我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? / 我怎樣在研究論文中簡化英語如果我的讀者中包括母語非英語人士?受控英語與簡化英語比較: 研究生英文投稿日報 6/19/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART C)

*我怎樣在研究論文中簡化英語如果我的讀者中包括母語非英語人士?受控英語與簡化英語比較 (PART B)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (151) : From publication to impact: tools to measure research impact

*動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (6 / 9)

*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (5) : (第二部分:行動)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART C)

*非正式大綱

– 非正式大綱列出每個段落的主要思想,但並不表明思想的層次結構。

*非線性大綱

– 有些作者可能會對主題,句子和段落的大綱感到不自在,因為它們是用線性的方法來記錄組織。所以, 他們使用非線性大綱。

– 第一步:把主要想法放在頁面的中間。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.134-1.139)

我怎樣在研究論文中簡化英語如果我的讀者中包括母語非英語人士?受控英語與簡化英語比較 (PART B)

*受控英語通常限制動詞時態在現在,過去和未來,只允許主動語態;和限制句子結構以簡化敘述和問題。

*簡化英語允許使用最多的句子結構。此外,簡化英語有些詞可以作為演講的多個部分或具有一個以上的意義。

*簡化英語還允許使用被動語態,如果有一個很好的理由使用它。

*此外,簡化英語中的動詞時態是不受限制的(雖然他們保持盡可能的簡單)

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (2.4-2.9)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (151) : From publication to impact: tools to measure research impact
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (6 / 9)

範例一
Original
In order to answer the question: How much CO2 emission could be eliminated through policy strategies? The CO2 emission volume is broken down into several variants for calculation. Basically, total emissions are made up of each traveler’s travel distance and emission of the each unit of distance. The in-between distance of the two points (L) are defined as the travel length between Hongqiao airport and International Pudung Airport in Shanghai through the public transport modes of metro, buses, and rent cars.

Revised
Determining the extent to which policy strategies can eliminate CO2 emissions involves classifying the volume of such emissions into several variants for calculation. Total emissions consist of the travel distance for each traveler and the emissions of each unit of distance. The average distance of the two points (L) refers to the travel length between Hongqiao Domestic Airport and Pudung International Airport in Shanghai based on public transport modes of the metro subway, buses, and rental cars.

範例二
Original
For production tardiness incurred in the furnace area, the following process will also be delayed. Moreover, the production tardiness will postpone the time to market of products.

Revised
Production tardiness in the furnace area delays not only the subsequent process, but also time to market delivery of products.

範例三
Original
Because of its efficiency, convenience and accuracy, GPS has been widely applied in various areas such as surveying engineering, cadastral surveying, fault movement detections and geodynamics. Nevertheless, systematic errors often take place owing to the fact that GPS carrier phases tend to be influenced by the environments.

Revised
Despite their extensive use in diverse applications such as in surveying, cadastral surveying, fault movement detection and geodynamics owing to their efficiency, flexibility and high accuracy, global positioning systems (GPS) often incur systematic errors since the surrounding environment often adversely impacts carrier phases.

範例四
Original
The better furnace scheduling makes succeeding processes more smoothly.

Revised
Enhanced furnace scheduling streamlines successive processes.

句子冗贅的原因也可能是使用太多的名詞,通常這些名詞是由動詞轉化來的,而結果是使動詞更無力。過份的濫用名詞也帶來了多餘的介係詞。

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (5) : (第二部分:行動)
以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 Based on the above, we should develop a TLD measurement method than can compare the radiation dose predicted by a therapeutic treatment plan and actual dose measuremens for verification purposes.

達成目標的方法 To do so, the radiation dose can be determined using TLDs. Measurement results obtained using TLDs and an ion chamber can then be compared to obtain an accurate dosage. Next, the exposure uniformity can be verified using TLDs, thus confiring the effectiveness of the therapeutic treatment plan.

希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed TLD measurement method can reduce percentage error of therapeutic treatment plans by 5%. Hence, absorption dose of TLDs can further determined whether therapeutic treatment plan is adequately thorough. Moreover, comparing the dosage measure of TLDs with that of the treatment plan allows us to verify the preciseness of such plans if if the measurement dosage of the TLDs is the same as that of the treatment plans.

領域的貢獻 In addition to verifying the reliability of therapeutic treatment plans, the proposed measurement method can ensure that such plans adhere to quality assurance stands and elevate the accuracy and safety level when treating carcinogenesis patients.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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