* 研究論文建立有效圖形要素 (PART B)
* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (345)
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* 商用英文問題描述 (13) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞
研究論文建立有效圖形要素 (PART B)
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日－2000年6月21日），亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家，20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。
The Center for Measurements Standards, a subsidiary of the Industrial Technology Research Institute, Hsinchu, Taiwan, is currently developing a flow measurement test rig. Our design consultant suggests the use of ABC valve products on some of our mechanical components. The following is a list of items we are interested in purchasing from your company:
1. Item and spec.: “2” N.B. Series 44 ball valve, complete with weld neck to BS 1560 class 600 LB flange & actuator with series 40, size 20 RKA 40. The flanges should have a 165mm O.D. with holes drilled through equally spaced holes with a diameter of 19mm.
2. Item and spec.: Series 44 ball valve 1/4″ BSPP, complete with actuator series 40 size 05 RDA
Accompanying this letter are two figures of the aforementioned valves.We would appreciate it if you could provide a catalogue and price list, at your earliest convenience. If you have a sales agent in Taiwan or elsewhere in the Far East Region, please inform him or her of our intentions. We look forward to doing business with you.
商用英文問題描述 (13) (上)
* 商用提案建構 : 你商用提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭商用提案的內容嗎?
* 商用問題 : 你的商用提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
* 商用問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?
* 問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對商用提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
* 商用計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?
商用提案建構 According to the World Health Organization, Taiwan became an advanced aging society as of the end of 1993, with over 7% of its population 65 years or older. According to estimates from the Council for Economic Planning and Development, the island’s elderly population will account for 14.42% and 20.04% of the population by 2121 and 2131, respectively. Restated, one out of every five individuals will be classified as belonging to the advanced age elderly population. Traditional societal values in which the elderly parents live with their son and daughter-in-law have diminished, creating a growing public awareness that the elderly must make preparations in advance for their long term care. The aging trend in Taiwan explains the growing concern over the market demand for long term care residential communities, in which middle to senior aged individuals live independently in houses or apartment units designed for their special needs upon retirement. Many industries have already heavily invested in this emerging growth sector. Given physical and mental health factors, senior citizens must adjust as traditional societal values change. To facilitate a more ideal living environment for the elderly, governmental organizations and the private sector must coordinate efforts to create an environment in which senior citizens living independently is the norm instead of the exception. In doing so, numerous commercial opportunities will arise. For instance, RUENTEX Construction Company in collaboration with Rien Fu Newlife Company has established a senior citizen residential community in Tan-shui by drawing from the Japanese long term care model to provide residents with a hotel style management approach. The facilities provide high-quality comfort with a 300 residential unit capacity, all of which have already been leased out. Given population trends and enhanced living standards, the climate for growth opportunities in the long term care sector in Taiwan is favorable. Identifying factors for successful operation of senior citizen residential communities are thus essential for businesses to gain a competitive edge, explaining why governmental authorities and industrial planners are anxious to to evaluate the most appropriate management strategies for further development. 商用問題 However, while evaluating the success of certain management practices in satisfying consumer demand in this growing market sector, long term care studies have seldom attempted to identify success factors in managing senior citizen residential communities. Relevant considerations in the management of a senior citizen residential community include environment analysis of the location, analysis of relevant management strategies, , pricing and promotional strategies and strategic alliances. Correspondingly, all success factors should be prioritized based on their importance. 商用問題的量化 For instance, the lack of an objective assessment method makes it impossible for administrators of senior citizen residential communities to determine which management approaches will be successful or not. 問題的中心 The lack of an effective model to identify success factors in managing senior citizen residential communities makes it impossible to determine tangible and intangible benefits in long term care research. Moreover, senior citizen residential communities of varying scale sizes will have difficulty in adopting effective management strategies to remain competitive. 商用計劃需求 Therefore, an AHP-based method must be developed that enables administrators of senior citizen residential communities to identify critical factors for successful operations.