研究中的利益衝突是什麼?(研究倫理) / 研究論文文獻回顧檢查清單: 研究生英文投稿日報 9/18/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 研究中的利益衝突是什麼? (研究倫理)

* 研究論文文獻回顧檢查清單 (PART E)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (248)

* 組或部門介紹 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (4 of 6)

* 工程英文假設描述 (33) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

研究中的利益衝突是什麼? (研究倫理)

* 研究中的利益衝突是研究利益和研究人員私人利益或忠誠之間的衝突。

* 研究者追求自己個人利益,而不是公眾利益可能造成研究利益衝突。

* 研究者必須非常小心,個人關係會影響到他們研究判斷的客觀性。

* 例如,研究人員不應該接受被研究者的禮物或恩惠因為它可能會影響你研究貢獻的客觀性。

* 例如,許多研究人員獲得和商業利益研究相關公司或機構的科研經費,且公司或機構對研究結論已有主觀認定。

* 負面的研究結果可能會導致今後的研究缺乏資金。這是一個利益衝突。
另一個可能的利益衝突是研究生忽略了某些研究結果,只提出符合他們論文指導教授或博士口試委員觀點的結論。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 221)

研究論文文獻回顧檢查清單 (PART E)

* 你的文獻回顧的結論是否清楚地說出你對學科的原創性貢獻

– 確認或測試現有理論

– 在文獻中填充知識間隙

– 開發一個更好的模型因變量

– 為今後的研究建立一個基線

– 演示了一個研究的程序或工具的有效性

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 99)

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (248)
Terry Riley (1935年7月24日-),美国简约主义古典音乐作曲家。他是简约主义的先驱者之一,作品常采用大量重复的简单音型,同时运用磁带。

組或部門介紹 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (4 of 6)
a) 介紹部門所屬的組織或公司; b) 部門的組織架構; c) 部門的人才來源和教育背景; d) 部門的使命; 部門之製造或研究的能力; e) 部門提供的產業服務

線上聽力測驗語音文字記錄:

Established in 1988 as a producer of quality motors, Yuan Electrical Machinery Company has accumulated extensive experience in developing high-accuracy instrumentation and advanced machinery to meet diverse consumer needs. The company closely collaborates with microcomputer machinery manufacturers and machinery calibrators to achieve accuracy and precision. Additionally, the company adopts a closely supervised quality control inspection system in manufacturing to ensure that its motors have high torsion, low noise emissions and long life. Machinery is exported mainly to Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, the United States and other southeast Asian countries. Led by a chief administrator in charge of quality control, an administrative staff of 30 employees focuses on five to six quality control-related items. Group leaders coordinate the efforts of employees in their groups by encouraging strong cooperation through constant training to drill members on independent problem solving skills. The Administrative Department is mainly staffed by university graduates with backgrounds in quality control and related fields, with several also having masters and doctoral degrees in fields related to enhancing product quality. The Department recruits primarily from nearby universities and technological institutes, offering recent university graduates numerous management opportunities. While adopting a global perspective towards manufacturing quality products, the department focuses on the following directions: rigorously controlling manufactured product quality to satisfy consumer demand, adopting advanced technologies to gain consumer confidence, emphasizing customer needs to ensure consumer expectations are satisfied and approaching management with a sense of community service. Particularly, the Department emphasizes product quality by adopting the latest technological practices and stressing workplace safety. Demonstrating its commitment to excellence, the department contributed crucially to the company receiving ISO 9000 and 9002 product certification. Furthermore, the Department is striving to achieve compliance with ISO 14000 standards, something which requires a thorough understanding of design quality and quality control to maintain sound manufacturing practices.

工程英文假設描述 (33) (下)

* 工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

* 達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

* 希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

* 領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃目標 A planning and navigational system for brain surgery can be developed based on 3D computer graphics and an infrared ray tracking device. 達成目標的方法 To do so, 2D CT images can be reconstructed to 3D models and any cross-section can be displayed immediately on a monitor. A tracking device can then be installed on the surgical instrument to monitor its position and direction during surgery. Next, the transformation matrix of the reconstructed 3D model and instrument’s coordinate systems can be calculated automatically based on the reference points of the patient’s face. Additionally, the instrument can be displayed in the 3D reconstructed image exactly. 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed system can enable surgeons to diagnose maladies and plan the surgery easily and precisely. 領域的貢獻 Besides enabling surgeons to identify the target properly and simplify operational procedures, the proposed system can reduce errors of the estimated target to less than 1 cm, thus minimizing complications and patient trauma. (NOTE : Add 2-3 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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