* 選擇研究主題的檢查清單 (PART A)
* 典型的研究論文大綱 (PART A)
* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (219)
* 資訊請求信函 (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (5 of 6)
* 工程英文問題描述 (26) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞
選擇研究主題的檢查清單 (PART A)
Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 17)
典型的研究論文大綱 (PART A)
Sir John Kenneth Tavener (1944年1月28日－），英国作曲家，以宗教精神深厚的合唱作品著称。塔文纳的主要作品基本上都是宗教性的合唱作品，其中无伴奏合唱尤为出色。他早期的风格受到斯特拉文斯基和梅西安的影响，但是后来他对自然音阶和宗教神秘主义的偏爱使他的风格逐渐向以阿沃•帕特为代表的神圣简约主义靠拢。他的音乐往往旋律优美感人，充满冥想性，并且常常有非西方音乐的因素混合其中。
By designating ABC as my primary interest area in ASME and having received the ABC Newsletter for quite some time, I realize that CGFM could resourcefully support my professional interest in oligomeric proanthocyanidins, which are water-soluble polyphenolic tannins that are present in the female inflorescences (up to 5% dry wt) of the hop plant (Humulus lupulus). Humans are exposed to hop proanthocyanidins through their consumption of beer. Previous studies have characterized proanthocyanidins from hops in terms of their chemical structure and their in vitro biological activities. Chemically, these proanthocyanidins consist mainly of oligomeric catechins, ranging from dimers to octamers, with minor amounts of catechin oligomers that contain one or two gallocatechin units. Additionally, the chemical structures of four procyanidin dimers (B1, B2, B3 and B4) and one trimer, epicatechin-(4β→8)-catechin-(4α→8)-catechin (TR), were elucidated using mass spectrometry, NMR spectroscopy and chemical degradation. When tested as a mixture, the hop oligomeric proanthocyanidins (PC) were found to be potent inhibitors of neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) activity. Among the oligomers tested, procyanidin B2 was the most inhibitory of nNOS activity. Procyanidin B3, catechin and epicatechin were non-inhibitory against nNOS activity. PC and the individual oligomers were all strong inhibitors of 3-morpholinosydnonimine (SIN-1)-induced oxidation of LDL, with procyanidin B3 displaying the highest antioxidant activity at 0.1μg/mL. Moreover, the catechin trimer (TR) exhibited antioxidant activity that was more than one order of magnitude greater than that of α-tocopherol or ascorbic acid on a molar basis.
Given my above research interests and your expertise in this field, could you send me introductory information on your laboratory’s current efforts in these areas? Based on our mutual interests, we are interested in pursuing collaborative activities with your research organization. I look forward to hearing from you.
工程英文問題描述 (26) (上)
* 工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?
* 工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
* 工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?
* 工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
* 工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?
工程計劃建構 Internet hot spots enable online access in many public areas, including airports, campuses and theaters. 工程計劃問題 However, the commonly adopted authentication, authorization and accounting (AAA) procedure is too complex. (NOTE : Add 3-4 more sentences that describe characteristics of the problem or statistics that reflect its severity) 工程計劃問題的量化 For instance, customers at McDonalds stand in line with others purchasing food to buy an ID/password card for one hour use. After the user’s computer is turned on and the browser is opened, the ID/password on the card is entered for authentication and authorization. The entire process may last more then 10 minutes. After an hour passes, the user must stand in line again and repeat the process. Such complexity seriously inhibits consumer desire to use wireless LAN in public places. 工程計劃問題的中心 Given the popularity of mobile phone use, the inability to develop an efficient AAA procedure that uses a wireless LAN environment integrated with mobile phone design seriously falls below consumer expectations. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, an efficient AAA procedure must be developed that uses a wireless LAN environment integrated with mobile phone design.