研究小組討論會議中如何有效聆聽 / 有效地管理你的研究計劃 : 研究生英文投稿日報 10/30/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 研究小組討論會議中如何有效聆聽

* 有效地管理你的研究計劃 (PART B)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (290)

* 討論主題說明 (國外訪問)) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (2 of 2)

* 科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (24) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

研究小組討論會議中如何有效聆聽

* 注意發言者:不要讓你的心靈徜徉。

* 主要思路:聽重要信息訊號,如“What I’m saying is . . . “ 或 “The point I’m trying to make is. . . “。

* 對發言者的想法不要投入個人感情。

– 即使你不同意,繼續聽。保持開放的心態。

– 持續地聽,你可以計劃你接下來要說的內容。

* 提問及澄清發言者內容。

* 提供適當的反饋。

– 注視發言者的眼睛。你了解發言者所說內容應點頭回應。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 61 )

有效地管理你的研究計劃 (PART B)

* 創建和維護一個準確的時間表。

– 更新您的日程安排。

– 把更新後的時間表日程發送到每一個團隊成員。

* 把你的決定以書面形式呈現。

– 如果出現問題,團隊可以輕鬆地參考文件,如有必要可以更新內容。

Technical Communication 10th Edition by Mike Markel (p. 60 )

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (290)
阿沃•帕特(愛沙尼亞語:Arvo Pärt,1935年9月11日-)出生於愛沙尼亞派德,是20世紀的愛沙尼亞作曲家。他的作品以合唱聖樂最為人所知。「神聖簡約主義」的主要作曲家之一。

討論主題說明 (國外訪問)) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (2 of 2)

技術對應的實例:

I am a Senior Researcher at Union Chemical Laboratories, ITRI. My expertise is in the area of catalyst development.

My colleague Mr. Chen and I will be attending the 1993 North American Meeting of the Cayalysis Society to be held in Pittsburgh. While we are in America, we would like to take the opportunity to visit the ABC Research Center in San Francisco on May 7 (Following the meeting, we will fly directly to San Francisco). We would appreciate it if you could arrange a visiting program for us.

We would like to discuss the following topics:
1. The function of ABC’s software in catalysis application.
2. The performance of ABC software in Zeolite analysis and how to use the software.
3. ABC software analysis of organometallics.
4. How to use your software to estimate the layer distance of pillaring clays.

Please let me know if it is convenient for us to visit on May 7. If so, could you arrange for a our of your facilities? I am looking forward to hearing from you.

科學英文假設描述 (24) (下)

* 科學目標 : 科學提案的目標 ?

* 達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

* 希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

* 領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關科學領域的貢獻?

科學英文假設描述

科學計劃目標 TNF-α and NF-κB of the RAW 264.7 cell can be analyzed by using cell culture methods, subsequently providing insight into how the cell signal pathway and immunity regulation of nitro oxide in cellular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium poolare related. TNF-α,NF-κB and MAPK can also be determined to be closely associated with the signal pathways of both human diseases such as cancer. 達成目標的方法 To do so, the RAW 264.7 cell can be analyzed using Griess reagent (1% Sulfanilamide, 0.1% NED) and chemiluminescence. The PKC protein can then be analyzed using western blot analysis. Next, NF-κB and MAPK can be analyzed using primary and secondary antibodies. Additionally, the mouse fibroblasts can be used by adding L929 to serial dilutions of the conditioned media at 5×104 cells per well (in 96-well plates), followed by treatment with 1 μg/ml actinomycin D. Moreover, after 24 h of treatment, the viability of cells can be measured by MTT assay. Finally, a standard curve can be defined using TNF-α. 希望的結果 As anticipated, analysis results can indicate that the TNF-α,NF-κB and MAPK can be found in the RAW 264.7 cell of the cellular endoplasmic reticulum (ER) calcium pool signal pathway. Additionally, this pathway can be understood with respect to elucidating the characteristics of cancer. 領域的貢獻 Results of this study can provide further insight into not only the signal pathways of intracellular TNF-α, NF-γB, and MAPK, but also the role in which ER calicium pool and induced cytokine play in the RAW 264.7 cell. (NOTE : Add 2-4 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s