* 如何提高申請到博士後研究獎學金的機會 (PART C)
* 一個良好研究主題的特徵 (PART A)
* 助研究思考及寫作的背景音樂 (211)
* 旅行安排信函 (有效撰寫專業英文電子郵件) (3 of 6)
* 工程英文問題描述 (24) (上)
Academic publishing news 學術出版新聞
如何提高申請到博士後研究獎學金的機會 (PART C)
一個良好研究主題的特徵 (PART A)
Sir John Kenneth Tavener (1944年1月28日－），英国作曲家，以宗教精神深厚的合唱作品著称。塔文纳的主要作品基本上都是宗教性的合唱作品，其中无伴奏合唱尤为出色。他早期的风格受到斯特拉文斯基和梅西安的影响，但是后来他对自然音阶和宗教神秘主义的偏爱使他的风格逐渐向以阿沃•帕特为代表的神圣简约主义靠拢。他的音乐往往旋律优美感人，充满冥想性，并且常常有非西方音乐的因素混合其中。
Recognizing your distinguished contributions in the field of IMRT, we would like formally to invite you to participate as an Invited Speaker at the upcoming meeting of the Chinese Association of Radiological Technologists. We hope that your lecture will include a discussion of the latest developments in radiation treatment used in IMRT. We will provide a roundtrip airfare and accommodation during your stay. I suggest you to stay here for one week to enjoy some of the sights that Taiwan has to offer. Please advise us of your flight number so that we can meet you at the airport.
Thank you for your faxed response regarding cooperation between our two organizations. We generally agree with your proposal. However, I would suggest that you visit in February 2005 because we are usually quite busy during the month of January in preparation for Chinese New Year. A tentative agenda for Dr. Brown’s visit is as follows.
Feb. 6, 2005 (Sun): Arrive in Taiwan at Chiang Kai International Airport and meet colleagues for transit to hotel
Feb. 7, 2005 (Mon): Meet with CART staff members and discuss Dr. Kawasaki’s schedule.
Feb. 8, 2005 (Tue): Consult with staff of Radiation Treatment Laboratory on reciprocity-related topics.
Feb. 9, 2005 (Wed): Lecture on quality control for IMRT.
Feb. 10, 2005 (Thu) to Feb. 11, 2005 (Fri): Enjoy a tour of cultural and historical sites in Taiwan, arranged by staff members.
Feb. 12, 2005 (Sat): Discuss potential collaborative activities of our two organizations in the area of radiation treatment. Feb. 13, 2005 (Sun): Return to Japan
The above itinerary and consultation topics are only tentative. We welcome your feedback if you feel any changes should be made. Any comments or suggestions regarding the aforementioned proposal would be greatly appreciated. If the proposal is acceptable, please send us your presentation topics and curriculum vitae as soon as possible.
工程英文問題描述 (24) (上)
* 工程提案建構 : 你工程提案的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭工程提案的內容嗎?
* 工程問題 : 你的工程提案裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?
* 工程問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制 ?
* 工程問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對工程提案的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?
* 工程計劃需求 : 根據以上問題,最迫切的計劃需求是什麼?
工程計劃建構 The Taguchi method is extensively adopted to enhance manufacturing procedures and product quality. As an efficient robust design approach, the Taguchi method significantly enhances process performance and reduces both process development time and manufacturing costs. Additionally, the Taguchi method uses parameter design to determine a robust factor-level combination that can intervene in noise factors. Noise factors produce product/process variances, making such factors extremely difficult or costly to control. Moreover, experiments allocating Taguchi’s orthogonal array can reduce the quantity of experiments to lower experimental costs. The Taguchi method has subsequently been adopted in numerous industrial-related fields. 工程計劃問題 In most design instances, increasing variation in customer requirements accompanies complex product design. Although adopted in various industries to continuously enhance product design in response to customer requirements, the conventionally adopted Taguchi method only can optimize single quality characteristic design. As product/process design tends to be rather complex to comply with constantly changing customer requirements and production technology, the quality improvement of the conventional Taguchi method gradually declines. 工程計劃問題的量化 The Taguchi method applies a signal-to-noise (SN) ratio as a quality performance measure. According to the SN ratio calculated from experimental observations, an optimal factor-level combination can be obtained by selecting the factor-level with a maximum SN ratio. However, utilizing the SN ratio as a quality performance measure in the optimization procedure may yield an erroneous analysis. Furthermore, the elevated degree of SN ratio for the optimal factor-level combination deteriorates when a complex relationship exists between control factors and quality characteristics. 工程計劃問題的中心 Manufacturers are especially concerned with optimizing a system’s quality to enhance product competitiveness in the market place. Most recent manufacturing systems have a complex design with multiple quality characteristics based on various customer requirements. Accordingly, multiple quality characteristics must be evaluated simultaneously to determine an optimal factor-level combination for a system. The inability to efficiently optimize a complex system with multiple quality characteristics limits applications of the conventional Taguchi method. 工程計劃需求 Therefore, a product/process optimizing procedure based on ABC method must be developed, capable of efficiently optimizing a system regardless of the system complexity.