* 研究論文文獻回顧選擇元素 (PART B)
* 為研究論文進行統計分析的商業軟體 (PART A)
* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (237)
* 專案描述 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (5 of 6)
* 科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (11) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞
研究論文文獻回顧選擇元素 (PART B)
為研究論文進行統計分析的商業軟體 (PART A)
* Analytica http://www.lumina.com/why-analytica/
* Angoss http://www.angoss.com/
* Data Applied http://www.data-applied.com/
Terry Riley (1935年7月24日－），美国简约主义古典音乐作曲家。他是简约主义的先驱者之一，作品常采用大量重复的简单音型，同时运用磁带。
專案描述 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (5 of 6)
a) 專案的背景 b)市場的訊息 c)專案的目標 d)專案的重要特色 e)專案的策略 f)專案的動向)
As an excellent therapy for lung cancer patients, tomotherapy not only enables precise image-guided intensity modulated radiotherapy, but also provides valuable information regarding tumor changes during radiotherapy. Tomotherapy thus represents the future of image-guided IMRT in cancer treatment. The Cancer Center of National Taiwan University (NTU) utilizes all available resources to combat cancer. Numerous investigations have demonstrated the potential of tomotherapy in many unexplored areas in radiation oncology. As a compact, cost effective and high precision radiation therapeutic treatment system, tomotherapy includes a primary beam-shield that reduces the operational costs associated with room shielding, an on-board oncology CT system, a rapid inverse planning system with a built-in optimizer, a full network with DICOM input, and a built-in patient scheduler. Taking TomoImage scans before each treatment enables physicians to determine whether a tumor is shrinking. After four or five weeks of treatment, the treatment dosage can be decreased as the tumor size shrinks. Known as slice therapy because it derives from tomography or cross-sectional imaging, the tomotherapy system resembles a computed tomography system: the patient lies on a bench that moves continuously through a rotating ring gantry. The gantry is fitted with a linear accelerator, which delivers a fan beam of photon radiation as the ring turns. The couch movement combined with the gantry rotation mean that the radiation beam spirals around the patient. Tomotherapy delivers intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) using a multileaf collimator. A recent advance in radiation treatment involves IMRT altering the size, shape and intensity of the radiation beam depending on tumor size, shape and location. Tomotherapy achieves better cancer patient survival rates than other therapeutic treatment systems. The Cancer Center at NTU plans to collaborate with two innovators in this field: Professor Thomas Rockwell Mackie, a leading medical physicist, and Paul J. Reckwerdt, an accomplished mathematician and software engineer. Moreover, Tomotherapy Incorporated holds 70 patented technologies in this area, providing a valuable source of information for further understanding advanced applications of the tomotherapy system. Although some clinicians do not consider tomotherapy a mature technology, preliminary results for treating prostate and lung cancer are encouraging. The precision of tomotherapy offers therapeutic potential for cancer patients ineligible for radiotherapy.
科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (11) (上)
* 科學提案建構 : 你科學提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭科學提案的內容嗎?
* 科學問題 : 你的科學提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
* 科學問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?
* 科學問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對科學提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
* 科學計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?
科學計劃建構 Originally an agricultural based economy that has shifted to an industrial based one, Taiwan now overproduces agricultural produce that can be found in rice as well as in traditional vegetable and fruit markets. However, even with these traditional markets, effectively dealing with agricultural overproduce is problematic. For agricultural overproduce in the international community, the cellulose microbe can not curtail food processing effectively, largely owing to the natural boundary of enzyme production for a thermostable enzyme. 科學計劃問題 The cellulase in cultural heritage is subjected to hot stability, which is insufficiently high; the enzyme yield is low as well. Additionally, the natural boundary only has a small amount of mold and actinomyceses for the cellulase. Therefore, owing to that the natural boundary is not fast enough, agricultural overproduce can not be processed efficiently. (NOTE : Add 2 sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 科學計劃問題的量化 For instance, according to the Environmental Protection Administration of the Republic of China, Taiwan has 6,000,000 tons of agricultural overproduce that must be processed annually. However, this overproduce can not be processed entirely. Taiwan has 2,300,000 tons of agricultural overproduce in rice, while traditional vegetable and fruit markets generate 600,000 tons. Such overproduce can not be processed efficiently. 科學計劃問題的中心 The inability to produce a thermostable enzyme would make it impossible to handle the overwhelming amount of agricultural produce in Taiwan, resulting in serious environmental pollution. 科學計劃需求 Therefore, thermostable cellulases must be grown to understand whether streptomyces inside the mutation stub are active for purposes of manufacturing glucose in the food processing sector.