* 研究提案的要素 (PART A)
* 評估研究提案所需的資源 (PART B)
* 學術英文投稿教學影片 (1): Write a Paper to Communicate Your Research
* 統計推論的結果與應用 (商用英文 ) (PART A)
* 商用英文問題描述 (20) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞
研究提案的要素 (PART A)
評估研究提案所需的資源 (PART B)
學術英文投稿教學影片 (1): How to Write a Paper to Communicate Your Research
Electronic 3C products have rapidly emerged in the new century, accelerating the rate at which consumers receive information. Of those products, Taiwanese consumers highly regard the Apple ipod mini among available mp3 walkman products given its cool appearance and multi-functions.
Physically challenged elderly individuals frequently require a diverse array of services, including assistance with daily living tasks, nursing care, physical therapy and nutritional consultation. Industrialized countries have struggled with how to effectively coordinate such services given the rapid rise in the number of elderly residents.
While promoting the product slogan, “If you buy it, you will own the Mac + pc”, the Apple Computer Company announced retail sales of more than 800,000 ipod units sold during one season, with 4,580,000 units sold last year.
While Taiwan’s elderly individuals over 65 years old in 2003 comprised 9.2% of the entire population, this figure will increase to 15.9% by 2021.
商用英文問題描述 (20) (上)
* 商用提案建構 : 你商用提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭商用提案的內容嗎?
* 商用問題 : 你的商用提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
* 商用問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?
* 問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對商用提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
* 商用計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?
商用提案建構 Unforeseeable circumstances in the constantly fluctuating business climate necessitate that enterprises adopt effective inventory management practices to strengthen their competitive edge. Inventory stock is often viewed as a somewhat static resource of economic value, with the quality of its management directly impacting company operations. Therefore, an effective stock inventory system is essential in the supply chain of commercial activities. 商用問題 However, while focusing on specific stock inventory systems to achieve the most appropriate design, previous studies have seldom addressed the supplying chain strategy for stock inventory of multiple products and many suppliers. The research directions and research methods in inventory stock policies developed previously widely vary. While some policies emphasize reducing the retailer’s costs, other’s focus on decreasing the producer’s overhead costs. While fierce market competition makes it difficult for a company to assess its current market position, efforts must be made to consider how to effectively manage stock inventory so that both the producer and the retail reap profits. Either simulation or statistical approaches are adopted to establish inventory stock management policies. Simulation requires much time, making it inefficient with questionable results. Statistical approaches can only offer guidelines aimed at simplifying either the inventory stock administrative system or a complex system intended to establish approximate mathematical patterns; such approaches are often difficult to interpret. 商用問題的量化 According to investigations of commercial practices in the United States over the past decade, the oversupply of inventory stock accounts for 20% of the gross domestic product (GDP) in the United States, subsequently tying up an enterprise’s funds. The American Council of Logistics Management Statistics recently indicated that 20% – 30% of revenues generated from sales of different industries is consumed in the interflow of commodities. Suppliers and manufacturers have many unnecessary overhead costs that can be identified through an effective inventory stock administrative system. Maloni and Benton (1997) suggested that instituting inventory management procedures throughout the entire supply chain can significantly reduce overhead costs, simplify the interflow of commodities, increase the sharing of information, and allow each unit in the supply chain to increase economic benefits through efficiency. 問題的中心 As short supply or overstocked inventory is a common dilemma in modern business, the inability to enhance stock inventory management practices will exacerbate short supply situations, increase customer dissatisfaction, create bottlenecks on the production line and tarnish an enterprise’s reputation. Correspondingly, overstocked inventory will tie up company funds, subsequently reducing the return rate of investment and the turnover rate of total assets, ultimately lowering the effectiveness of enterprise management. 商用計劃需求 Therefore, an inventory stock management model must be developed that coordinates the efforts of suppliers and retailers, in which the inventory stock model of distribution for the normality is adopted to determine the minimum total cost via the metering method.