我怎樣在技術和科學寫作中使用簡潔的英語句子? / 我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? : 研究生英文投稿日報 6/20/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我怎樣在技術和科學寫作中使用簡潔的英語句子?

*我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART D)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (152) : Chinese Science Citation Database: Introduction

*動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (7 / 9)

*科學英文論文組織寫作 (6) : (第一部分:背景)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我怎樣在技術和科學寫作中使用簡潔的英語句子?

*保持句子短而簡單,且合題材及觀眾。

*一個長而複雜的句子可能對以英語為母語人士也會很困難。

*然而,一個長句子可以被清晰和合理的翻譯,如果

– 它包括多個子句。

– 每個子句的結構和意義是顯而易見的。

-每個子句間的邏輯關係是明確的。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (2.13-2.14)

我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART D)

*非線性大綱

– 第二步:圍繞主要的想法,添加相關的觀點,進而促使它們之間的連接。

– 第三步:擴展新想法並和二次思路連接。

– 第四步:隨機性地把本大綱中想法結合,添加和刪除命令或指示。

– 第五步:使用非線性大綱並通過手動排列索引卡編寫研究論文或技術文檔

– 第六步:通過信息卡來描述並連結研究論文或技術文件新舊想法。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.134-1.139)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (152) : Chinese Science Citation Database: Introduction
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (7 / 9)

範例一
Original
If the atmospheric CO2 level mitigations for China’s transportation policies are not implemented promptly, the climatic impacts from global warming will unavoidably create further problems worldwide beyond our expectations. The current circumstances might be worsened if no actions are carried out for cutting the atmospheric CO2 levels.

Revised
The inability to implement transportation policies in China aimed at mitigating atmospheric CO2 levels would further exacerbate adverse climatic changes attributed to global warming. The lack of mandates to slash atmospheric CO2 levels may further exacerbate the above changes.

範例二
Original
In order to satisfy customer’s plural requirements, many developed countries are trying to invent cosmetic products. In this area, the caliber of developmental cosmetic can show the financial level of the country.

Revised
Satisfying various consumer demands explains the increased production of cosmetics in many industrialized countries. The extent to which this development is pursued reflects a country’s financial growth.

範例三
Original
Customers will acquire products which have lower quality, and customer return products let our company lose credit in DRAM market. Besides, production costs will greatly increase.

Revised
Customers purchasing substandard products and their subsequently high product return rate tarnish the company reputation in the DRAM market and significantly increase production costs.

範例四
Original
As global contracts have been announced recently, most of DRAM producers have no any profit in this slack season. But the purchasers still insist the lower price. So, the DRAM price on post-period of March is similar to pre-period. But, analyzers predict that the DRAM price still will trend down since supply is higher than the demand.

Revised
Despite the recent announcement of global contracts that most DRAM manufacturers did not generate profits during this slack period, consumers still demand a competitive retail price. The DRAM price during the post-period of March thus resembles that of the pre-period. However, as is forecasted, the retail price for DRAM products will spiral downwards as supply exceeds demand.

句子冗贅的原因也可能是使用太多的名詞,通常這些名詞是由動詞轉化來的,而結果是使動詞更無力。過份的濫用名詞也帶來了多餘的介係詞。

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (6) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 A disposable microbial based sensor attempts to control the quality of urea in milk. The biocomponent part of the area biosensor is an immobilized urease yielding a bacterial cell biomass isolated from soil, and is coupled to the ammonium ion selective electrode of a potentiometric transducer. The membrane potential of all potentiometric cell based probes is related not only to the activity of not only electrochemically detected product, but also to the substrate of the Nernst equation.

研究問題 Given the growing public concern over urea in milk (commonly referred to as synthetic milk), urea functions as an adulterant since it is not a natural constituent of milk. Urea in milk of dairy cattle leads to excessive N uptake and rumen efflux of crude protein intake, thus reducing the fertility rates among dairy cattle.

研究問題的量化 The inability of the food sector to provide rapid, reliable and inexpensive analytical methods for controlling the quality of urea in milk makes wet chemistries and analytical practices time consuming, labor intensive and expensive.

研究問題的中心 Above limitations have led to heightened consumer concern over food composition and safety.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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