* 研究計劃中的研究倫理檢查清單 (PART C)
* 有關研究倫理的線上資源 (PART B)
* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (253)
* 科技介紹 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (3 of 6)
* 科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (15) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞
研究計劃中的研究倫理檢查清單 (PART C)
有關研究倫理的線上資源 (PART B)
Terry Riley (1935年7月24日－），美国简约主义古典音乐作曲家。他是简约主义的先驱者之一，作品常采用大量重复的简单音型，同时运用磁带。
科技介紹 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (3 of 6)
( 影響台灣科技發展的因素; 科技發展的特色; 發展.科技的目標; 界定.科技的地位 a) 扼要解釋在環境,製造或科技方面的問題 b) 解決或改善問題的歷年成效; ( 註記:可列入特定領域內政府的特殊規定); 目前從事的應用科技 a) 應用科技的特色或特徵 b) 特殊的個案; 科技市場的契機; 繼續從事科技應用的未來挑戰 )
Liver cancer has ranked as a leading cause of mortality in Taiwan during the past decade because of Taiwan’s unusually high incidence of Hepatitis B and Hepatitis C. Taiwan has over 10,000 fatalities annually from chronic liver hepatitis, cirrhosis or liver cancer, and 80 to 90% of those affected carry the Hepatitis B or Hepatitis C viruses. Individuals with Hepatitis B have a 150 times greater likelihood of contracting liver cancer than those without the virus, explaining the high levels of hepatitis associated liver cancer among Taiwanese. Five major therapeutic methods are available for treating liver cancer: surgery, including either therapeutic surgery or organ transplantation; blockage of blood flow, such as embolism of the liver artery; chemotherapy, including treatment for the entire body and interarterial injection; local injection, including injection of alcohol and glacial acetic acid; and temperature therapy, including microwave therapy, high temperature therapy and radiation therapy. Radiation therapy is the most extensively adopted of these therapeutic methods. Advances in digital technology have led to 3D computer-animated control stations being widely adopted to treat various cancers using radiation therapy. Radiation therapy has advanced rapidly during the past decade: from CO-60 to 3D conformal therapy. Previously, surgery was the only therapeutic method of treating liver cancer. While the one-year survival rate following surgery can reach 80%, the five year survival rate is only 50%. Ultimately, survival rates depend on factors such as tumor position, size, degree of cirrhosis and meta situation. However, only 30% of liver cancer patients are suitable surgery candidates because hepatitis B and hepatitis C worsen the prognosis for cancer meta. Still, surgery is desirable for alleviating the adverse effects of irradiation and so enabling the radiation dose to be increased to 6600rad, thus achieving survival rates equaling those of conventional surgical therapy. Regular treatment is an essential part of liver cancer therapy, and patients must be treated twice daily. Such regular treatment can completely cure over 60% of sufferers. A novel therapeutic method, BID, attacks liver cancer cells with nearly twice the intensity of conventional approaches. Patients treated with BID receive irradiation treatment in the morning to damage the DNA of cancer cells, and a subsequent treatment six to eight hours later further damages the DNA. BID is highly effective in terminating cancer cells but has certain limitations: the liver cancer must be smaller than 5 cm; cancer cells will still be present after surgery; and liver cancer tumors larger than 5-8 cm can not be treated. BID photon knife therapy has high efficacy and reduces damage to normal cells. Integrating BID with other therapeutic methods, including embolism, alcohol injection, surgery or chemotherapy, will ultimately reduce the incidence of liver cancer in Taiwan.
科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (15) (上)
* 科學提案建構 : 你科學提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭科學提案的內容嗎?
* 科學問題 : 你的科學提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
* 科學問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?
* 科學問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對科學提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
* 科學計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?
科學計劃建構 While consisting of dispersed oil globules containing small aqueous droplets, water-in-oil-in-water double emulsions (W/O/W) are extensively adopted in many product areas, including drug-delivery systems, cosmetics and food processing. 科學計劃問題 Although the internal phase is a perfect pool to protect active matter, double emulsion is a thermodynamically unstable system with a strong tendency for coalescence, flocculation and creaming. (NOTE : Add 2-4 sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 科學計劃問題的量化 Therefore, most double emulsions form a large droplet, making long-term storage impossible and release of the active matter uncontrollable. 科學計劃問題的中心 In practice, in addition to that double emulsion prepared with a monomeric emulsifier cannot provide long-term storage, a polymeric emulsifier can enhance the adsorbability of active matter, thus offering more stable conditions and release of properties in double emulsions. 科學計劃需求 Therefore, the inner/outer emulsion must be stabilized and the droplet size reduced by using a polymeric emulsifier, thus enhancing the stability of double emission.