* 技術通信原理 (PART B)
* 研究機構的行為準則是什麼？ (PART B)
* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (283)
* 國內相關成果說明 (技術合作) (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (3 of 3)
* 工程英文問題描述 (42) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞
技術通信原理 (PART B)
研究機構的行為準則是什麼？ (PART B)
Thank you for your inquiry into the current status of ozone layer protection efforts in Taiwan. I would like to briefly describe some of the related activities undertaken by our organization, the Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI).
ITRI is a non-proft research and development institute funded primarily by government and industry. Governmental funding is used to develop and perform national mid- to long-term application/research programs, as well as to assist medium and small-sized enterprises. On the other hand, private (industrial) funding is invested in jointly cooperative projects and technical assistance.
In light of the importance of protecting the ozone layer and of the need to alleviate the possible economic impacts of CFC phaseout, the government of the Republic of China has assigned ITRI to conduct a long term project to research application technologies that have been implemented to protect the ozone layer since 1988.
During the past five years, ITRI has published a monthly CFC Newsletter, five volumes of a “Handbook on CFC Utilization,” and more than twenty special investigation reports, so as to provide local industries with updated information on alternative technologies. More than twenty seminars on technology development have also been organized by ITRI to assist domestic industries alleviate CFC problems.
ITRI also continuously visits hundreds of industries to collect information on the current status of CFCs and the major obstacles we will face in the future. ITRI also provides promotion and other services related to the reduction and recovery of CFCs and the use of new alternative technologies.
Major achievements attained so far include the following:
A. Development of a CFC refrigerant recovery machine and successful transfer to four local companies
B. Completion of performance evaluation of automobile air-condition systems and refrigerators with HCFC blends
C. Completion of a feasibility study and computer simulation on replacement of R-12 by R-134a
D. Development of non-CFC mobile refrigerant technology and its successful transfer to ABC Corporation
E. Completion of two sessions of non-CFC refrigerant substitution technology, with 60 attendants
2. Foam blowing
A. Completion of a study aimed at replacing CFC-12 with HCFC-22 on PE/PS foaming
B. Completion of a study of PU integral skin aimed at replacing CFC-11 with HCFC-123 or HCFC-141b
C. Assistance provided to DEF Corporation in their evaluation of the introduction of HCFC-141b on rigid PU refrigerator foam
A. Completion of a study of IPC standard tests of electronic test boards
B. Completion of an evaluation of aqueous, semi-aqueous, and no-cleaning processes
C. Establishment of a DEMO Center for electronic cleaning to assist local industry in the evaluation of cleaning effectiveness
D. Successful introduction of a non-cleaning process at five local electronics plants
E. Successful assistance provided during the introduction of an IPA cleaning process to an optical lense plant
4. Chemical analysis and testing for CFCs
A. Development of analytical methods for analyzing CFC residues found in foam products
B. Offering of certification services for the export of foam products
C. Development of an analytical technology for refrigerant purity
ITRI’s efforts have resulted in a significant ODS phaseout in Taiwan, with a 30% reduction, in 1992, over that of the base-line consumption level. Enclosed please find two tables summarizing ITRI’s major achievements in CFC phaseout for the 1993 Fiscal Year (July 1992 to June 1992). Acknowledgements from the EPA, GHI Corporation, the Tools and Machinery Association, as well as news clippings on ITRI’s related work are also appended.
In addition to assisting the government in related policies and regulations (e.g., CFC phaseout strategy, CFC control strategy, and the recycling and reuse of mobile refrigerant CFC-12), ITRI also took an active role in organizing Taiwan’s Association of Ozone Layer Protection. In January 1993, the association was established to continue work on ozone layer protection and to integrate resources from industrial associations, research institutes, academia and government agencies.
ITRI has also sent delegations to attend the Montreal Protocol Meetings, where our delegations exchanged information and established collaborative relations with representatives from many countries. The R.O.C.’s willingness to participate in global ozone protection efforts, as well as to comply with the Protocol was expressed during those meetings.
I hope that this above information clarifies some of our involvements in the area of ozone layer protection. I would be happy to answer any questions you might have.
工程英文問題描述 (42) (上)
* 工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?
* 工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
* 工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?
* 工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
* 工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?
工程計劃建構 Constructing and applying intelligent environments have received considerable interest in industrial and academic circles. Digital life has also received much interest in recent years, with identification technology playing a critical role in intelligent environment research. Many IT manufacturers design and produce various handheld 3C products to gain a foothold in the emerging digital life market. 工程計劃問題 However, given its focus on home care, home learning, and home entertainment, digital life applications are limited to the home. Additionally, radio frequency identification (RFID), i.e. conventionally adopted critical identification technology, is seldom adopted in digital life studies, thus restricting the creation of R&D efforts in digital life. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 工程計劃問題的量化 The above fact not only reflects the inability to integrate various intelligent environments, but also indicates that only 10% of all 3C products can be used as expected as their prime scenario due to an unsound intelligent environment. 工程計劃問題的中心 Therefore, the promotional efforts in mobile commerce are not well defined. Moreover, profits from the digital life market account for only 10% of the entire 3C market. 工程計劃需求 A novel intelligent architecture must thus be developed, capable of increasing the efficiency of mobile commerce.