在收集有關我的研究主題信息時我怎樣才能有效地分析書面材料來源? / 我怎樣才能為我的研究主題更有效地收集數據? : 研究生英文投稿日報 6/14/2014

研究生英文投稿日報:

*在收集有關我的研究主題信息時我怎樣才能有效地分析書面材料來源? (PART B)

*我怎樣才能為我的研究主題更有效地收集數據? (PART B)

*學術英文投稿教學影片 (146) : Impact factor in journal citation reports

*動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (1 / 9)

*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (4) : (第一部分:背景)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

在收集有關我的研究主題信息時我怎樣才能有效地分析書面材料來源? (PART B)

*準備你的研究資料進行分析,審查原始資料,並安排他們有次序地呈現以支持一個分析結果。

*評估您的研究原始資料時,請考慮以下問題:

– 每個來源文件的目的是什麼?

– 這是什麼來源文件,幫助用戶做什麼?

-每個來源文件 – 如何組織的?

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.124-1.126)

我怎樣才能為我的研究主題更有效地收集數據? (PART B)

*當寫入材料不存在,此時可靠經驗,訪談,及產品收集信息。請考慮以下兩個例子:

– 如果作者是記錄產品的研究人員或開發人員,經驗和產品知識是主要的信息來源。

– 如果作者不是產品的開發者,作者通常必須採訪開發商以獲取信息。

*請注意,有人知道太多有關主題的信息反而無法有效地撰寫

– 如果一個研究者自己創作,她/他可能會對觀眾知識有不恰當的假設,除非她/他記得觀眾的特點。

Science and Technical Writing : A Manual of Style by Philip Rubens (1.121-1.123)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (146) : Impact factor in journal citation reports
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力

動詞代替名詞 (精確英文寫作) 英文編修訓練 (1 / 9)
句子冗贅的原因也可能是使用太多的名詞,通常這些名詞是由動詞轉化來的,而結果是使動詞更無力。過份的濫用名詞也帶來了多餘的介係詞。

範例一
Original
The committee must make a consideration of the proposal.

Revised
The committee must consider the proposal.

範例二
Original
The engineer performed calibration of the machine.

Revised
The engineer calibrated the machine.

範例三
Original
The researcher conducted an experiment on the new material.

Revised
The researcher experimented with the new material.

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (4) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 With the increasing incidence of acute ischemia strokes in recent year, computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is used to diagnose its early early stages. While diffusion weighted MRI is an effective means of detecting acute strokes, water diffusion has been introduced as an additional MRI contrast parameter. While demonstrating the feasibility of using diffusion MRI to detect acute strokes in early stages, Mosely indicated a significantly lowered diffusion coefficient in acute stroke areas. This finding has become an important application of diffusion MRI since conventional MRI has too low of a contrast for ischemic results, especially in the very early and potentially reversible phase. As is well known, among the available MRI aproaches, diffusion weighted imaging (DWI) is an important clinical procedure for diagnosing acute cerebral infarctions.

研究問題 However, the conventional means of diagnosing acute cerebral infarctions, in which clinical physicians review the medical history of patients and current conditions as well as make a subjective assessment in diagnosing stroke cases, normally makes it impossible not only to diagnose patients with an acute stroke the first time, but also to identify the type and regional geography of such a stroke accurately.

研究問題的量化 For some stroke patients, conventionally used computed tomography methods examine acute brain strokes, whose acute infraction area has normally extended for over 24 hours. However, diffusion-weighted MRI examines acute infraction stroke more effectively than CT does, i.e. up to 6 hours less time during examination of acute infract strokes. However, when traditional DWI examination is performed to understand precisely the stroke type and field range aspect, clinical physicians can only diagnose an acute brain stroke from an image through visual observation. For instance, a small infarct has a size of less than 3 mm.

研究問題的中心 The inability to diagnose an acute infract stroke acccurately upon first examination makes it impossible for clinical physicians to perform gold period grant medication therapy for stroke patients. Consequently, the therapeutic outcome is poor, with the extent of brain tissue damage not minimized to the lowest possible level, possibly losing the opportunity for complete recovery of functions.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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