我怎樣才能在我的研究論文或技術文件正確地使用引語? / 什麼是為我的研究論文或技術文檔的國際讀者使用的全球英語一般規則?: 研究生英文投稿日報 6/23/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我怎樣才能在我的研究論文或技術文件正確地使用引語? (PART B)

*什麼是為我的研究論文或技術文檔的國際讀者使用的全球英語一般規則? (PART C)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (155) : Journal Citation Reports: Immediacy Index

*強有力的動詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (2 / 14)

*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (6) : (第二部分:行動)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我怎樣才能在我的研究論文或技術文件正確地使用引語? (PART B)

*當不使用引語:

– 不要使用引語,如果它沒有提供特殊的信息或引語無法得出結果。

– 不要使用引語,如果意譯或摘要可以更簡潔地提供相同的信息。

– 如果你用這麼多的使用引語,而不是你自己寫的,可能有過度使用引語的法律問題。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (8.7-8.9)

什麼是為我的研究論文或技術文檔的國際讀者使用的全球英語一般規則? (PART C)

*將一個字的修飾字,如“only” , “not”和“all”,放在它修飾的詞前面。

– 大多數(如果不是全部)介詞可以在短語修飾任一名詞或動詞時使用。

*請清楚表示每個關係子句被明顯修飾的部份

*請清楚表示每個不定詞被明顯修飾的部份

*當一個介詞短語修飾動詞或動詞詞組,考慮將介詞短語放在句子的開頭,以簡化或澄清句子主要部分的結構。

*使每個句子語法和語義完整

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (2.15-2.29)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (155) : Journal Citation Reports: Immediacy Index
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

強有力的動詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (2 / 14)
使用動詞使句子意念表現的更清晰,有些動詞則無法有力闡示一個動作,如 is、are、was、were、has、give、make、come,還有take等都屬此類。
作者應使用強有力的動詞來指明一個清楚的行為。

範例一
Original
Besides the advantage mentioned above, the customized software program is very friendly. The customized software program can avert personnel errors and very easy to operate. The proposed customized software program can create each report when you request and very shortly to finish it.

Revised
In addition to the above merit, the user friendly and customized software program can avert personnel errors, simplify operations and create requested reports efficiently.

範例二
Original
If the present rate is maintained, Himalayan glaciers are likely to shrink by 100,000 m2 by the year 2035. According to Qin (2009), this will bring drought to north India and intensify floods in southern China and droughts in the north. From this point, it is learned that billions of people’s lives are at jeopardy for the water deficiency at present and in the future.

Revised
Under the current rate, by 2035, Himalayan glaciers will likely shrink by 100,000 km2. Qin (2009) posits that such a dilemma will not only bring drought to northern India, but also intensify floods in the south and droughts in the north of China. From the above finding, we can infer that current and future water shortages will jeopardize the livelihoods of billions of people.

範例三
Original
Shanghai, possessing the world’s largest public transport system network and longest public transport system mileage, could be viewed as the representative location for a more holistic investigation on China’s urban area passenger transportation system.

Revised
With the largest public transportation system infrastructure globally in terms of square miles, Shanghai represents the ideal location for investigating holistically the passenger transportation system in urban China.

範例四
Original
The reducing weight of the fighter plane is our quite important topic. In a situation that the engine power can’t be improved, the problem should be solved of a fighter plane at present is how to lighten the weight of the fuselage. Though many high performance materials are available, the strength and light material is not easy to obtain for fuselage demands.

Revised
The defense sector heavily emphasizes reducing the weight of fighter planes. Increasing the engine power of such planes heavily depends on the ability to lighten the fuselage weight. Despite the availability of many high-performance materials, a high endurance yet light material is extremely difficult to obtain when complying with fuselage requirements.

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (6) : (第二部分:行動)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 Based on the above, we should develop a novel material, i.e. polycrystalline diamond films produced by chemical vapor deposition (CVD), for determining efficiently and straightforwardly the radiation dose of patients or staff.

達成目標的方法 To do so, following illumination by indoor light, CVD diamond films can be analyzed to characterize their fundamental properties. CVD diamond films irradiated by a linear accelerator can then be counted to elucidate the behavior of CVD diamond films in a high-energy region.

希望的結果 As anticipated, in addition to this new thermoluminescence material reducing additional annealing time,, CVD diamond films are a good dosimeter owing to their sensitivity to high-energy radiation.

領域的貢獻 Moreover, without the requirement of annealing, this material is highly promising for other applications, especially in radiotherapy.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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