什麼是我的研究論文或技術文檔引用資料來源的一些法律準則? / 什麼是為我的研究論文或技術文檔的國際讀者使用的全球英語一般規則? : 研究生英文投稿日報 6/21/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*什麼是我的研究論文或技術文檔引用資料來源的一些法律準則?

*什麼是為我的研究論文或技術文檔的國際讀者使用的全球英語一般規則? (PART A)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (153) : Essential Science Indicators: Introduction

*動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (8 / 8)

*科學英文論文組織寫作 (6) : (第二部分:行動)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

什麼是我的研究論文或技術文檔引用資料來源的一些法律準則?

*如果您不能確定是否要引用您的研究論文或技術文件的資料來源,此時應引用它。

*如果您已經引用了這麼多資料來源,且你不能確定是否需要資料來源許可,此時應取得許可。

*如果您不確定是否得到許可,此時應請教合法來源,出版商,或您的研究導師。

*對於每一個引用,考慮

– 如果必須引用資料,則正確的歸因引用來源。

– 資料應被準確地再現,轉述或歸納總結,以保持作者原意。

– 版權持有者需要授予引用者權限。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (8.4-8.6)

什麼是為我的研究論文或技術文檔的國際讀者使用的全球英語一般規則? (PART A)

*說明清楚你的意思:不要指望期刊讀者或譯者理解你說“的意思”,而不是你“寫的內容。 ”

*保持動詞短語和動詞時態越簡單越好。

*分解長名詞語句:避免使用含有多於三個詞的名詞語句。

-加上介詞短語或關係從句分割很長的名詞語句成一個較短的名詞短語。

– 或者,使用連字符來表示這在名詞串詞是密切相關的。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (2.15-2.29)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (153) : Essential Science Indicators: Introduction
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (8 / 8)

範例一
Original
The current major climate change impacts from the soaring atmospheric CO2 density are sea level rise, acid rain, extreme weather events, unpredictable precipitation seasons, drought and wild fire, unbalance in ecological chain, epidemic disease, food shortage, floods, landslides and mudslides, which are correlated and coexisting.

Revised
Major climate changes such as rising sea levels, acid rain, extreme weather events, unpredictable seasonal precipitation, drought and wild fires, imbalanced ecological chain, epidemic diseases, food shortages, floods, landslides and mudslides contribute to the soaring atmospheric CO2 density.

範例二
Original
If analysis mechanisms can’t catch failure chips precise, then the failure devices will be sold. Therefore, customers must not accept failure DRAM devices, and our company needs to take those products back those products.

Revised
The inability of analysis mechanisms to detect faulty chips precisely will lead to their unintentional purchase on the market and a subsequently high return rate owing to customers’ refusal of substandard DRAM devices.

範例三
Original
From viewpoint of manufacturing, time cost in evaluation of appropriate photo resist and extra production cost from small amount of stock will be serious barrier for tri-layer technology applications.

Revised
From a manufacturing perspective, a prohibitively long evaluation of appropriate photo resist and additional production costs from a small amount of stock seriously limit tri-layer technology applications.

範例四
Original
The Chinese herbal medicine market grows vigorously in recent years, because of the toxicity and side effect of the Western medicine, and takes the resistance to the action of a drug caused for a long time taking.

Revised
The Chinese herbal medicine market has burgeoned in recent years owing to the toxic and adverse effects of Western medicine, as well as its ability to resist drug effects for an extended period of use.

句子冗贅的原因也可能是使用太多的名詞,通常這些名詞是由動詞轉化來的,而結果是使動詞更無力。過份的濫用名詞也帶來了多餘的介係詞。

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (6) : (第二部分:行動)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 Based on the above, we should develop a microbial based biosensor to determine the presence of urea in milk.

達成目標的方法 To do so, urea biosensor can be identified as an immobilized urease yielding bacterial cell biomass isolated from soil, and can be coupled to the ammonium ion selective electrode of a potentiometric transducer. The membrane potential of all types of potentiometric cell based probes can be correlated with the activity of electrochemically detected product, and thus to the activity of the substrate by a form of the Nernst equation..

希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed microbial based biosensor can analyze milk samples for the presence of urea with a response time as long as 2 min. Those results can correlate well with those of a pure enzyme system.

領域的貢獻 Importantly, the microbial based biosensor has the advantages of a high specificity, portability, simplicity, reliability and continuous real time analysis. Furthermore, an adequate correlation of those results can be made between a pure enzyme system and the spectrophotometric methods.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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