我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? / 我如何使用任務導向的方法來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? : 研究生英文投稿日報 6/17/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART A)

*我如何使用任務導向的方法來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART B)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (149) : Introduction to Scholarly Publishing # 2

*動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (4 / 9)

*科學英文論文組織寫作 (5) : (第二部分:行動)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

我可以用哪些不同類型的大綱來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART A)

*大綱提供研究論文或技術文件的組織和定義內容。

*三種類型的大綱包括以下內容:

-正式:為最終審查文件的評審而設的詳細大綱

– 非正式:只為作者意圖的工具

– 非線性:用於系統分析,編程和結構化設計分析

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.134-1.139)

我如何使用任務導向的方法來組織我的研究論文或技術文件? (PART B)

*研究論文或技術文檔安排任務四種常用的方法如下:

– 最頻繁到最不頻繁。例如,維護計劃往往先列出的程序要執行每5000英里其次是執行每12,000英里,等等。

– 簡單到複雜。例如,對於一個計算機圖形程序的用戶指南可以通過描述如何複製形狀,然後放大,縮小,或舒展他們開始。最後,它可能解釋了如何創建原來的形狀。

– 必要性到選擇性。例如,對於一個組裝運動自行車指令可能被解釋如何安裝其他設備作為可選功能的結論。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.132-1.133)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (149) : Introduction to Scholarly Publishing # 2
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (4 / 9)
句子冗贅的原因也可能是使用太多的名詞,通常這些名詞是由動詞轉化來的,而結果是使動詞更無力。
過份的濫用名詞也帶來了多餘的介係詞。

範例一
Original
There are several methods to improve the strength of the polymer now. One is the addition of glass fiber, the content of glass fiber is up to 35% wt. Another is adding clay into the polymer, and the content is up to 5% wt only. The latter is the most promising one in the world. However, there is an aggregation phenomenon if the clay content is over certain amount.

Revised
Among the several methods available to enhance polymer strength include adding glass fiber (in which glass fiber content reaches 35% wt) and adding clay (in which the content is only up to 5 wt%). While the latter approach is more feasible, an aggregation phenomenon occurs if the clay content exceeds a certain amount.

範例二
Original
Currently, most researchers have to maintain matching templates for extracting web tables with different structures. Moreover, for unseen structures, designers have to efficiently define a new template manually for dealing with that kind of web table. It is very time consuming and inefficient. Thus, the overall precision rate of web table extraction is not good.

Revised
For unseen structures, the inability of designers to define efficiently a new template manually in order to maintain matching templates for extracting web tables with different structures makes it impossible to achieve a satisfactory precision rate when extracting web tables.

範例三
Original
Although numerous methods have been studied on the estimation of the conserved area in RNA, the methods for quick and precise in prediction of conserved areas in RNA are very scarce.

Revised
Despite the numerous methods to estimate the conserved area in RNA, such methods are inefficient and imprecise.

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (5) : (第二部分:行動)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 Based on the above, we should develop an accurate and non-intrusive diagnosis method to examine human diseases efficiently.

達成目標的方法 To do so, saliva can be sampled using a non-intrusive diagnosis method. An accurate and feasible diagnosis produced can then be adopted that is compatible with the customized ELISA kit. Next, the steroid examination value can be derived to diagnose the disease accurately and efficiently.

希望的結果 As anticipated, the customized and non-intrusive ELISA kit can diagnose diseases rapidly and accurately, subsequently reducing the likelihood of a hemolytic sample by roughly 30%.

領域的貢獻 Importantly, the steroid examination value derived by the proposed diagnosis method can provide a valuable reference for clinically diagnosing human diseases.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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