* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (341)
* 受訓後去函致謝 (科技訓練) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (2 of 2 )
* 商用英文問題描述 (12) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞
Alan Hovhaness (1911年3月8日－2000年6月21日），亞美尼亞-蘇格蘭裔美國作曲家，20世紀最多產的古典音樂作曲家之一。
I returned to Taiwan safely on April 27, and I am now back to my work in the Dimensional Measurement Group at CMS/ITRI.
I learned much from you about the use of laser micrometers in Gage-block calibration and thin wire measurement. Thank you for your instruction and advice.
I’ve already sent the photographs taken at the luncheon party on April 23 to Miss Lin. She will pass the duplicates on to you.
I thoroughly enjoyed the time spent in your group. I also hope to have another opportunity to serve as a visiting researcher at your institute.
商用英文問題描述 (12) (上)
* 商用提案建構 : 你商用提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭商用提案的內容嗎?
* 商用問題 : 你的商用提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
* 商用問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?
* 問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對商用提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
* 商用計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?
商用提案建構 Despite the abundance of theoretical models to identify investment opportunities, many uncertainties still exist. Business managers highly prioritize the effectiveness of timely strategic decisions in grasping investment opportunities owing to their ability to maintain corporate competitiveness. Business must thus adopt effective strategic models to clearly evaluate potential investment opportunities. 商用問題 However, the conventionally adopted decision making method DCF is unreliable owing to its inability to clearly assess management competence. (NOTE : Add 2-4 sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 商用問題的量化 Linear and static in nature, the DCF method assumes that an investment opportunity is not totally reversible or will never appear again. When using DCF, the current value of anticipated profits is first determined. The current value of the expenditures required is then estimated. Finally, whether the difference between the two-the Net Present Value (NPV) of the investment is greater than 0 is determined. However, difficulties arise in calculating this net present value. Specifically, conventional investment theory does not recognize the important qualitative and quantitative implications of the interaction. This method also implicitly assumes that net present value (NPV) positive projects exist only when either firms can exploit temporary competitive advantages or governments do not intervene (Myers, 1977, 1984; Pinches and Lander, 1997). However, if unforeseen circumstances influence investment opportunities, business managers often lack the analytical skills to determine their impact. Baldwin (1987) suggested that, given increasing variability in product and financial markets worldwide, companies that recognize option values and build a degree of flexibility into their investments hold an advantage over those that do not consider available options when designing and evaluating capital projects. 問題的中心 Consequently, conventional decision strategies may neglect the importance of not only uncertainties in value investment strategies, but also modeling and valuing real options within a concise framework. 商用計劃需求 Therefore, an optimal operating model must be developed, capable of choosing an effective monitor to adequately implement a real option model in assess investment strategies practices, subsequently providing business managers with the most effective strategic policy to promote assess investment efforts and construct optimal exercise time through the assistance of the probability method value and variance of fuzzy numbers.