研究論文文獻回顧分析檢查清單 / 研究論文進行文獻回顧的目的: 研究生英文投稿日報 9/11/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 研究論文文獻回顧分析檢查清單 (PART C)

* 研究論文進行文獻回顧的目的 (PART B)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (241)

* 公司或組織介紹 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (3 of 6)

* 科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (12) (上)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

研究論文文獻回顧分析檢查清單 (PART C)

* 你有足夠的類似研究,以探索一個獨立和非獨立變量之間的關係?

* 你討論在文獻回顧中假說和理論方面有關變量和關係?

* 你研究結果對研究文獻質量評價 , 且在方法,有效性和可靠性方面也有考慮?

* 你有沒有考慮多學科文獻回顧來源?

* 你有觀點相矛盾的研究及討論呢?

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 89)

研究論文進行文獻回顧的目的 (PART B)

* 在文獻中找出知識差距

* 為了不重複以前做過的研究

* 為了避免以前研究的錯誤

* 為了識別您專業領域的學者

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 96)

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (241)
Terry Riley (1935年7月24日-),美国简约主义古典音乐作曲家。他是简约主义的先驱者之一,作品常采用大量重复的简单音型,同时运用磁带。

公司或組織介紹 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (3 of 6)
a) 簡要陳述組織所屬之產業的概況; b) 組織的使命; c) 組織的發展沿革; 組織的架; d) 特殊部門的發展現況;.e) 組織最新的科技成就; f) 結論

線上聽力測驗語音文字記錄:

As Taiwan’s highest health authority, the Department of Health (DOH) of the Executive Yuan is responsible for administering, supervising and coordinating local health agencies. DOH contributes to maintaining the health of Taiwanese residents by promulgating health-related measures to expedite the provision of convenient and efficient medical services. Promoting a healthy living space in which individuals can fully access quality healthcare services and accurate medical information enables all individuals to take increased responsibility for their well being. Key strategies implemented to achieve the above objective include establishing a National Health Insurance Review Committee to provide guidelines for improving the National Health Insurance system, promoting organizational reengineering by establishing the Bureau of Health Promotion and Bureau of Hospital Management, advancing national health education by establishing the National Health Education Research Group, setting up a modern health care network, enhancing health care for women and the disadvantaged, strengthening emergency medical care, encouraging diversification of hospital operations and, finally, implementing an information-based, nationwide system for preventing communicable diseases. To implement the above strategies, the Hsinchu General Hospital operates 18 outpatient services with a staff of 800, based on the concepts of quality, efficiency and family values. To achieve the objectives of promulgating governmental health care policy and offering quality medical health services to promote physical and mental well being, Hsinchu General Hospital has a bed capacity of 684, with 84 intensive care beds and 600 beds for patients with acute chronic illnesses.

科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (12) (上)

* 科學提案建構 : 你科學提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭科學提案的內容嗎?

* 科學問題 : 你的科學提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

* 科學問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?

* 科學問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對科學提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

* 科學計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?

科學英文科學問題描述

科學計劃建構 Latent membrane protein (LMPI) expressed in EBV-infected cells is a major transforming protein. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is a herpesvirus that infects more than 90% of the human population, despite the fact that most carriers remain asymptomatic. EBV, the causative agent of infectious monucleosis, is associated with several human lymphoid and epithelial malignancies, including Burkit’s lymphoma, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NPC), T cell lymphoma and Hodgkin’s disease. LMPI, an integral membrane protein comprising 386 amino acids, consists of the N-terminus cytoplasmic domain of twenty four amino acids, six membrane-spanning domains of 162 amino acids, and a long cytoplasmic C-terminus of 200 amino acids. 科學計劃問題 The phosphorylation of LMPI plays a significant role in regulating the function of LMPI. The C-terminus of LMPI, i.e. the main domain engaging the intracellular signal transductions, can be phosphorylated. The C-terminus contains several activating regions, i.e. CTAR1, CTAR2, and CTAR3, that determine the biological functions of the molecule. Although the function of CTAR2 has been extensively studied, certain aspects require further consideration. For instance, LMPI is known to activate at least seven signaling pathways. (NOTE : Add 2 sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 科學計劃問題的量化 According to previous studies, CTAR2 domains of LMPI activate around 75% of NT-KB activity compared with full-length LMPI. Whether CTAR1 accounts for the remaining 25% of NF-KB activity is unknown. 科學計劃問題的中心 The inability to identify and characterize the remaining 25% function of CTAR1 prevents us from thoroughly understanding how this versatile molecule implements its function in EBV-induced transformation and, possibly, preventing the development of potential therapeutic targets for EBV-associated cancers. 科學計劃需求 Therefore, a model must be developed based on analysis of Epstein-Barr virus latent membrane protein in which C terminus 204 and 206 are mutated. Based on those results, the phosphorylation and ubiquitination of the mutated C terminus 204 and 206 must also be found on the NF-KB signal pathway.

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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