研究不端行為是什麼? (研究倫理): 研究生英文投稿日報 9/19/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 研究不端行為是什麼? (研究倫理)(PART A)

* 研究不端行為是什麼? (研究倫理)(PART B)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (249)

* 組或部門介紹 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (5 of 6)

* 科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (14) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

研究不端行為是什麼? (研究倫理)(PART A)

* 科研不端行為一般是偽造,篡改和剽竊研究成果。

* 自行製造數據或結果。

* 加以偽造數據或結果。

* 抄襲另一人的思想或文字且不指出被引用者姓名。

* 科研不端行為包括對提供有關不當行為信息者加以報復。

*科研不端行為則不包括以下:

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 222)


研究不端行為是什麼? (研究倫理)(PART B)

* 科研不端行為則不包括以下:

– 在解釋或判斷數據時所犯的誠實錯誤或差異

– 數據記錄,選擇,或分析判斷失誤

– 對相關數據的解釋意見分歧

* 科學家不應該對被認為錯誤的假設受罰。

* 科學家也不應該對被認為荒謬的論據或其他科學家證明有誤的論點受罰。

* 除了偽造,篡改和剽竊,研究人員應該意識到其他有可能被視為不當行為的問題。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 222)

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (249)
Terry Riley (1935年7月24日-),美国简约主义古典音乐作曲家。他是简约主义的先驱者之一,作品常采用大量重复的简单音型,同时运用磁带。

組或部門介紹 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (5 of 6)
a) 介紹部門所屬的組織或公司; b) 部門的組織架構; c) 部門的人才來源和教育背景; d) 部門的使命; 部門之製造或研究的能力; e) 部門提供的產業服務

線上聽力測驗語音文字記錄:

Cancer has been the leading cause of death in Taiwan since 1982. Committed to providing advanced research capabilities and expertise in cancer therapy, the Cancer Center of National Taiwan University Hospital was established in 1999, and comprises a chemotherapy department, radiation therapy department, nuclear medicine laboratory, clinical experiment laboratory, radiology biological laboratory, biological statistical laboratory, outpatient services for tumor victims, a chemotherapy treatment room, and a ward for tumor patients. The Radiation Therapy Department is the heart of the Cancer Center and focuses on four treatment areas: a state-of-the-art IMRT-linear accelerator, Co-60 therapeutic machinery, a computer tomography simulator and a block-making room. While providing a diverse range of services for cancer patients, the Cancer Center provides a customized treatment strategy that incorporates the latest treatments in surgical oncology, radiation oncology and chemotherapy. The center has highly talented staff, including radiation oncologists, surgical oncologists, medical oncologists, diagnostic radiologists, operate advanced instrumentation such as a linear accelerator, CO-60 and CT, as well as medical physicists who plan therapy. These talented staff help the Cancer Center to achieve the following objectives: providing patient-focused healthcare to enhance patient quality of life, satisfying individual patient requirements and those of their relatives in a nurturing environment, fostering innovative research to prevent, detect and treat various cancers in their early stages, and training future cancer treatment experts and researchers. Additionally, while conducting preliminary and clinical research, the Cancer Center nurtures professional talent in therapeutic, physiological and psychological aspects of cancer research. Moreover, nurses receive specialized training to care for radiation therapy patients, including help such patients cope with the discomfort caused by adverse skin effects and gland deficiencies. The Cancer Center focuses particularly on breast, nasal and pharyngeal, and lung cancers. The center also provides brachytherapy for cervical, ovarian and bladder cancers. Notably, the enhanced form of brachytherapy offered at the center achieves 5-year survival in 95% of patients with superficial tumors. Besides providing state-of-the-art medical services for patients, the Center also offers support for patients and relatives coping with cancer therapy.

科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (14) (上)

* 科學提案建構 : 你科學提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭科學提案的內容嗎?

* 科學問題 : 你的科學提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

* 科學問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

* 科學問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對科學提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

* 科學計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

科學英文科學問題描述

科學計劃建構 Gene expression requires that many proteins interact with a regulated element. However, modulation of gene expression has not been thoroughly investigated, making it impossible to determine the period and location of gene expression. 科學計劃問題 However, expression of the same gene in a diverse cell can be regulated based on different expressions. (NOTE : Add 2-4 sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 科學計劃問題的量化 and, thus, cannot be expressed 100%. 科學計劃問題的中心 The inability to thoroughly understand the mechanism of distinct gene expression makes it impossible to understand how this unique mechanism affects embryo development. 科學計劃需求 Therefore, the mechanism of gene expression in a cell must be elucidated owing to the importance of acquiring genes in a cell for embryo development.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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