研究生英文投稿日報 6/24/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*什麼是使用引語時一般性的準則?

*在我的研究論文或技術文件中我應該在什麼時候引用信息來源? (PART A)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (156) : What is Cited Reference Search?

*強有力的動詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3 / 14)

*科學英文論文組織寫作 (7) : (第一部分:背景)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

什麼是使用引語時一般性的準則?

*引語盡量簡短。

*引語盡可能傳達整體含義。

*使用句子讓引語自然地適應你寫作的邏輯,文法及句法。

*盡可能限制冗長的引語,雖然你可能需要他們當大多數讀者無法取得這方面信息時。

*長引語應放在一個單獨的附錄信息,並使用標準的腳註來引用它。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (8.10-8.11)

在我的研究論文或技術文件中我應該在什麼時候引用信息來源? (PART A)

*引用一個想法來源或一個想法的一個特定表達方式。

*在下列情況下需要引用研究論文或技術文件:

– 直接語錄:當另一位研究員的話,數據或想法都想要直接使用

– 間接語錄:複述或概括另一位研究員的話或想法,特別是在第一次引入一個想法或概念。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (8.12-8.15)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (156) : What is Cited Reference Search?
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

強有力的動詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (3 / 14)

範例一
Original
Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007) argued the urge to lower the atmospheric CO2 levels since that atmospheric CO2 stands as the most essential element of greenhouse gases (GHG), which are responsible for today’s global warming. According to Pew Center’s online announcement, the historical atmospheric CO2 levels data are closely related with the historical average global surface temperature fluctuations.

Revised
The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) (2007) prioritized the lowering of atmospheric CO2 levels, which are largely responsible for global warming, as they represent the most essential element of greenhouse gases (GHG). The Pew Center announced online recently that historical atmospheric CO2 levels closely correspond to fluctuations in the historical average global surface temperature.

範例二
Original

It is not often in scope of hospitals about the medical waste disposal firms. According to Department of Environmental, the environmental protection service trade to investigate result to point out, the medical waste disposal firms add up to 456 household up to the end of 2000, but its firms is not big in scale, to cause industry firm is limited to economic scale, so the service offered is very different.

Revised
The scope of services that medical waste disposal firms provide does not always match the needs of individual hospitals. According to the Environmental Protection Administration of the Republic of China, although 456 medical waste disposal firms were operating by the end of 2000, their small-scale size limited its scope of services in handling certain wastes.

範例三
Original
Web Service is a key application on the Internet. Many business or services are provided over internet is using web server. A few standards of web functionality has been clearly defined so web client and server software can operating well among different vendors.

Revised
Many commercial services that are provided online depend on a reliable web server for daily operations. Web client and server software can operate well among different vendors owing to clearly defined standards of web functionality.

範例四
Original
Magnetic abrasive finishing (MAF) possesses many attractive advantages, such as self-sharpening, self-adaptability and self-controllability, therefore, MAF can remove the deteriorated layers and micro cracks from the workpiece, and obtaining the mirror-like surface easily.

Revised
Among the several advantages of magnetic abrasive finishing (MAF) include its self-sharpening, self-adaptability and self-controllability capabilities, enabling it to remove deteriorated layers and micro cracks from a work piece and easily obtain a mirror-like surface.

使用動詞使句子意念表現的更清晰,有些動詞則無法有力闡示一個動作,如 is、are、was、were、has、give、make、come,還有take等都屬此類。
作者應使用強有力的動詞來指明一個清楚的行為。

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (7) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 A wound dressing attempts to ensure optimal healing by easing pain and preventing trauma infection. Composition of the wound dressing and its adherence to the skin largely deteriorates its therapeutic effectiveness. Additionally, composition of the medicine enables the wound to heal, while the medicine carrier ensures the staying power of the wound dressing on the skin.

研究問題 Wounded skin often destroys its collagen, necessitating that the wound dressing contains collagen. Also, collagen extracted from an animal organism often requires adding other materials to facilitate extraction, possibly causing the user to become allergic to the wound dressing.

研究問題的量化 As is widely assumed, cysteine protease is the predominant class of protease in plants. Its use in medicine can help to remove wound bacterium and shorten treatment time, providing alternatives conventional treatment methods which are unable to do so.

研究問題的中心 The inability to resolve the potential threat of anaphylaxis may incur other adverse side effects and reduce the effectiveness of therapeutic treatment.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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