什麼是為我的研究論文或技術文檔的國際讀者使用的全球英語一般規則? / 我怎樣才能在我的研究論文或技術文件正確地使用引語?: 研究生英文投稿日報 6/22/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*什麼是為我的研究論文或技術文檔的國際讀者使用的全球英語一般規則? (PART B)

*我怎樣才能在我的研究論文或技術文件正確地使用引語? (PART A)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (154) : Essential Science Indicators: Baselines

*強有力的動詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (1 / 14)

*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (6) : (第一部分:背景)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

什麼是為我的研究論文或技術文檔的國際讀者使用的全球英語一般規則? (PART B)

*分解長名詞語句:避免使用含有多於三個詞的名詞語句。

*請確保每個代名詞清楚地指出意思

– 兩個代名詞, “it”和“them” 往往晦澀不明。

– 代詞必須具有相同的性別和數量(單數或複數)作為其先行詞。

*將一個字的修飾字,如“only” , “not”和“all”,放在它修飾的詞前面。

– “Not”是常放在錯誤位置的一個字修飾字。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (2.15-2.29)

我怎樣才能在我的研究論文或技術文件正確地使用引語? (PART A)

*引語是在自己文件中引用他人的話,想法,物件或數據(包括數據顯示,插圖,和線上音頻和視頻材料)。

*當決定是否使用引語,考慮以下因素:

– 引用一個既定的來源使人們有理由相信你。

– 引語經由通過分離本文的特定部分強調信息。

– 引語能夠幫助創建一個構建良好的論據。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (8.7-8.9)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (154) : Essential Science Indicators: Baselines
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

強有力的動詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (1 / 14)
使用動詞使句子意念表現的更清晰,有些動詞則無法有力闡示一個動作,如 is、are、was、were、has、give、make、come,還有take等都屬此類。
作者應使用強有力的動詞來指明一個清楚的行為。

範例一
Original
In China, drought’s influences on irrigation, industry and daily use are gradually raised about due to the higher uncertainty in precipitation season and glacier recessions. The Himalayas system, encompassing about 12, 000 km3 of freshwater, feeding the Asia’s seven major rivers, are responsible for 2.4 billions of population’s livelihood.

Revised
Droughts in China have increasingly influenced irrigation, industry and daily water consumption, owing to a high degree of uncertainty during the precipitation season and glacier recessions. While encompassing approximately 12,000 km3 of freshwater, the Himalayan system, i.e. the primary source for Asia’s seven major rivers, provides the livelihoods of 2.4 billion of the global population.

範例二
Original
Directors of admissions in hospitals must become better to their service and product in the industry. They must do so by understanding what the customer want and how to do can success by us. Therefore, developing market strategies is important.

Revised
Directors of hospital admissions must enhance the quality of offered products and services in the medical sector by understanding customer preferences, necessitating the importance of developing effective marketing strategies.

範例三
Original
So far, there is little popularity using e-learning system in Taiwan, therefore, the chance for a person to learn and test himself decreasing. It is no way to gain more learning opportunities to achieve the goal he wishes.

Revised
With e-learning in its infancy in Taiwan, individuals lack ample opportunities to pursue an education online. This lack of learning opportunities makes it difficult for individuals to fully realize their educational goals.

範例四
Original
The traditional transistor isolation technique is used “LOCUS” (local oxidation of silicon) technique. However, LOCOS will result in “Bird’s Beak” effect and the shallow depth of formed FOX (field oxide).

Revised
The conventional transistor isolation method of local oxidation of silicon (LOCOS) incurs the Bird’s Beak” effect and a shallow depth of formed field oxide (FOX).

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (6) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Surgery, radiotherapy and chemical therapy are three conventional approaches to treat cancer. Radiotherapy is the most effective means of using radiation for successful resolution. Owing to their inability to estimate precisely the dose required for cancer patients, conventional radiotherapy methods normally underestimate or overestimate the actual treatment dose.

研究問題 Therefore, how to evaluate the proper and correct dose exactly and efficiently is of priority concern in radiotherapy. For instance, conventional dose measurement methods depend on thermoluminescence dosimeter (TLD), which is inefficient owing to that it requires six to eight hours to reuse. Estimating the accurate radiation dose for treatment efficiently is essential during a radiation examination or radiotherapy course.

研究問題的量化 For instance, a thermoluminescence dosimeter (TLD) is conventionally used to estimate the radiation dose because this approach spends too much time in annealing or the next time measurement. For one time use, TLD wastes approximately six to eight hours to prepare. Thus, the same group of TLDs can only make two counts in one day.

研究問題的中心 The inability to reduce the time that TLD spends in annealing results in an unnecessarily long time in waiting for experimental results.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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