我怎樣在研究論文中簡化英語如果我的讀者中包括母語非英語人士?受控英語與簡化英語比較 / 我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? : 研究生英文投稿日報 6/18/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我怎樣在研究論文中簡化英語如果我的讀者中包括母語非英語人士?受控英語與簡化英語比較 (PART A)

*我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART B)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (150) : Journal citation reports: impact factor

*動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5 / 9)

*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (5) : (第一部分:背景)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我怎樣在研究論文中簡化英語如果我的讀者中包括母語非英語人士?受控英語與簡化英語比較 (PART A)

*受控英語一般對詞彙,句子結構,句子長度,動詞時態及主動或被動語態有嚴格的限制。

*受控英語描述物理機制和程序最合適。

*受控英語始於一個基本的,非技術性的詞彙,通過技術術語補充,以適應該研究所屬領域。

*為了限制詞彙和簡化語言,受控英語一般不允許同義詞。

*此外,受控英語中每個字僅具有一個含義,只作為演講的一個部分。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (2.4-2.9)

我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART B)

*正式大綱

-正式大綱顯示研究論文或技術文檔的層次結構,但必須是評審同意的大綱結構形式。

– 根據不同的詳細程度,大綱可能出現的章節標題,不同等級的副標題,副標題下甚至有群體。

– 一個正式的大綱可以用結構明確的邏輯表明主題之間的關係。

– 第一步:把文件的背景信息加以目錄。

– 第二步:評估標題的範圍。

– 第三步:識別文檔中的標題的數量。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.134-1.139)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (150) : Journal citation reports: impact factor
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (5 / 9)

範例一

Original
The above operations are not easily implemented by the production control because there are some complex functions and rescheduling is also difficult in case of any change of the production status.

Revised
Production control can not easily implement the above operations owing to complex functions and difficult rescheduling when the production status changes.

範例二

Original
In recent year, the PCB’s industry’s technology has move from multi-layer toward multithin layer. Customers on ordering process would consider the candidate’s production ability and allow 10%-30% downset for those PCB manufacturers.

Revised
As industrial technology for printed circuit boards has shifted in recent years from multi-layered to multi thin-layered, ordering customers allow a downset rate of 10-30% during production.

範例三

Original
Circle holes used in the punching or injection molds are easily made by wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM). However, heat erosion effect of WEDM will induce the recasting layers in the machining surface. These defects will decrease the precision of the circle holes and must to do the second abrasive machining to enhance the surface precision.

Revised
While wire electrical discharge machining (WEDM) easily produces circle holes used in punching or injection molds, the subsequent heat erosion effect induces recasting layers in the machining surface and lowers the precision of the circle holes, necessitating secondary abrasive machining to enhance the surface precision.
句子冗贅的原因也可能是使用太多的名詞,通常這些名詞是由動詞轉化來的,而結果是使動詞更無力。過份的濫用名詞也帶來了多餘的介係詞。

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (5) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 While cancer ranks as the tenth leading cause of mortality, the medical field strives to detect cancer in its early stages along with appropriate therapy. Using radioactive rays is an effective means of helping physicians to diagnose whether a tumor exists, and is also used in tumor patient therapy. However, radiation poses a potential harm, necessitating the importance of controlling dosage levels during diagnostic radiology and therapy.

研究問題 The conventional radiological therapeutic cobalt-60 procedure and the traditional linear acceleator can not adequately control the radiation beam with respect to the tumor size. Some normal cells may subsequently suffer from radiation during use of the latter to eradicate abnormal cells. Additionally, a normal tissue absorbs an increasing radiactive dosage given the pervasive use of radiology treatment. Therefore, physicians and radiologists heavily emphasize the need to adequately control the dosae from a linear accelerator. Thermoluminescence dosimeter (TLD) is the most convenient and precise means of estimating radiation dosage. Accurate measurements obtained from TLD can be adopted to verify whether the irradiated area made by a linear accelerator is even. Additionally, using TLD to estimate radiation dosage can verify the effectiveness of a therapeutic strategy.

研究問題的量化 According to ICRP recommendations, radiology technology professionals should not be exposed to a radiation level exceeding 5 rem annually while the general public should not be exposed to more than 0.5 rem annually.

研究問題的中心 The inability to use TLD to test and veriy the irradiated area made by a linear accelerator and the dosage makes it impossible to ensure the quality of the accelerator and the reliability of the medical treatment therapy in confirming the dosage and the desired outcome.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s