柯泰德獲新竹市政府頒發教育貢獻感謝狀

新竹市長許明財頒發教育貢獻感謝狀.

市長許明財頒發教育貢獻感謝狀給柯泰德

感謝狀

相關報導:

在我論文第一次初稿中要強調的重點為何? / 投稿同行評審的期刊時我應該遵循什麼樣的步驟? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/19/2014

Along the River 7-119-3 portion

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
* 在我論文第一次初稿中要強調的重點為何? (PART B)
* 投稿同行評審的期刊時我應該遵循什麼樣的步驟? (PART B)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (243) The Missing Key: Review – SQ3R
*除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (9 / 12)
* 醫療英文論文組織寫作 (28) : (第二部分:行動)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

在我論文第一次初稿中要強調的重點為何?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART B)

* 版面佈局:你有雙倍行距 – 甚至是圖表和參考?

- 你有沒有明確指出圖表中的內文?

- 你有沒有包含圖表的說明標題?

* 致謝:你是否感謝提供資金的來源?

* 利益衝突:你有沒有申報所有的利益衝突?

- 你有沒有在手稿及說明信聲明利益衝突,讓評審可以看到?

* 倫理:你提到你已得到研究倫理委員會或審查委員會批准?

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson (p. 25)

投稿同行評審的期刊時我應該遵循什麼樣的步驟?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART B)

* 步驟三:閱讀期刊的投稿須知和其他有用信息。

- 一個精心準備的文稿使編輯和審稿人有好心情。

* 步驟五:收集你需要投稿同行評審期刊的項目。

- 檢查你需要準備的物品,以避免在最後一分鐘要完成全部事項的壓力。

* 步驟六:記住審稿和編輯查看您手稿時應做事項。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson (p. 23)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (243) The Missing Key: Review – SQ3R
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (9 / 12)

這些擾人的重複不必要的文詞其實可以完全去除或是更簡明的表達。作者若不注意這個細節則會使句子變得愈來愈長。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. Computer networking is found to be a group connected together in order to share information.

10. The public phone system is a good example of a network in light of the fact that it makes use
of its own protocols to establish a link between two or more people that make an inquiry about
the manner in which voiced information is exchanged.

11. A majority of laser printers offer a sharper and darker text print compared to other types.

12. There is a general consensus of opinion that the adopted measures are adequate enough.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (28) : (第二部分:行動)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 Given the difficulty in quantifying 3D space measurements, we should attempt to determine the distribution of radiation dosage from portable x-ray machines in general waiting areas for sick patients via simulation, results of which can provide a valuable reference for concerns over radiation protection in a clinical diagnosis setting.

達成目標的方法 To do so, clinical diagnosis or treatment can be simulated, in which radiation is distributed in a 3D space. Exactly how radiation dose is distributed in medical personnel and patients can then be understood. Next, simulation of RANDO phantoms can be observed with respect to the influence of x-ray scattering during clinical diagnosis. Additionally, a TLD chip can be suspended at varying heights in the level layer of three planes. Moreover, TLD data can be obtained after analyzing the radiation distribution.

領域的貢獻 As anticipated, analysis results can identify the optimal radiation dose distribution in a 3D space, thus clarifying not only how radiation dose is distributed in medical personnel and patients and what radiation protection equipment is available, but also how radiation in a lead laden protective screen can be stopped.

希望的結果 Results of this study can demonstrate that lead laden protective screen can prevent 96 % of all radiation leakage from harming medical personnel and patients.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

投稿同行評審的期刊時我應該遵循什麼樣的步驟? / 在我論文第一次初稿中要強調的重點為何? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/18/2014

গোধূলী বেলায়......

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*投稿同行評審的期刊時我應該遵循什麼樣的步驟?(PART A)
*在我論文第一次初稿中要強調的重點為何?(PART A)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (242) SQ3R Video Example
*除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (8 / 12)
*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (28) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

投稿同行評審的期刊時我應該遵循什麼樣的步驟?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART A)

*步驟一:選擇合適的期刊。花時間考慮你的研究,你的目標讀者,及要傳達的信息。

- 詢問同事他們讀的期刊及尊重的期刊。

- 瀏覽期刊之前的刋登文章,了解該期刊的風格和範圍。

- 檢查你所選擇的格式是期刊可以接受的。

- 問問自己,“為什麼這些人想讀我的論文?”

- 考慮你的發現有何特別吸引期刊讀者注意的地方。

- 檢查有關文章長度和格式的具體說明

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson (p. 23)

在我論文第一次初稿中要強調的重點為何?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART A)

* 摘要:是否符合期刊的最大長度和格式?

- 它是否準確地反映了手稿內容?

* 關鍵詞:他們是期刋所要求的?

- 如果是這樣,它們是否符合分節標題?

* 研究論文標題:它是精確的和明白的?

- 你是否需要提供一個標題以為隨後的頁面使用?

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson (p. 25)

學術英文投稿教學影片 (242) SQ3R Video Example
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (8 / 12)
這些擾人的重複不必要的文詞其實可以完全去除或是更簡明的表達。作者若不注意這個細節則會使句子變得愈來愈長。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. Netscape Navigator is also helpful if conditions are such that the users are in many cases not
in close proximity to their local server.

6. The web browser in all cases gives consideration to the user’s needs in a situation in which he
or she is away from the office.

7. The following instructions are actually presented for the purpose of helping the e-mail user
access incoming and outgoing e-mail from anywhere.

8. It is well known that a computer network serves the function of being a group of interconnected
computers that cooperate together to accomplish many important tasks.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (28) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Portable x-ray machines are extensively adopted in hospitals as auxiliary equipment to diagnose illnesses, enabling medical technicians to free move around hospital wards with these machines that strictly adhere to certain radiation level requirements in patient-physician consultation rooms, but not so for general waiting areas for sick patients.

研究問題 However, patient-physician consultation rooms are constructed of a lead-laden protective shelter, while general waiting areas for sick patients are not, only blocking ordinary radiation levels by three lead-laden protective screens. 3D space measurements are difficult to quantify.

研究問題的量化 Doing so involves adopting a mode of isodose curve in which the data distributed dose of a 3D space is quantified.

研究問題的中心 The traditional tubes of an x-ray machine that illuminate the angle will influence the extent to which radiation is distributed.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

作為一個提交論文的作者,我對期刊編輯和審稿人能有何期望? / 評估研究提案的標準為何? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/17/2014

Yunlin County Montage

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*作為一個提交論文的作者,我對期刊編輯和審稿人能有何期望?
*評估研究提案的標準為何?(PART B)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (241) Form A Question: SQ3R
*除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (7 / 12)
*科學英文論文組織寫作 (28) : (第二部分:行動)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

作為一個提交論文的作者,我對期刊編輯和審稿人能有何期望?(柯泰德翻譯)

* 作為一個作者,你有權得到的審查是全面的,知識性,及時及周到的。

* 如果審稿人誤解你的工作或忽略了一個重要的功能,你可以和編輯討論,並要求重新審查。

* 如果您的文件已經被指定的審稿人拒絕,你可以要求一個外部審查;但這可能是在浪費時間。

* 如果已過了數月你還沒有得到對稿件的回應,應檢明期刊的回應時間。

* 如果你還沒在回應時間內得到回應,請聯繫該期刊的辦公室,問發生了什麼事。

* 如果您收到無禮評論,您應告知編輯。

* 如果審查過程是開放的,且你知道審稿人並沒有申報利益衝突,如果這可能會影響期刊的決定,此時應讓編輯知道。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson (p. 23)

評估研究提案的標準為何?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART B)

* 研究人員有資格進行這項研究?

- 您需要研究人員先前經驗,他們目前的資源,以及對這方面研究費用的了解。

* 研究提案是否包括明確的項目計劃?

- 項目計劃顯示何時以及為什麼更多的工作人員和其他資源是必要的。

- 項目計劃也列出了階段性目標和項目進展評估。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

學術英文投稿教學影片 (241) Form A Question: SQ3R
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (7 / 12)

這些擾人的重複不必要的文詞其實可以完全去除或是更簡明的表達。作者若不注意這個細節則會使句子變得愈來愈長。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. It is recommended by us that the trackball be selected on the occasion of purchasing a user
interface device of this type.

2. The trackball is deficient of the mobility that a mouse has despite the fact that the trackball
requires less hand movement than the mouse.

3. This presentation comes to a conclusion that trackballs are at the present time nice to use
when limited space is available despite the fact that not as precise movement as expected can
be made without practice.

4. Along the lines of other browsers, Netscape Navigator has been proved to be great for one
individual who happens to be working from multiple computers.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (28) : (第二部分:行動)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動):

研究目標 Based on the above, we should investigate the RSOE in II-VI semiconductors and construct a related model.

達成目標的方法 To do so, voltage-current characteristics (VIC), voltage-capacity characteristics (VCC) and capacity-modulated spectra for barrier structures can be measured at various irradiation doses, providing the preliminary experimental data. Based on that data, the control parameters can then be derived. Following Hall experiments to consider bulk effects, the parametric changes
can be analyzed and synthesized.

希望的結果 As anticipated, low-dose radiation processes can be clarified in solids, improving the parameters of structures based on II-VI semiconductors. The proposed work can also elucidate low-dose radiation processes in II-VI semiconductors. Thus, applying this model to barrier structure manufacturing can allow us to accurately predict the irradiation conditions to enhance the parameters of structures based on II-VI semiconductors. The range of objects in which the RSOE is observed can be expanded. II-VI and other (Si, III-V) semiconductors can also be compared in terms of the RSOE mechanisms. Analysis of RSOE in II-VI reveals the peculiarities of related objects.

領域的貢獻 In contrast with III-V semiconductors, for which the properties of “pure” crystals can be determined by impurities in II-VI semiconductors, the lattice “stoichiometric” defects prevail. Naturally, RSOE can be explained by the reconstruction of defect centers. Importantly, the proposed model can consider the effect of the radiation-stimulated diffusion (RSD) of point defects.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

評估研究提案的標準為何? / 審查學術期刊稿件時經常遇到的問題? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/16/2014

Taitung County Montage

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*評估研究提案的標準為何? (PART A)
*審查學術期刊稿件時經常遇到的問題?(PART B)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (240) Understanding SQ3R Presentation
*除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (6 / 12)
*科學英文論文組織寫作 (28) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

評估研究提案的標準為何?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART A)

* 研究有必要嗎?

- 尋找研究的明確理由,包括對現有文獻的徹底審查。

- 對文獻中相似的研究做你自己的附加搜索。

* 研究方法是否恰當?

- 主要的困難是在區別提案品質及已提出研究的品質 。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

審查學術期刊稿件時經常遇到的問題?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART B)

* 我的評論會得到任何意見反饋?

- 閱讀這些評論,看看是否你有錯過手稿的重要問題。

- 此外,與其他評審比較您評論的全面性。

* 我將被要求再次看稿?

- 大多數期刊會問審稿人是否想再次審看已修訂過的手稿。

- 如果你已經提出了實質的關注和批評,你應該再看一遍修訂手稿。

- 該期刊應該為您提供作者的說明信,其中概括了作者針對您的意見所做的更改。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

學術英文投稿教學影片 (240) Understanding SQ3R Presentation
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (6 / 12)

這些擾人的重複不必要的文詞其實可以完全去除或是更簡明的表達。作者若不注意這個細節則會使句子變得愈來愈長。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. It goes without saying that it is not necessary for a trackball to have total hand and arm
movement in order to move the cursor around the screen.

10. The mouse has a sort of ball inside that basically moves along the workspace and controls
electronic connections inside the particular device itself.

11. It is the board of directors who make a decision in the event that the future plan will be
accepted.

12. There are laser printers that have a slight edge over other types of printers in terms of
printing speed and cost.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (28) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 As is well known, ionizing irradiation causes material damage. The range/number of radiation effects in solids depends on both the crystal structure and the type of ionizing irradiation. Additionally, the energy and dosage of irradiation essentially affect radiation processes. Ionizing irradiation excites both electronic and ionic subsystems of crystals. Relaxation processes occur after excitation, forming defects. Defects impair the solids, extensively stimulating material damage.

研究問題 However, the radiation-stimulated ordering effect (RSOE) is found in various materials. At least two competitive processes are observed in crystals and semiconductors under ionizing irradiation – 1) generation of radiation defects and 2) radiation-stimulated annihilation of defects.

研究問題的量化 For instance, on a specific stage, the annihilation of irradiation defects can dominate the generation of defects, enhancing the structure. This stage is referred to as RSOE. Therefore, low-dose irradiation could serve as an effective method for increasing the reliability of semiconductors and the stability of parameters in the final stage of manufacturing. This fact substantially increases economical efficiency.

研究問題的中心 Nevertheless, the RSOE mechanisms in II-VI semiconductors remain unknown, making it impossible to implement process applications capable of increasing the efficiency of barrier structures. Although the application of RSOE could markedly increase product output in microelectronics, the generalization and analysis of RSOE remain an obstacle to further development.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

審查學術期刊稿件時經常遇到的問題? / 作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/15/2014

Pingtung County Montage

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*審查學術期刊稿件時經常遇到的問題?(PART A)
*作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告?(PART D)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (239) TOEFL Speed Reading Test: 160 Words Per Minute SQ3R
*除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (5 / 12)
*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (27) : (第二部分:行動)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

審查學術期刊稿件時經常遇到的問題?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART A)

* 如何處理期刊審稿人之間的分歧?

- 評論之間的分歧很常見,無論是具體的手稿重點問題以及手稿是否應予以刋登。

- 較大的期刊編輯通常會評估每個組的意見,並做成他們自己的決定。

- 較小的期刊編輯依第三審稿人決定解決問題。

*我的評論會得到任何意見反饋?

- 該期刊應該讓你知道有關文件作出的最後決定,並告訴你其他審稿人的意見。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART D)

* 對研究論文的疑點盡可能地有利看待。

- 如果數據很重要,但這項研究有缺陷,刋登它可能仍然是有用的。

* 文中提到所有利益衝突。

- 期刊通常會要求你申報和作者的個人關係,專業關係 和金融利益。

- 你也可以說明其他類型的利益衝突,如認為可能強烈影響你判斷的科學,政治或宗教信仰因素。

* 準時寄上您的報告。如果您需要更多的時間,請聯繫該期刊,讓他們知道發生了什麼事情,同時也可以通知作者這項延誤。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

學術英文投稿教學影片 (239) TOEFL Speed Reading Test: 160 Words Per Minute SQ3R
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (5 / 12)

這些擾人的重複不必要的文詞其實可以完全去除或是更簡明的表達。作者若不注意這個細節則會使句子變得愈來愈長。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5. It is crucial that the consumer possesses knowledge about using either a mouse or a track ball
before making a purchase of a product.

6. It is necessary that the mouse has the ability to move around the workspace in any direction in
order to perform its work task.

7. There is a need for a trackball to stay stationary under circumstances in which limited space
is available.

8. It is possible that a mouse is easier for the beginning user to control for the reason that a
hand is easier to move in any direction compared to a thumb.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (27) : (第二部分:行動)
以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 Based on the above, we should attempt to determine the ratio of the plaque and fibrous lesion to CSA in order to enable medical personnel to assess the severity of a lesion.

達成目標的方法 To do so, severity of a lesion can be determined based on the melanized value of the x-ray penetrating various density materials. The vessel lumen can then be directly scanned using IVUS and, in doing so, not only divide different stenosis rates but also display the anatomy three-dimensionally.

希望的結果 As anticipated, analysis results can verify the effectiveness of IVUS scanning in providing a safe and accurate means of diagnosing patients, enabling medical personnel to prescribe accurate treatment based on IVUS results.

領域的貢獻 In contrast with CAG, IVUS is a safe, immediate and precise diagnosis method that can not only facilitate an evaluation of lesions in the LMCA, but also enable cardiologists to effectively treat patients and, ultimately lower the mortality rate of CAD patients and medical expenses.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告? / 在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/14/2014

Penghu County Montage

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告?(PART C)
*在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題?(PART E)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (238) How To Study Like A Pro- SQ3R
*除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (4 / 12)
*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (27) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART E)

*是否有任何研究道德問題?

- 手稿是否有得到研究倫理委員會或機構審查委員會批准?

- 作者獲得研究參與者書面同意?

- 是否有不端行為的跡象?

* 在研究方法,數據或解釋上有任何瑕疵?

* 期刊是否應刊登手稿?

- 一些期刊希望評審提供有關是否應刊登的意見,而其他一些期刊
則只希望得到對手稿客觀的批判 。

*期刊是否尋求其他專家,如統計人員的協助,以確認數據的有效性?

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART C)

* 不要作出誹謗性言論。專注於手稿而不是作者。

* 要有禮貌和有建設性。

- 作者更傾向於接受批評,如果他們讀到的第一件事是肯定的。

- 識別優勢和劣勢。

* 對研究論文的疑點盡可能地有利看待。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

學術英文投稿教學影片 (238) How To Study Like A Pro- SQ3R
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (4 / 12)

這些擾人的重複不必要的文詞其實可以完全去除或是更簡明的表達。作者若不注意這個細節則會使句子變得愈來愈長。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. It is important to know the pros and cons on the occasion of choosing a compact disk (CD)
recorder.

2. There is a chance that the college will install 100Mbps cards notwithstanding the fact that
they have served the school well in the past history.

3. It could happen that the college will really keep up with the changing times on the basis of
installing 100Mbps cards.

4. To reach a conclusion on the manner in which to upgrade its system, the possibility exists for the school to replace the 10Mbps cards with the 100Mbps network cards.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (27) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Coronary artery angiography (CAG) can not divide the severity of left main coronary artery (LMCA) with plaque or fibrous lesion, making impossible an appropriate and immediate treatment strategy and necessitating an alternative means of determining the severity of a lesion to prescribe such a strategy. In practice, CAG displays coronary arteries by combining an x-ray intensity of 100~150 kVp and 10 mAs, making it further impossible to acquire the images of plaque and fibrous lesion with a low intensity X-ray and explaining why the severity of the lesion is often underestimated.

研究問題 For overcoming this problem, although scanning these images with intra-vessel ultrasound (IVUS) is a feasible alternative, how to define an accurate stenosis rate when calculating the cross-section area ratio is problematic.

研究問題的量化 The reference is defined as the LMCA with IVUS scanning. The clinical criteria value of a normal vessel cross-section area (CSA) is defined as the percentage confident area (Mean lumen area minus 2* standard deviation)

研究問題的中心 Although the control group can be defined as the LMCA with CAG, whether it is normal can not be determined by comparing their CSA results. Consequently, a precise treatment strategy can not be devised without comparing the criteria value and the abnormal value.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題? / 作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/13/2014

Nantou County Montage

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題?(PART D)
*作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告?(PART B)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (237) How To Track Your Time To Increase Your Productivity
*除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (3 / 12)
*科學英文論文組織寫作 (27) : (第二部分:行動)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART D)

* 由數據支持的結論是什麼? 結論中對結果的過份說明是很常見的,可能需要在標題,摘要及正文中來校正。

* 手稿良好地被呈現?

- 寫作簡明且有清晰的邏輯?

- 手稿結構是否正確?

- 是否有文字,表格和數字之間的謹慎平衡?

- 摘要及正文之間的謹慎平衡?

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART B)

*不要在紙張的邊緣提交手寫編輯意見。這樣期刊難以傳遞給作者。

* 不要發表您專業知識以外的意見。不要覺得你必須審查並報告一份研究的各個方面。

- 明確告知編輯您的專業知識範圍,讓他們知道什麼時候該諮詢其他評審。

* 說明誰在您的評論過程中曾給予幫助。

- 如果有同事們的幫助,感謝他們在報告中的幫助。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

學術英文投稿教學影片 (237) How To Track Your Time To Increase Your Productivity
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (3 / 12)

這些擾人的重複不必要的文詞其實可以完全去除或是更簡明的表達。作者若不注意這個細節則會使句子變得愈來愈長。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

9. It is noted that 10Mbps network cards are basically becoming obsolete for the reason of their
slow data transfer rates.

10. It is interesting to note that monitoring features in most cases inform the user provided that
a performance bottleneck occurs.

11. It is the operator who makes a determination of the questions as to the phase should be
implemented.

12. There is a guideline that makes a provision of the necessary requirements.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (27) : (第二部分:行動)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動):

研究目標 Based on the above, we should develop a rapid molecular identification method using the high specific gene of tdh gene in bacteria chromosome to detect a major target.
達成目標的方法 To do so, tdh gene can be detected by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Exactly how V. paraemolyticus and antibiotics are related can then be determined using a drug sensitivity test. Next, using this same test, whether bacteria are drug resistant or drug sensitive can be determined as well. Additionally, the Vibrio paraemolyticus epidemic phenomenon in the surrounding environment can be more thoroughly understood using pulsed field gel electrophoresis.

希望的結果 As anticipated, the proposed molecular identiication method can detect the presence of Vibrio paraemolyticus in the environment in only a few hours. Additionally, the pulsed field gel electrophoresis results can provide further insight into the molecular epidemic phenomenon in the surrounding environment.

領域的貢獻 Importantly, the proposed method can provide rapid and accurate molecular biology results to detect Vibrio paraemolyticus in the environment.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告? / 在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/12/2014

Miaoli County Montage

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告?(PART A)
*在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題?(PART C)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (236) Learn How Minimalism Can Help Increase Your Focus
*除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (2 / 12)
*科學英文論文組織寫作 (27) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

作為學術期刊同行評審, 我如何寫一個審查意見報告?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART A)

*仔細檢查評審期刊的說明。

- 一些期刊有勾選框來記錄手稿的各個方面,但通常還提供文字意見的空間。

* 開始研究論文的簡要概述以說明你理解研究手稿的總體原則。

* 在一個列表中列舉您的意見,使作者更容易向您的意見作出回應。

- 表示該意見涉及稿件哪個部分。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART C)

* 提交的手稿是否有效?

- 被研究對象的取樣是否正確?

- 研究控制適當和足夠?

- 是否有足夠高的回應率?

- 方法充分描述?

-分析是否正確?

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

學術英文投稿教學影片 (236) Learn How Minimalism Can Help Increase Your Focus
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (2 / 12)

這些擾人的重複不必要的文詞其實可以完全去除或是更簡明的表達。作者若不注意這個細節則會使句子變得愈來愈長。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

5 It has been found that any error that might happen will be more destructive in light of the
fact that XYZ applications is in a position to make direct calls to the hardware.

6 It has long been known that the logon between the workstation and NT server is encrypted
considering the fact that an eavesdropper actually wants to gain the ID and password.

7 It is our opinion that Windows 95 is for all intents and purposes a good operating system in a
situation in which the user has many requirements.

8 It is possible that the error affects the necessary requirements when attempting to ascertain
the location of the variables.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

科學英文論文組織寫作 (27) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為科學英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 As an island, Taiwan has abundant seafood available for consumption. Of particular concern is Vibrio paraemolyticus, an epidemic pathogen commonly found in seafood. This pathogen can cause sitotoxism, a disease with an incidence rate in Taiwan that is the highest worldwide. Often a result of insufficiently cooked seafood, sitotoxism is especially prevalent from May to August, when a large amount of seafood is consumed islandwide.

研究問題 As the conventional means of identifying Vibrio paraemolyticus, serotyping is expensive, tedious, and time consuming. Various molecular subtyping methods are also applied to identified an appropriate means of differentiating Vibrio paraemolyticus isolates from other serotypes. However, whether molecular subtyping methods provide a more rapid and sensitive alternative for differentiating among Vibrio paraemolyticus strains is unknown.

研究問題的量化 For instance, serotyping requires seven days before supplying reliable results and, in doing so, is relatively inefficient, thus necessitating the need for a viable alternative.

研究問題的中心 The inability to develop a more reliable and efficient means of identifying Vibrio paraemolyticus will lead to an increasingly higher incidence rate of sitotoxism in Taiwan.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source:

在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題? / 對每一個研究論文,我要問的三個基本問題為何? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/11/2014

Hualien County Montage

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題? (PART B)
*對每一個研究論文,我要問的三個基本問題為何?(PART B)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (235) Mind Mapping Interactive Course
*除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (1 / 12)
*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (26) : (第二部分:行動)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART B)

*是否提交原創手稿?

- “原創”,包括新的數據,觀點,方法或報告,或現有數據的再分析。

- 如果研究的問題已經被解決,這手稿是否補充足夠新資料來證明?

*提交的手稿是否有效?

- 研究設計是否回答主要研究問題?

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

對每一個研究論文,我要問的三個基本問題為何?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART B)

*我是否相信研究論文陳說的內容?

- 論文是否通過合理的數據以得出結論,並且是有效的方法?

*我是否重視以下?

-研究問題是否重要和有趣?

- 研究結果有明確的理論和實際意義?

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

學術英文投稿教學影片 (235) Mind Mapping Interactive Course
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
除去重複及不必要的措詞 (英文編修訓練) (精確寫作) (1 / 12)

這些擾人的重複不必要的文詞其實可以完全去除或是更簡明的表達。作者若不注意這個細節則會使句子變得愈來愈長。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

1. It is well known that a majority of Taguchi method applications have the capacity for
addressing a single-response problem.

2. It may be said that computers have the ability to incorporate kinds of equipment in order that
the user is in a position to interact with the computer.

3. It is a fact that the network cards have the opportunity to be upgraded to meet the connection
speeds in the event that the campus upgrades 100Mbps hubs and routers.

4. It is evident that the college is able to make an informed decision through means of
understanding the capabilities and cost difference for both 10Mbps and 100Mbps.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (26) : (第二部分:行動)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 : 研究的目標 ?

達成目標的方法 : 你的計劃中達成目標的步驟?

希望的結果 : 你希望達成的結果?

領域的貢獻: 你的研究的貢獻?

(第二部分:行動)

研究目標 Based on the above, we should design a multi-channel microelectrode incorporated with a customized multi-channel recording amplifier to record multi-channel evoked potentials and quantitatively evaluate clinical pain.

達成目標的方法 To do so, glass microelectrodes can be used to record cerebral evoked potentials caused by electrical or mechanical stimuli. The responsive centers can then be identified via current-source-density (CSD) analyses. Next, a concentration can be made of sixteen channels in one system, which consists of amplifiers and filers capable of preventing too many falling heads.

希望的結果 As anticipated, the multi-channel microelectrode incorporated with a customized multi-channel recording amplifier can markedly reduce the time required to perform electrophysiological experiments and reproduce experiments.

領域的貢獻 While adequate monitoring and recording systems can build up public confidence in the reliability of laboratory results, further clinical trials of this systems can increase diagnosis efficiency and detect diseases in their early stages for immediate treatment.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

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對每一個研究論文,我要問的三個基本問題為何? / 在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題? (研究生英文出版投稿日報) 9/10/2014

Hsinchu County Montage

研究生英文出版投稿日報:
*對每一個研究論文,我要問的三個基本問題為何? (PART A)
*在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART A)
*學術英文投稿教學影片 (234) What Specific Time Should You Be Tracking To Increase Your Productivity
*避免過度使用It 及 There開頭句(英文編修訓練) (11 / 11)
*醫療英文論文組織寫作 (26) : (第一部分:背景)
Academic publishing news 學術英文出版新聞

對每一個研究論文,我要問的三個基本問題為何?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART A)

*我是否理解所審查的手稿?

- 問題的方法解釋清楚?

- 技術論證明確,以使論文有順暢邏輯?

- 語法及文法方面, 是否精簡及明白?

* 我是否相信研究論文陳說的內容?
How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

在審查提交學術期刊的手稿時我應該問什麼樣的具體問題?(柯泰德翻譯) (PART A)

* 研究問題或目標明確說明?

- 手稿清楚地說明作者做這個研究的原因?

- 作者充分及準確地總結和參考現有文獻?

* 研究問題是有趣的和重要的?

- 研究問題比答案重要。也就是說,如果所研究的問題已經被明確提出及有其
重要性,答案也是重要,不管它是(正,負或中性的)。

How to Survive Peer Review by Elizabeth Wager, Fiona Godlee and Tom Jefferson

學術英文投稿教學影片 (234) What Specific Time Should You Be Tracking To Increase Your Productivity
觀看本學術英文投稿教學影片以加強英文寫作投稿能力
避免過度使用It 及 There開頭句(英文編修訓練) (11 / 11)

使用It 及 There 開頭的句子容易使文章語多累贅及曖昧不清。除非It 指的是先前句子所提特定的名詞,否則完全的避免 It is 的句型。數個由It is 開頭的句型應去除掉,因為他們對句意並沒幫助。如果不能完全省略去除掉這種句型,則應更為精簡的描述全句。

請把練習題列印出來再以紅筆用標準編修註記修改:

6 There is more and more interest in the market potential of carbon black in Taiwan

7 It is important that all alternatives be explored before reaching a decision on what to do.

8 There is another option that allows students to work and pursue an academic career.

9 There is a need for instructors to orient all incoming students.

10 There is no significant difference between the two approaches.

Answer

科技英文編修訓練手冊 柯泰德

醫療英文論文組織寫作 (26) : (第一部分:背景)

以下為醫療英文研究的基本科技論點:

(第一部分:背景)

研究建構 : 你研究的主題是什麼? 你的讀者可以明瞭研究的內容嗎?

研究問題 : 你的研究裡有你試著要解決或是想更進一步瞭解的問題嗎?

研究問題的量化 : 你要如何量化問題來讓你的讀者明白之前文獻研究所遇到的量化限制?

研究問題的中心 : 如果問題沒被解決或是充分瞭解, 這對研究的讀者會有多大的負面衝擊?

(第一部分:背景) :

研究建構 Measuring physiological signals plays an important role in medical or clinical studies, as evidenced by numerous electrophysiological studies attempting to acquire various physiological signals emitted from pain in order to develop adequate monitoring and recording systems.

研究問題 Despite the abundance of electrophysiological investigations in this area, no objective and precise method is available to evaluate pain in clinical practice.

研究問題的量化 For instance, conventionally adopted electrophysiolgical systems have only a single channel, thus expending considerable time. The ability to use multi-channel recording systems would not only save experimental time, but also detect the reproducibility of the recordings without delay.

研究問題的中心 The inability to construct a standardized, multi-channel system makes it impossible to compensate for the lack of current-source-density (CSD) analysis obtained from stimulations, without which, makes it extremely difficult to understand the distribution of touch or pain responses. Therefore, a multi-channel microelectrode incorporated with a customized multi-channel recording amplifier must be designed to record multi-channel evoked potentials and quantitatively evaluate clinical pain.

有效撰寫英文工作提案 柯泰德

Source: