一個很好的分析研究課題標準 / 在自己的研究課題進行腦力激盪: 研究生英文投稿日報 8/19/2013

研究生英文投稿日報:

* 一個很好的分析研究課題標準

* 在自己的研究課題進行腦力激盪 (PART D)

* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (218)

* 資訊請求信函 (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (4 of 6)

* 科學英文問題描述 / 假設描述 (6) (下)

Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞

一個很好的分析研究課題標準

* 因變量要確認。且這個變量必須是變動的,所以你可以調查其他獨立變量。

* 提出一個合理的假設。這一假設必須顯示一個或多個自變量與因變量。

* 對反對性假設進行檢查。分析必須包括替代假說和理論。

* 所有變量必須是可操作的以使分析具體和特定。所有的假設中的詞句必須定義完整足以讓你收集證據。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 14)

在自己的研究課題進行腦力激盪 (PART D)

* 創建時間線顯示你的研究課題的歷史發展。

* 列出並描寫影響你研究課題的每個變量。

* 列出你的研究課題涉及到的公共政策的爭議。

* 對於你的碩士論文,博士論文,寫一個初步文件參考書目來形容您所在領域的一般性問題研究興趣。從你的導師和研究同事取得反饋。

* 尋找機會與其他研究人員思路交流。

Guide to Writing Empirical Papers, Theses, and Dissertations by G. David Garson (pp. 7)

助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (218)
Sir John Kenneth Tavener (1944年1月28日-),英国作曲家,以宗教精神深厚的合唱作品著称。塔文纳的主要作品基本上都是宗教性的合唱作品,其中无伴奏合唱尤为出色。他早期的风格受到斯特拉文斯基和梅西安的影响,但是后来他对自然音阶和宗教神秘主义的偏爱使他的风格逐渐向以阿沃•帕特为代表的神圣简约主义靠拢。他的音乐往往旋律优美感人,充满冥想性,并且常常有非西方音乐的因素混合其中。

資訊請求信函 (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (4 of 6)

線上聽力測驗語音文字記錄:

How have you been lately? I hope that your stay in Taiwan allowed you to experience the difference between Asian and European cultures. While recently perusing your association’s website, I became intrigued with the area of exhibition management skills. As you are well aware, PIDA holds several widely attended exhibitions, including OPTO Taiwan (since 1980, with over 700 exhibitors and 50,000 international visitors annually) and Computex (since 1976, with over 2,000 exhibitors and 300,000 visitors annually). I have recently been transferred to the Exhibition Department as Chief Operations Manager.

While working for CMP Taiwan, I coordinated several exhibitions at PIDA, allocating exhibition booths, constructing the booths, forwarding materials, and making travel arrangements. However, I lack expertise on the management side, such as in planning and budgeting. Hopefully, this training program will enable me to solve some of our current problems, such as tightening budget constraints.

The preliminary program schedule on the Internet includes a guide to the exhibited technologies, which is unnecessary from my perspective since all of the participants are senior professionals in this field. However, special events, selected brand image trade shows –to which particular brands are invited, could be highlighted in this program schedule, as such events will be of greatest benefit to the participants. Could you please send me a detailed program schedule, so that I can more completely understand the event before it is held?

Thank you in advance for your kind assistance and I look forward to receiving your positive reply.

科學英文假設描述 (6) (下)

* 科學目標 : 科學提案的目標 ?

* 達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

* 希望的結果 : 希望的結果你希望達成的結果?

* 領域的貢獻 : 你的提案對相關科學領域的貢獻?

科學英文假設描述

科學計劃目標 A microbial based biosensor can be developed to determine the presence of urea in milk. 達成目標的方法 To do so, urea biosensor can be identified as an immobilized urease yielding bacterial cell biomass isolated from soil, and can be coupled to the ammonium ion selective electrode of a potentiometric transducer. The membrane potential of all types of potentiometric cell based probes can be correlated with the activity of electrochemically detected product, and thus to the activity of the substrate by a form of the Nernst equation. 希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed microbial based biosensor can analyze milk samples for the presence of urea with a response time as long as 2 min. Those results can correlate well with those of a pure enzyme system. 領域的貢獻 Importantly, the microbial based biosensor has the advantages of a high specificity, portability, simplicity, reliability and continuous real time analysis. Furthermore, an adequate correlation of those results can be made between a pure enzyme system and the spectrophotometric methods. (NOTE : Add 2-4 more sentences that describe more thoroughly how the proposed method contributes to a particular field or sector)

Source: 有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

密集課程 (柯泰德): Organizing Technical Research Papers(科技研究論文組織寫作)

密集課程 (柯泰德):Developing Copyediting Skills(英文編修訓練)

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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