* 如何批判研究合作者的工作 (PART A)
* 如何設置研究小組議程 (PART C)
* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (293)
* 訪問時間或行程之更改 (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (1 of 2)
* 科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (25) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞
如何批判研究合作者的工作 (PART A)
如何設置研究小組議程 (PART C)
Thank you for your fax dated November 16. Acknowledge the arrangements already made for the technical visit Much appreciation goes out to Mr. Smith for his help in arranging our visiting schedule.
After discussing this matter among our colleagues, however, we have decided not to extend our tour to include Germany since there is not enough time to obtain our German visas or to allow Dr. Jones to schedule a visit that would fit Mr. Smith’s schedule.
Could you arrange for us to visit some local industrial heat pump system manufacturers to fill in the open day on our visiting schedule? Compressor system companies that manufacture systems for heat pumps or vapor recompression would be equally well suited to our visiting purposes. Information regarding the variety of available heat pump systems would be quite useful for our future promotion of such systems.
The time for our trip is drawing nearer, and we need to know a convenient time for us to visit during the morning of the 7th? I understand that at this time you may not be able to finalize our visiting schedule at this point but, can you provide us with a tentative schedule that we can report to our superiors?
Thanks in advance for the arrangements you have already made. I hope that these last minute changes do not create too much of an inconvenience.
科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (25) (上)
* 科學提案建構 : 你科學提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭科學提案的內容嗎?
* 科學問題 : 你的科學提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
* 科學問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?
* 科學問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對科學提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
* 科學計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?
科學計劃建構 Consumers demand shampoos with natural ingredients and without any harmful side effects. Manufacturers normally select natural plant additives and attempt to reduce the chemical composition of such additives. This combination often implies a relatively high retail price of shampoos. 科學計劃問題 Although traditional herbs from South Africa are frequently used in shampoo, the use of China herbs in shampoo has received little attention. Chinese herbs often depend on the use of fine trauma medicines. Although non-toxic and mild, Chinese herbs are seldom used in commodities such as shampoo. Certainly commercial applications of Chinese herbal medicine still have many limitations, e.g., whether one ingredient has a particular effect, whether valid ingredients can be extracted purely, or whether the usefulness of the ingredient is depleted during the purification process, these problems. These issues require further study. While Chinese herbal medicine has been extensively studied for its oxidation ability to repress cancer cells, its potential applications for external treatment such as in shampoos has seldom been addressed. 科學計劃問題的量化 In addition to numerous investigations, Chinese herbal medicine can be found in many commercial products. However, with the growing market in pharmaceutical drugs and the health foods sector, Chinese herbal medicine has many attractive features, e.g., anti- oxidation capability, suppression of fungi, anti-cancer capabilities, toxicity analysis, and analysis of particular ingredients for research purposes. 科學計劃問題的中心 Despite the extensive study of herbal medicine for therapeutic treatment purposes that has yielded excellent results with respect to antimicrobial activity of herbal plants, Chinese herbal medicine has seldom been studied with respect to its toxicity levels and potential industrial applications. 科學計劃需求 Therefore, a novel formulation involving the use of Chinese herbal medicine must be developed to replace that of the widely used South African herbal medicine.