研究論文進行文獻回顧的策略 / 研究論文文獻回顧選擇元素: 研究生英文投稿日報 9/6/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 研究論文進行文獻回顧的策略

* 研究論文文獻回顧選擇元素 (PART A)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (236)

* 專案描述 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (4 of 6)

* 工程英文假設描述 (30) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

研究論文進行文獻回顧的策略

* 因變量加以記目錄, 定義,澄清和運作

* 潛在自變量加以記目錄, 定義,澄清和運作

* 互動效應加以記目錄, 定義,澄清和運作

* 因變量和自變量之間的關係加以建立模式

* 概述模式測試的方法

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 82)

研究論文文獻回顧選擇元素 (PART A)

* 引用:作者,文章標題,期刊名稱

* 因變量:為變量列表,說明他們的定義,引用標準措施或尺度,其可靠性和有效性

* 自變量:為變量列表,說明他們的定義,引用標準措施或尺度,其可靠性和有效性

* 控制和修改變量:列出這些變量,說明其定義,參考使用的標準措施或規模,其可靠性和有效性

* 樣本和人口:樣本大小,樣本描述,人口,樣本類型(枚舉,隨機,可用性,檔案)和回應率

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 84)

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (236)
Terry Riley (1935年7月24日-),美国简约主义古典音乐作曲家。他是简约主义的先驱者之一,作品常采用大量重复的简单音型,同时运用磁带。

專案描述 (有效撰寫行銷英文 ) (4 of 6)
a) 專案的背景 b)市場的訊息 c)專案的目標 d)專案的重要特色 e)專案的策略 f)專案的動向)

線上聽力測驗語音文字記錄:

As a non-invasive form of nuclear medicine, positron emission tomography (PET) is preferable to conventional image reconstruction, which requires filtered back projection software and maximum likelihood expectation maximization software that often produces poor quality images owing to the limited number of photons and the slow convergence of original image data. Pioneered by the mathematicians Hudson and Larkin in 1994, an image reconstruction method based on ordered subset expectation maximization software has been widely adopted in experimental investigations using PET, and involves a fast algorithm enhancing the slow convergence of conventional software. Given the above considerations, hospitals must replace conventional software to produce high quality clinical images. Owing to budgetary constraints, National Health Insurance (NHI) will not cover the expense of this service, making this area a promising source of revenue for hospitals with the necessary technological capacity. Patients that are unwilling to cover the expense of this PET examination themselves, can choose from other less advanced but still high quality procedures subsidized by NHI, such as ultrasound, multi-slice computer tomography or magnetic resonance imaging. A notable example of such unsubsidized services is the PET Center of Shin Kong Wu Ho-Su Memorial Hospital, which has served over 4,000 patients over the past two years, generating substantial revenues for the hospital, and thus reducing its reliance on NHI for funding. Each patient pays roughly $US 1,500 for this PET examination. Besides enabling the nuclear medicine departments in Taiwanese hospitals to fill a profitable market niche, this PET software-based medical procedure can eventually replace conventional computer image reconstruction software. Enhanced image reconstruction computer software based on maximizing ordered subset expectations is highly promising in clinical efforts to provide high-quality PET images. Several hospitals are currently developing marketing strategies to make patients aware of such high quality medical treatments.

工程英文假設描述 (30) (下)

* 工程目標 : 工程提案的目標 ?

* 達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

* 希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

* 領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關工程領域的貢獻?

工程英文問題描述

工程計劃目標 In addition to constructing an effective performance index, researchers can develop an optimal R&D Lot cycle time reduction model capable of executing timely, effective and clearly defined measures to achieve project cycle time, regardless of whether in R&D or in a wafer fab. 達成目標的方法 To do so, X-factors can be modified to determine the R&D cycle time and derive the F-factor. Based on the two factors, a model can then be constructed to shorten technology development time, and continuously improve quality control by using the SPC chart as a monitoring mechanism. Next, the X-factor (XFab), excluding R&D handling time (HT_RD), can be used to determine the on-time delivery performance of a wafer fab for an advanced R&D technology. Additionally, the F-factor can be used to monitor the maturation process of advanced R&D technology manufacturing and reduce lot inventory costs. 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed performance indices can be used to accurately forecast the R&D lot schedule, shorten lot cycle time and ensure time-to-market delivery of advanced technology products. KPI design provides global optimization benefits that link R&D and the wafer fab.領域的貢獻 The proposed performance index can ultimately shorten R&D cycle time and enhance the on-time delivery of advanced technology products by fab-run R&D Lots. Given R&D technology trends to enhance product quality and manufacturing maturity through KPI design, enterprises can exploit these factors to upgrade operational performance in semiconductor manufacturing. (NOTE : Add an addition 1-2 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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